DAILY NEWS HERALD
DAILY NEWS HERALD #198
Public Relations and Mass Media Department of the MFA
October 9, 2018
the official visit of the President of Uzbekistan to France.. 1
New milestone begins in Uzbek-French relations. 1
Honorary citizens of Samarkand. 3
REGIONS: Jizzakh.. 4
New Success Stories in Projects, New Jobs. 4
Central Asia - the priority of foreign policy of Uzbekistan.. 4
Meeting of Working Groups in Turkmenabad. 4
International relationships. 4
Meeting with German Government’s Special Representative. 4
To Those Indifferent to the Future of the Aral 5
Uzbekistan athletes win Asian Para Games. 7
the official visit of the President of Uzbekistan to France
New milestone begins in Uzbek-French relations
On October 8, 2018, the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan Shavkat Mirziyoyev, at the invitation of the President of the French Republic Emmanuel Macron, arrived in Paris on an official visit.
Officials of France met the President of Uzbekistan at Orly International Airport.
Today the President of Uzbekistan will meet with the Director-General of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization Audrey Azoulay. At the meeting, prospects for expanding cooperation between Uzbekistan and UNESCO will be discussed. It is planned to adopt a joint Action Plan for 2018-2021.
Shavkat Mirziyoyev will also hold meetings with the Chairman of the French Senate and heads of leading companies of this country.
Official events of the visit are scheduled for October 9.
* * *
President of Uzbekistan Shavkat Mirziyoyev met with Director-General of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization Audrey Azoulay, at UNESCO Headquarters in Paris.
At the meeting, Shavkat Mirziyoyev noted the deep symbolism that the official visit to the French Republic began with a meeting at UNESCO, and that Uzbekistan’s cooperation with this organization is consistently developing.
Audrey Azoulay, sincerely welcoming the President of Uzbekistan, emphasized that cooperation with Uzbekistan and in particular the current meeting is very important for UNESCO.
Uzbekistan was twice elected to the Executive Board of the organization. The parties fruitfully cooperate in the sphere of restoration and in-depth study of rich spiritual heritage of Uzbekistan, implement joint projects in the field of culture, education, science and others. Historical and cultural sites in Khiva, Samarkand, Bukhara and Shakhrisabz are included in the UNESCO’s World Heritage List. Bukhara city was awarded the prize of the organization “Cities for Peace”.
The Ichan-Kala complex in Khiva, the historical centers of Samarkand, Bukhara and Shakhrisabz, as well as Chatkal State Biosphere Reserve are included in the UNESCO’s World Heritage List. Baysun cultural heritage “Shoshmaqom”, “Katta ashula”, “Askia”, “Osh”, “Navruz”", atlas and adras production technologies are included in the Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity. The Quran of Othman and the collection of manuscripts of Tashkent State Institute of Oriental Studies are included in the UNESCO’s Memory of the World Register.
Uzbekistan’s cooperation with UNESCO also contributes to preservation, development and popularization of classical Uzbek musical heritage. Thus, under the auspices of UNESCO, Sharq Taronalari International Festival is held every two years in Samarkand. In September this year, the first International Maqom Art Forum was held in Shakhrisabz.
In accordance with a recent resolution of the President of Uzbekistan, a Permanent Mission of the Republic of Uzbekistan to UNESCO has been established.
Cooperation in the field of education is promising. Uzbekistan pursues a policy on formation of physically and spiritually developed individuals, based on “Enlightenment against ignorance” principle.
In September 2017, Shavkat Mirziyoyev initiated the adoption of the UN Convention on the Rights of Youth and the General Assembly Resolution on Enlightenment and Religious Tolerance.
The Director-General supported the initiatives of the President of Uzbekistan on creating under the auspices of UNESCO in Samarkand the International Institute named after Mirzo Ulugbek for creating a culture of peace, tolerance and preventing extremism, creating a Regional center for information and communication technologies in education at Tashkent University of Information Technologies, opening the UNESCO department at Silk Road International Tourism University in Samarkand.
