DAILY NEWS HERALD
DAILY NEWS HERALD #217
Public Relations and Mass Media Department of the MFA
November 5, 2018
Effectiveness of reforms on public education system development is considered. 1
The Danish company Alliance Capital K / S plans to build a paid 12-kilometer high-speed section of the motorway bypassing in Ahangaran. 2
International relationships: analysis. 3
Meeting with Guinean Ambassador 3
Uzbekistan – Russia: Genuine Friendship Matures with Time. 3
Effectiveness of reforms on public education system development is considered
On November 2, 2018, the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan Shavkat Mirziyoyev held a meeting on issues of organizing effective implementation of the planned reforms on further development of the public education system.
To bring the system of upbringing and education to a completely new level, the Head of the state adopted the Decree “On additional measures of improving the system of public education management” of September 5 and a number of resolutions.
From September 1 of this year, wages of school managers and teaching staff, the number of which is over 450 thousand, have been raised. A system has been introduced for granting preferential loans to employees of public education for purchasing houses, land, household appliances, livestock and cars. A special state award for teachers has been established. The practice of attracting them to other jobs, conducting unreasonable inspections in schools was discontinued.
As a result of these measures, in the current year the system of public education was replenished with 16 thousand young personnel with higher education. Almost 13 thousand male teachers returned to schools.
At the meeting, the President noted that the field faces many challenges, the level of providing schools with textbooks, quality of curricula, work on increasing knowledge and skills of teachers, eliminating staff shortage, expanding opportunities for learning foreign languages still does not meet the requirements.
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At the meeting on further development of public education system, the slowness in the work on automation of the educational process in the system, introduction of electronic form of services for enrollment and transfer of students, organization of private schools on the basis of public-private partnership was noted. Necessary measures in this direction were discussed.
It was noted that at present the level of knowledge and qualification of school teachers in general does not meet the requirements. 65 thousand workers in the system out of more than 422 thousand teachers have special secondary education. The number of teachers of the highest category is only 11 thousand.
The real need for additional teaching staff exceeds 3 thousand people. In particular, there are not enough teachers of English, Russian language and literature, primary classes, computer science, and mathematics.
In this regard, the Ministry of Public Education, the Center for Secondary Special and Vocational Education, the Ministry of Employment and Labor Relations have been instructed to develop comprehensive measures for filling vacancies, supporting, encouraging and raising the qualifications of teachers ready to work in remote areas.
Issue of improving the quality of educational and methodical literature and textbooks is also relevant. Two months have passed since the beginning of the school year, despite this the schools have not received 33 thousand textbooks for the 3rd, 5th, and 8th grades. Unfortunately, mistakes are often made in textbooks.
On this basis, instructions were given on ensuring the solution of issues in this direction.
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At the meeting, chaired by President Shavkat Mirziyoyev on November 2, attention was paid to the state of school buildings, their material and technical base.
After the transition of schools to 11-year education, the number of students increased by 1 million. Currently, 138 school branches do not have their own buildings, student enrollment ratio is exceeded in 55 branches.
Construction and repair work envisaged by the investment program should be completed in 35 schools as soon as possible. It is required to deliver to schools more than 5 thousand units of teaching and laboratory equipment in physics, chemistry and biology, 43 thousand sets of educational furniture.
The President noted the need for speedy completion of construction and repair work in schools, equipping them with centralized investment funds.
Instructions were given taking into account the needs of the regions on the transfer of vacant buildings of colleges and lyceums under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Public Education before the end of this year, as well as on transforming local schools into full-fledged schools by January 1, 2019, providing schools with buses.
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The level of knowledge provision and learning that does not meet current requirements was criticized at the meeting on further development of public education system. The unsatisfactory state of work on organization of training-industrial complexes and their equipment for vocational training of 10th and 11th grade students was noted.
On the average in the country, 23 students study in one class, in the city of Tashkent and regional centers – 40 children. Uzbekistan has 13 students for each teacher, and in developed countries this figure does not exceed 10. It is necessary to reduce the number of students in one class, as well as their weekly study load by at least 5-10 percent, the Head of the state said.
The level of implementation of information technologies in general education schools cannot be called up-to-date. So, in some of them, obsolete programming languages are still taught in computer science, computer equipment has become unusable.
In this regard, instructions were given on critical study of provision of schools with computers, development of specific target programs on their equipment, introduction of modern methods of teaching informatics.
