DAILY NEWS HERALD
DAILY NEWS HERALD #195
Public Relations and Mass Media Department of the MFA
October 4, 2018
Issues of further development of electric power industry are considered. 1
President ratifies three international agreements. 2
BUSINESS CLIMATE.. 3
To Help Entrepreneurs. 3
International relationships. 4
Address of Permanent Representative of the Republic of Uzbekistan to the United Nations Bakhtiyor Ibragimov at the General Debates of the 73rd Session of the UN General Assembly. 4
Investment cooperation enriches with new agreements. 7
Louvre Museum experts pay visit to Uzbekistan. 7
Issues of further development of electric power industry are considered
On October 3, 2018, the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan Shavkat Mirziyoyev held a meeting on in-depth analysis of the state of affairs in electric power industry, identifying additional measures for further development of the sphere.
– Electric power industry is the engine of the economy, it is impossible to imagine socio-economic development, our life as a whole, without it, – said Shavkat Mirziyoyev. – Our country has the capacity to generate 14 thousand megawatts of energy, 86 percent of which fall on thermal power stations.
However, 84 percent of thermal power stations’ capacity were put into operation almost half a century ago, the existing capacity is loaded by 83 percent.
If 240-260 grams of fuel is consumed to produce 1 kilowatt of electricity in developed countries, then at some stations of our country fuel is consumed twice as much.
As a result of economic sectors development of the country, the need for electricity by 2030 will reach 20 thousand megawatts.
Electricity in Uzbekistan is produced mainly by flaring natural gas. By 2030, the volume of gas flaring will increase even more, which, in conditions of limited resource, would mean wasting a huge amount of this non-renewable energy source.
– Commissioning of a nuclear power station will become a revolutionary solution in reducing fuel consumption, but it will take another 8-10 years. Therefore, it is necessary to quickly eliminate the existing problems and drastically develop the industry, the most important thing, to ensure noticeable positive changes in this system in a short time, – the President said.
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At the meeting, which was held by President Shavkat Mirziyoyev on October 3, tasks were identified on the required measures for creating additional capacity to generate 12.5 thousand megawatts by 2030, in particular, for construction of combined-cycle plants, a nuclear power station, hydroelectric power stations, modernization of existing facilities, upgrading power units of Syrdarya, Tashkent, Navoi, Takhiatash thermal power stations, as well as introduction of public-private partnership mechanisms in the industry.
The State Committee for Investments and Uzbekenergo JSC were given instructions on taking measures for building steam and gas turbine installations with a capacity of 3.9 thousand megawatts, coal-fired thermal power stations, solar and wind power stations in the city of Angren and Surkhandarya region.
Relevant tasks on accelerating the construction of new facilities for electricity generation were defined.
In this regard, it was indicated that starting from the next year, 15 percent of funds received from the sale of electricity should be allocated to finance investment projects and repay loans.
The Ministry of Finance, the State Committee for Investments and Uzbekenergo JSC were instructed to identify sources of financing projects.
– Implementation of modernization and reconstruction tasks in the system requires involvement of private sector in the sphere on the basis of public-private partnership. However, the necessary normative-legal framework and technical infrastructure are not ready. For example, the issue of electric power reception in the electric power system produced by private enterprises is still not resolved. Thus, 60 percent of electricity in Turkey and 20 percent in South Korea are produced by private enterprises, – the President said.
The Ministries of Economy and Finance, the State Committee for Assistance to Privatized Enterprises and Development of Competition and Uzbekenergo JSC have been instructed to attract private sector to the industry based on conclusions of international experts, as well as ensure development of legal, institutional, technological foundations of public-private partnership mechanism.
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Particular attention at the meeting, devoted to in-depth analysis of the state of affairs in electric power industry, was paid to the fact that the share of networks with a usage period of more than 30 years is 62 percent, 57 percent of lines on distribution networks and 39,6 thousand transformer units need to be updated.
In accordance with the program, designed for 2017-2021, this year it is required to modernize 34 thousand kilometers of power lines and 7 thousand transformer units, in 2019 – 7 thousand kilometers of lines and 2 thousand transformers.
Uzbekistan Reconstruction and Development Fund, the Ministries of Finance and Economy, Uzbekenergo JSC were instructed to provide sources of stable financing defined in the program of measures.
Instructions were given on taking appropriate measures for strengthening financial capacity of Uzbekenergo JSC to fulfill its investment obligations. The issue of providing Uzbekenergo JSC the references in the form of a three-year extension of main debt payment to the Reconstruction and Development Fund in 2019-2021 was also considered.
The need for further improving the efficiency of debt collection for supplied electricity was noted. It was indicated that the Enforcement Bureau should further improve the effectiveness of measures taken on reducing debt for electricity.