An agreement was reached on holding a regional forum of young scientists of Central Asia in Uzbekistan, as well as the Asian Forum “Information technologies in the service of cultural heritage conservation” in 2019 in Tashkent.
UNESCO Director-General highly appreciated the policy of Uzbekistan on preserving cultural and historical heritage of its people, which is the heritage of all mankind.
At the meeting, the Joint Action Plan was adopted for 2018-2021, aimed at bringing relations to a new level, innovative solution of joint tasks and strengthening cooperation in all areas.
President Shavkat Mirziyoyev left a note in UNESCO’s Book of Honorary Guests.
* * *
The President of the Republic of Uzbekistan Shavkat Mirziyoyev met with the President of the French Senate Gérard Larcher.
The President of Uzbekistan congratulated the President of the Senate on the 60th anniversary of the adoption of the Constitution of the French Republic. He presented him with the first copy of the French Constitution, published in connection with this, in Uzbek and French.
Activation of inter-parliamentary interaction, especially within the framework of friendship groups of the parliaments of the two countries, was noted with deep satisfaction.
Uzbekistan – France relations are developing dynamically in the sphere of inter-parliamentary relations. In 2008, the Inter-Parliamentary Cooperation Group was established at the Senate of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan, and Uzbekistan – France Friendship Group has been operating in the Legislative Chamber of the Oliy Majlis since 2010. In 2008, a cooperation agreement was signed between the Authorized Person of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan for Human Rights (Ombudsman) and the French Defender of Rights.
Cooperation with France covers a wide range of bilateral relations in political, trade-economic and cultural-humanitarian spheres. Special attention is paid to expansion of contacts between business circles and regions of the two countries.
Issues of developing inter-parliamentary relations in specific areas, including through holding events, mutual visits on a regular basis and exchange of experience, were discussed. This will contribute to expansion of mutually beneficial cooperation between the two countries and people.
President of the French Senate highly appreciated the ongoing large-scale reforms and transformations in Uzbekistan on modernization of the economy, increasing the well-being of the population and building strong civil society. Especially noted the conduction by Uzbekistan of constructive regional policy based on the principles of good neighborliness, mutually beneficial cooperation and consideration of the interests of each other.
It was emphasized that the first official visit of the President of Uzbekistan to France will serve to identify new areas of practical cooperation for the long term, including through the parliaments of the two countries.
Gérard Larcher expressed the readiness of the French Senate to further develop inter-parliamentary relations and give them a systemic nature in order to develop comprehensive and fruitful friendship and partnership with Uzbekistan.
The President of Uzbekistan examined the French Senate building.
* * *
The President of the Republic of Uzbekistan Shavkat Mirziyoyev held a meeting with managers of major French companies.
It was attended by the heads of leading companies of the European and world markets, financial structures such as Total, Total Eren, Orano, Fives Stein, Rungis Semmaris, Vinci, Suez, SAD, Idemia, Mercier, Thales Alenia Space, European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, French Development Agency and others.
At the meeting it was noted that in Uzbekistan wide opportunities are being created for foreign investors. Necessary normative-legal acts for stimulating and protecting their activities are adopted. Various obstacles to business development have been eliminated, foreign trade and customs tariff control have been significantly reduced.
Shavkat Mirziyoyev noted that for a direct dialogue with foreign investors, it was decided to establish the Council on Foreign Investments under the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan. Its task is to develop proposals for continuous improvement of the investment climate in Uzbekistan, taking into account the opinions of investors themselves. The President of Uzbekistan invited French investors to actively participate in the activities of the Council.
French businessmen highly appreciated the economic reforms carried out in Uzbekistan under the leadership of Shavkat Mirziyoyev, emphasized that liberalization of the monetary system, simplification of the procedure for obtaining a visa created favorable opportunities for development of mutually beneficial cooperation. This has increased the interest in partnership with Uzbekistan. Evidence of this became the signing on the eve of this visit of agreements on investment projects worth about 5 billion euros.