The task was set to develop a system of private schools based on the study of foreign experience.
Preparation of schools for autumn/winter season was also discussed at the meeting. It was noted that ministries of public education and finance, together with local khokimiyats, need to take measures on fully preparing schools for winter within two weeks.
The Danish company Alliance Capital K / S plans to build a paid 12-kilometer high-speed section of the motorway bypassing in Ahangaran
The company's specialists have calculated that more than 20 thousand cars pass through the center of this city every day along the A-373 highway. They have to cross busy intersections where traffic is regulated by 5 traffic lights. Along the road there are educational institutions, populous objects of trade, entertainment and social purposes. At the same time, traffic is becoming more intense, and speeds are limited by security requirements.
A toll road with high quality cement-concrete pavement will have all the necessary infrastructure elements. Along the planned section of the highway will be located around the clock service stations, cafes, gas stations. There will be a higher resolution speed in several lanes. On the toll road section, privileges will be provided for the transportation of special vehicles – law enforcement services, ambulance services, emergency services, MES, and MO.
In addition, a consortium of Turkish companies Cengiz - Kolin - Kalyon plans to build a toll road Tashkent - Samarkand. The project will allow to overcome the distance from Tashkent to Samarkand in 2 hours. Construction work on the creation of a toll highway is tentatively scheduled for 2019-2020.
(Source: «Uzbekistan Today» newspaper)
International relationships: analysis
Meeting with Guinean Ambassador
On November 5, 2018, the Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Uzbekistan Abdulaziz Kamilov received the newly appointed Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of the Republic of Guinea with a residence in the city of Tehran, Bangaly Diakhaby.
After a brief ceremony of presenting credentials, the Minister congratulated the Ambassador on his appointment to Uzbekistan and wished him success in his activity in a high and responsible post.
As it was noted, despite the geographical remoteness, Uzbekistan and Guinea are actively cooperating within the framework of the UN, the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation and other international structures.
The sides exchanged views on promising areas of cooperation, confirmed their readiness to maintain direct contacts, to expand cultural-humanitarian exchanges.
(Source: Web site of the MFA of the Republic of Uzbekistan)
Uzbekistan – Russia: Genuine Friendship Matures with Time
“Perhaps, with none of the Central Asian states did Russia experience such difficulties in building strategic cooperation as with Uzbekistan.” Comments like this in the Russian media had been a frequent incidence until recently. But there were those who would find quite reasonable explanations to those ‘difficulties’. Alexander Kozlovsky, who in 2011 held the post of deputy chairman of the State Duma Committee on International Affairs, was among them. He noted back then that “for the time being, Russian business cannot interest Uzbekistan – and one won’t be nice by coercion. We can quickly start working together, but for this we need to be really interesting and competitive… In relations with Uzbekistan, Moscow does not need to force events forward... They have... something ripening, and this should be treated with calm.”
Well, judging by the staggering results of the October visit of President Putin to Uzbekistan, it turns out it has ripened. But what does the expert community think about this? Alexei Kustov, Chief Research Fellow at the Institute of Strategic and Regional Studies under the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan, has agreed to share his opinion on the matter with our readers.
“Yes, indeed, the effective cooperation between Tashkent and Moscow over the past two years has made it possible to make serious achievements in bilateral relations. “Thanks to joint efforts, our partnership has reached a qualitatively new level and is developing dynamically in all directions,” the President of Uzbekistan said at a meeting with Putin.
“However, in my opinion, the meeting held in Tashkent was not just a logical continuation of regular contacts at the highest level. It was something more; as a rule, such a constructive political dialogue, but at the same time sincere one, the one based on mutual trust, contributes to the development of genuinely friendly relations for the longer term. Recognizing this fact, Russian President Vladimir Putin noted the reliability of Uzbekistan as an ally of Russia.”
“Many experts, predicting the substance of the negotiations, placed security issues at the center, where the positions and approaches of the two countries, despite their own interests, still have common points, which are absolutely the same for both Moscow and Tashkent. In other words, both countries ultimately want one thing – peace. In your opinion, did these predictions come true?