Issues of further development of partnership between financial organizations and companies of Uzbekistan and France, expansion of mutual deliveries of goods and provision of services were discussed.
The official visit of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan to the French Republic continues.
Honorary citizens of Samarkand
On October 8, the Embassy of the Republic of Uzbekistan in Paris hosted the awarding ceremony of Samarkand city’s honorary citizen titles to the President of the Association of Art and History of Temurids in France Frederique Beaupertuis-Bressand, an eminent historian and archeologist for Central Asia Frantz Grenet, famous French writer Amin Maalouf.
The event was attended by state and public figures of France, members of the delegation from Uzbekistan, representatives of the general public.
At the event, the First Deputy Chairman of the Senate of the Oliy Majlis S.Safoyev solemnly handed diplomas on conferring the title of honorary citizen of the city of Samarkand to public figures of France.
Honorary citizens of Samarkand– It is a great honor for me to become an honorary citizen of Samarkand, which is called the Pearl of the East, – says Frederique Beaupertuis-Bressand. – Such attention calls me to work even more selflessly in the name of developing cultural cooperation between our countries.
It was emphasized that the research of scientists on the study of historical heritage is of great importance in further development of cultural ties between the two countries.
Botirjon Asadov has been appointed Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of the Republic of Uzbekistan to the Russian Federation.
B.Asadov previously worked as the First Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs of Uzbekistan.
(Source: Web site of the MFA of the Republic of Uzbekistan)
New Success Stories in Projects, New Jobs
At a press conference in Jizzakh, participants discussed important aspects of manufacturing industry development in the region and the implementation of an employment program.
At the moment, the province, with a gross regional product of 5.7 trillion soums (currency rates of CB RU from 09.10.2018, 1$= 8181.08 soums), has reached the share of industrial products in this volume at 2.5 trillion soums. As a result of the agreements signed within the framework of the Jizzakh Investment Forum on August 29-30 this year, 25 regional and 14 sector-based projects totaling 1.3 billion US dollars will be implemented in 2018-2019.
In 2018, a total of 26 joint and foreign ventures have been registered in the region thus far, and their total number reached 108. These enterprises hitherto exported products for the amount of $ 6.1 million this year.
The implementation of new investment projects and measures taken to actively attract the population to business constitute an important factor in creating new jobs. Over the past period of this year, 30 job fairs have been held in the region, and 3,776 unemployed people have found their work.
(Source: «Uzbekistan Today» newspaper)
Central Asia - the priority of foreign policy of Uzbekistan
Meeting of Working Groups in Turkmenabad
On October 2-8, 2018, Turkmenabad (Turkmenistan) hosted a regular meeting of working groups of the Joint Uzbekistan – Turkmenistan Intergovernmental Commission on the issues of delimitation and demarcation of the State border between the Republic of Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan.
At the meeting, the results of previously performed joint field topographic-geodetic activities in some areas of Uzbekistan – Turkmenistan state border were considered. The sides also agreed on terms of conducting further field activities.
The meeting was held in friendship and mutual understanding atmosphere.
Following the meeting, a Protocol was signed.
(Source: Web site of the MFA of the Republic of Uzbekistan)
Meeting with German Government’s Special Representative
On October 8, 2018, Special representative of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan for Afghanistan Ismatilla Irgashev met with Markus Potzel, Special representative of the Federal Government of Germany for Afghanistan and Pakistan.
Within the framework of regular Uzbekistan – Germany political consultations, the sides exchanged views on current situation in Afghanistan and peace process prospects in this country.
Main attention was paid to issues of cooperation in implementation of provisions and recommendations of Tashkent Declaration, which was adopted on March 27 at the international conference on Afghanistan, in Tashkent.
The sides also discussed the issue of attracting financial resources for accelerating implementation of projects on construction of Mazar-i-Sharif – Herat railway, Surkhan – Puli-Humri power transmission lines, roads of various length and other infrastructure facilities in Afghanistan.
The importance of German side's participation in educational projects initiated by Uzbekistan, in particular on the basis of Educational center for training Afghan citizens established in Termez, as well as, in creation of International Fund for Supporting Education in Afghanistan, was noted.