“I think they did. Since at the meeting between the Uzbek and Russian leaders, there was a fairly frank exchange of views on the coordination of joint measures to counter terrorism, extremism, and especially among the youth. As President of Uzbekistan Shavkat Mirziyoyev and President of Russia Vladimir Putin noted, enhancing the security partnership based on the principles of mutual trust and account of each other’s interests will help jointly tackle the tasks of countering new challenges and threats in Central Asia. At the same time, both sides expressed confidence that the process of peaceful reconstruction of Afghanistan should be carried out only by the Afghans themselves. The heads of the two states noted positive trends in the development of mutually beneficial and effective regional cooperation in Central Asia.
“By the way, I would like to note that Russian experts also highly appreciated this visit. For example, Andrei Kazantsev, director of the Center for Central Asia and Afghanistan at the MGIMO Institute of International Studies, who believes that within a short period of time both countries made a breakthrough in developing their relations, “Uzbekistan is the central country of the region. In terms of geographical location and population it is the pivotal state. For Russia, it is important to maintain good ties with Uzbekistan. President Shavkat Mirziyoyev, in turn, did a lot to improve the Russian-Uzbek relations.”
“The practical achievements of Tashkent talks have been in the focus of attention of international observers. In their evaluations, the visit brought about a new point of growth in the cooperation between the two states. Do you agree with this argument or do you think that one should not hurry with such conclusions?”
“I believe we can confidently talk about a new growth point today. Judge for yourself: Uzbekistan and Russia reaffirmed a strong commitment to the course taken to increase the volume and diversify the range of commodity turnover, cooperation development among manufacturing enterprises. In particular, at present, Russian investments in Uzbekistan’s economy already exceed $ 8.5 billion.
“Moreover, this year alone, according to economists, the bilateral trade between the two countries will reach $ 6 billion. This figure exceeds the previously designated plans. As President Shavkat Mirziyoyev noted, reaching the level of $ 10 billion is becoming a priority for the coming years. In this regard, Uzbekistan intends to take steps to further increase mutual trade. The total amount of documents signed in the framework of the visit in the trade, economic and investment areas worth $ 27 billion should form a solid foundation for achieving this objective.
“To this end, the presidents of the two states agreed to establish a joint commission at the level of the heads of government of Uzbekistan and Russia. It will be entrusted with coordinating efforts to further increase the volume of bilateral trade, create conditions for expanding mutual export-import operations, especially related to the supply of products with a high degree of processing, as well as to remove customs and non-customs barriers in Uzbek-Russian trade on a mutually beneficial basis.
“The start of the construction of nuclear power plant is the most important project for Uzbekistan, which has made it possible to supplement the strategic ties between the two countries with a new direction...”
“Yes, it is, after all, the opening of this direction in the cooperation with the Russian Federation forms a new cluster, the implementation of which will further develop the industrial potential and create jobs in various sectors of the country’s economy. In essence, this project marks the formation of a high-tech industry in the republic. According to Nabi Ziyadullayev, chief researcher at the Institute of Market Issues of the Russian Academy of Sciences, the President of Uzbekistan Shavkat Mirziyoyev set the task of reviving the nuclear industry in Uzbekistan. “In Soviet times, in Tashkent, the Institute of Nuclear Physics was one of the leading ones. Now Moscow will assist in its restoration.”
“Why was the choice made with Russia?”
“The decision to choose Russia as a partner in this area is not accidental. Rosatom Corporation today ranks first in the world in the number and scale of overseas projects – 34 power units in 12 countries. The atomic energy of the newest generation 3+ units is environmentally friendly. Thus, two NPP power units will ensure the production of inexpensive and environmentally friendly electricity, which will contribute to the energy stability of not only Uzbekistan, but also the entire Central Asian region.
““This is both a useful and very promising area of cooperation,” as Vladimir Putin described the extensive relations at the regional level. We know that Russia has inter-regional formats of interaction with a number of countries and this mechanism has proven itself very well in practice. How, in your opinion, will the Russian-Uzbek Forum of Regions recommend itself?”
“I am sure that it is also very good, and here, the figures speak for themselves: the result of the work of the first Interregional Forum in Tashkent was cooperation projects for more than $ 2 billion. Agreements were reached on opening more than 70 joint ventures in Uzbekistan. At the same time, Rostselmash, KamAZ, Eurocement and other Russian companies are expanding their interaction with Uzbekistan. The Russian company Promtractor agreed with Uzbekistan on the release of tractors and heavy machinery in the republic. The issue of starting the assembly of cars of the Ulyanovsk Automobile Plant in Uzbekistan is also being discussed.
“This result was made possible by the development of relations at the regional level between Uzbekistan and Russia. To date, more than 40 reciprocal visits have already been organized. In particular, in the last two months of this year alone, heads of all regions of our country visited 26 constituent entities of the Russian Federation.
“The establishment of direct interaction of Uzbek companies with Russian regions is of particular importance in the light of the possibilities of strengthening both existing and creating new production chains. Without this, the economies of both countries are largely under-performing the socio-economic bonuses of commodity production. The growing mutual efforts of the two countries to create joint high-tech industries will expand cooperation for the production of marketable products in order to explore third markets.
“Taking into account the importance of this factor, the President of Uzbekistan proposed to hold interregional forums on an annual basis. This will make a significant contribution to strengthening ties between our countries and will play an important role in the development of trade and economic relations.”
“Do you think that, amid the ongoing tectonic changes in economic cooperation, the development of humanitarian ties is of great importance?”
“Yes, indeed, today, more than ever, there is a mutual need in the maximum harmonization and integration of the educational space of Russia and Uzbekistan, which is in the interests of the most complete realization of the intellectual and creative potential of future generations of citizens of our states. The first Uzbek-Russian educational forum “New Specialists for a New Economy” was dedicated to these good goals. The event attracted 80 managers of leading Russian universities. As a result, branches of a number of prominent higher educational institutions of Russia will work in Uzbekistan.
“It is important to emphasize that thanks to the efforts of the leadership of Uzbekistan and the attention paid to all these processes by President Shavkat Mirziyoyev, the possibilities for developing the capacities of the national research infrastructure have increased significantly. A branch of the Moscow Institute of Steel and Alloys was opened in the city of Almalyk to receive high-quality Russian education in Uzbekistan. A branch of the G.Plekhanov Russian Economic University: the university has created a modern educational environment that includes innovative elements of the so-called ‘smart university’ innovation – “smart infrastructure”, which includes electronic library and reading room systems, electronic document management, webinar and conference communication systems.
“According to Gevorg Mirzayan, Associate Professor at the Department of Political Science at the Russian Financial University, the attention paid by the authorities of both countries to this field is not in vain. “Education gives not only knowledge, but forms reasoning, a picture of the world. The more young Uzbeks will be trained by Russian standards and within the framework of Russian reasoning, the deeper they will understand Russia.
In addition to branches of Moscow State University, Russian Economic University, Russian State University of Oil and Gas, successfully operating in the capital of our country, it is planned to open branches of MGIMO, National Research Nuclear University “MIFI”, All-Russian State Institute of Cinematography, Moscow Power Engineering Institute, technological university. This intensification of cooperation in the field of science has made it possible to reach agreement on the implementation of a joint project to create a super-powerful radio telescope on the Suffa Plateau in the Jizzakh region.
“Probably, cultural interaction will replenish with new directions, too?”
“Quite possibly. For the purposes of a worthy celebration in Uzbekistan of the 75th anniversary of the Great Victory, it is planned to develop a special program and create a Victory Park Complex in Tashkent within its framework. Moreover, Uzbekistan is planning to publish a 100-volume collection “Masterpieces of Russian Classics”.
“In addition, it is necessary to note the holding of the first media forum in the history of the Uzbek-Russian relations. This project has helped to significantly expand the Russian public’s awareness of the history and culture of Uzbekistan, improve the qualifications of Uzbek television and radio broadcasting specialists, and in particular, study the experience of leading Russian television and radio companies in the production of information and analytical programs.
“In general, the above examples show the inexhaustible trade and economic, scientific, cultural and humanitarian potential. This was voiced by Alexander Vorobyov, senior researcher at the Center for the Study of the Caucasus, Central Asia and the Volga Region at the Institute of Oriental Studies under the Russian Academy of Sciences. In his opinion, the significance of Uzbekistan for Russia will only increase. “The previously unrealized potential of interaction between Moscow and Tashkent is deepening on all fronts: in economy, security, and, of course, humanitarian ties. This is helped by the fact that cooperation is not limited to any institutional framework, formats, but is based on a bilateral basis. We should expect further enhancement of these complex bonds, since it is beneficial for both Russia and Uzbekistan.”
(Source: «Uzbekistan Today» newspaper)