(Source: Web site of the MFA of the Republic of Uzbekistan)
To Those Indifferent to the Future of the Aral
Dilshod Bazarov, member of the International Academy of Ecology and Life Safety Sciences, Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor of the Hydraulic and Hydroinformatics Department at the Tashkent Institute of Irrigation and Agricultural Mechanization of Agriculture, believes that Uzbekistan has its own unique approach to solving the problem of water deficit.
- Last week you participated in the academic seminar “How to save the Aral” as its co-organizer. What conclusion did the participants eventually come to with regard to the future of the Aral?
- Yes, we organized the abovementioned event together with the research center “Bilim Karvoni”, with scientists, young specialists, representatives of various international organizations and the public attending the discussions – in a word, all those who are indifferent to the future of the lake, which in the 1950s ranked fourth in size and volume of water among the world’s lakes.
I would like to note that the seminar was designated as a free communication platform. There were no pre-written scripts, the guests participating represented different professions. Each of them asked questions and expressed opinion precisely on the basis of their professional sphere.
In my view, very interesting was the presentation of the associate professor T.Sh.Majidov devoted to the past and present state of the Aral Sea, and forecasts for the future.
Concerning the conclusions on the prospects of the Aral crisis, I would like to note that our planet is a living organism. A person can get sick within a few minutes, and the treatment may take a long period of time. The same can be said about the ‘diseased’ part of the planet. The drying out of the Aral began, as I noted above, from the mid-1950s. This is another natural cycle (during the last millennium the Aral Sea has dried for the fourth time). The drying process accelerated the anthropogenic factor.
The seminar participants came to the conclusion that the Aral must be restored, but this will take some time.
- President Emomali Rahmon, following talks with Shavkat Mirziyoyev, said that Tajikistan will not leave Uzbekistan without water. But water deficit is a problem not only for Uzbekistan, it is a global problem and, probably, there are countries in the world where the issue of water saving has already been resolved. What do you think, whose experience would be useful for us to study?
- Yes, the issue of water supply has a specific character. Water allocation problems exist between the US and Mexico, China, India and Pakistan, Russia and China, Libya and Israel, between many countries in Africa and Asia.
By profession I am a hydraulic engineer, “Construction of hydroelectric power stations and river structures”, so with your permission I can answer from my professional point of view. I think, and maybe even believe in this, we have our own approach and our experience in addressing this problem. Uzbekistan has one of the most complicated irrigation and drainage systems in the world. We have a very powerful scientific school with authoritative scientists, a world-class higher education institution training highly qualified specialists for this branch with a highly equipped material and technical base. There is a production capacity and a very harmoniously developing youth able to successfully solve many of today’s problems. And most importantly, unlike many leaders of countries, the head of our state is a person with industrial experience in solving the problems of the water management complex. I believe that we, the specialists dealing with water issues, are very lucky. We have a person who acts as an example in solving water issues. His example of tolerance, integrity, consistency, efficiency, ability to see the distant future, the ability to feel the needs of ordinary people and put the interests of society much higher than his own deserves high respect. He listens and hears the aspirations of all segments of the population, is aware of the problems in all sectors, is ready to discuss them with the people in order to make fair decisions. This does not require proof, since every resident is a witness of positive transformations taking place in our country.
- Water conservation is the main principle of transition to integrated water resources management and the basis of rational water use. What do you think are the tasks in this direction today in Uzbekistan?
- Based on the experience of holding master classes at the Kazakh-German University on the masters program “Integrated Water Resources Management in Central Asia and Afghanistan”, I can say that in the issues of integrated water resources management, our country occupies a leading place among Central Asian nations, although, probably, even among the states of Middle Asia. Just in case, let me comment on the difference between the terms “Middle Asia” and “Central Asia”.
Central Asia comprises Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan. Middle Asia, in addition to the above listed countries, encompasses also a part of Russian Federation, Iran, Afghanistan and a few other states of Asia. We are carrying out complex of works on the integrated (rational, mutually agreed, complex, consistent) management of water resources. In particular, improvement of the operational state of irrigation systems and edifices, the start of the reconstruction and construction of hydropower stations of various capacities under the scheme 32+42.
32 hydropower stations are expected to be reconstructed and 42 others be built in Uzbekistan by 2025.
I think it is necessary to strengthen the work on improving the efficiency of irrigation systems; it is not a secret that the utility of many channels in the region is below 50%, which indicates about 50% on average of water loss for filtration, discharge, evaporation and surplus – a blank pass, etc.
In addition, it is essential to work out projects aimed at making profit by using water-saving technologies, changing crops that require less water for cultivation (by the way, which is already being done in Uzbekistan).
Besides, concepts aimed at saving the region’s water resources still have to transform into projects. Among them is the concept ‘Aspects of solving the problem of regulation of the upper course of the Amudarya River’ and “Concept for improving the environmental situation in the Aral Sea area with the formation of a supply Aidarkul”.
Several academic reports have already been made on them during international conferences in Tajikistan, Kazakhstan and the Russian Federation. They are also published in scientific journals of national, international and regional levels. Masters dissertations were written at the German-Kazakh University and the Peter the Great St. Petersburg Polytechnic University, their discussion was held during scientific sessions at the International Academy of Ecology and Life Safety Sciences.
The developed concepts can bring concrete benefits to increase the volume of water transported to the Aral Sea. To be sure, the concepts are expensive, but, as noted by my mentors – the great classics of channel hydraulics and hydrotechnical construction of the Russian scientific school, V.M. Lyatcher, A.M. Prudovsky, A.N. Militeev, I.S. Rumyantsev, D.V. Sterenlicht, A.G. Mishuev, T.G. Voynich-Sianozhentsky, B.M. Kizyaev and others: ‘We are not so rich as to choose cheap ways of solving problems’. Deeply thought out, sound designs and methods for addressing many issues of channel hydraulics and hydraulic engineering require serious material costs. As one of the authors of these concepts, I am sure it’s time to start implementing specific solutions to water management problems, not only here, but also in the region as a whole.
- The amount of water demand for each person is individual and can range from a minimum of 10-12 liters a day up to 70-100 liters. Experience has shown that the main cause of overuse of water is its irrational use. How can we address this issue?
- Yes you are right. We have many cases of irrational use of water resources. It seems that separate episodes are not rather significant, but as a result as a whole, the water discharge is very significant. For example, we cool down melons and watermelons by leaving an open water tap. The toilet bowl with a capacity of 9 liters is drained in one descent. Why not in three or six attempts? If we consider that in each apartment there are two or three bathrooms, how much can surplus expenditure be accumulated in one city and the region as a whole? This is a colossal unearmarked expenditure!
There is an old parable: young parents bring a newborn baby to the sage-educator and ask him to bring it up. He asks how old he is. The question takes parents by surprise and they say that the baby is 20 days old. The sage answers: it means you are late with bringing up the child for 20 days proper!
Therefore, we must educate the culture of using water in our children from birth and continue to do this throughout the life of a person. All the more so there is scores of information, including scientific and documentary films, about water problems in the world, military conflicts between countries over water. I can say that it is better to learn from other people’s mistakes than on your own.
(Source: «Uzbekistan Today» newspaper)
Uzbekistan athletes win Asian Para Games
III Asian Para Games kicks off in the Indonesian city of Jakarta.
About 3 thousand Paralympians from 43 Asian countries are participating in championships in 18 sports. Uzbekistan national team is participating in the Asian Para Games for the first time with 54 athletes who will represent the country in such sports, as powerlifting, judo, shooting, swimming and athletics.
The first day of championships became successful for Uzbekistan athletes.
In men's freestyle swimming in S13 classification, Dmitry Horlin finished first in 400m freestyle and won a gold medal. Another athlete from Uzbekistan Islam Aslanov became a silver medalist.
In women’s championships, Shokhsanam Toshpulatova won a gold medal. While Fotima Amilova got silver.