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At the meeting, which was held by President Shavkat Mirziyoyev on October 3, the delay in implementation of automated energy accounting system was criticized.
Thus, as a result of revision of contract cost, concluded with a foreign company on introduction of this system in Bukhara, Jizzakh and Samarkand regions, implementation of relevant work is delayed by 15 months from the date specified in the approved schedule.
It was noted that Uzbekenergo JSC and the State Committee for Investments should accelerate activities on connection to automated system of 1.4 million consumers in Bukhara, Jizzakh and Samarkand regions.
Instructions were given on implementation of automated system in other regions in 2019-2021 through Asian Development Bank loans, creation of a single automated system management center, and installation of 5.6 million modern electricity meters in the next three years.
The President instructed responsible persons to establish provision of transit services to the energy systems of neighboring countries, conduct appropriate negotiations, develop a roadmap for effective use of transit and export potential of the country.
It was noted that the use of modern technologies in creation of new power generating capacity, wide introduction of renewable energy sources should become main objectives of Uzbekenergo JSC.
The need for radical improvement of domestic electric power industry was noted at the meeting. Important tasks for accelerated development of industry were defined.
President ratifies three international agreements
President of Uzbekistan Shavkat Mirziyoyev signed three laws on ratification of international documents.
In particular, the head of Uzbekistan signed the law “On ratification of the Paris Agreement (Paris, 12 December 2015)”.
The Paris Climate Agreement was adopted on December 12, 2015 following the 21st Conference of the Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) in Paris. The climate agreement developed in Paris for the first time in history united the efforts of all world powers to contain climate change.
Shavkat Mirziyoyev also approved the law “On ratification of the Amendment to the Charter of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation (Abidjan, 10–11 July 2017)”.
The law “On ratification of the Charter and the Rules of Procedure of the Institute of Standards and Metrology of Islamic Countries (Istanbul, 7 November 1999 with amendments from 7 May 2017)” was also signed.
To Help Entrepreneurs
A commission and a regional group for the support and development of entrepreneurship have been formed in Ferghana region.
Promoting free enterprise and ensuring its legal protection is one of the key pillars of economic reforms in Uzbekistan. A great deal of efforts are undertaken to extensively engage business entities in the process of social and economic development in the regions, securing the timely implementation of entrepreneurial initiatives and projects, as well as efficient and rational use of untapped facilities, land and other infrastructure.
The Ferghana regional group composed of representatives of responsible organizations has developed specific measures aimed at studying and practically solving problems on the ground, promoting the realization of promosing projects by business entities.
“The local group formed in accordance with the resolution of the President of Uzbekistan on measures to organize the accelerated implementation of entrepreneurial initiatives and projects in the regions, signed 11 September 2018, received 42 appeals, 22 of which were resolved positively,” said Azizbek Abdukholikov, member of the working group, inspector of the department of the regional customs administration. “The rest of the appeals were forwarded to corresponding ministries and government agencies for consideration and decision at the national level.”
Thanks to the group’s support 6 young entrepreneurs, who had been unreasonably waiting for funds provided on the basis of the national program Yoshlar – Kelajagimiz, received loans totaling 1.2 billion soums (currency rates of CB RU from 04.10.2018, 1$= 8179.66 soums). In addition, 12 appeals by businesspeople were examined and solved at the premises; they had asked for practical assistance in getting their sites connected to gas, electricity and sewage networks.
“I want to open a non-state preschool educational institution with a sports focus,” the entrepreneur Shahnoza Madaliyeva says. “However, under various pretexts, I haven’t been granted a loan. I pointed this issue to the regional group for the support and development of entrepreneurship, which positively solved the problem.”
The working group held negotiations with the Belarusian company, Brestmyasomolprom Concern, to promote exports of agricultural products grown in the region.
In addition, on-site dialogues are organized with businesspeople. The proposals on addressing outstanding issues related to entrepreneurial activity, implementation of initiatives and promising projects are being studied. Measures are taken to conduct fruitful talks and meetings with potential investors.
In the meantime, 6,250 unused buildings and structures were identified in the region, 223 of them are included in a special program for online trading.
(Source: «Uzbekistan Today» newspaper)
Address of Permanent Representative of the Republic of Uzbekistan to the United Nations Bakhtiyor Ibragimov at the General Debates of the 73rd Session of the UN General Assembly
(New York, October 1, 2018)
Let me express my sincere gratitude for the opportunity to address from this high podium today.
I would like to congratulate Her Excellency María Fernanda Espinosa Garcés with her election as the President of the 73rd session of the United Nations General Assembly.
Today the Republic of Uzbekistan is on an important stage of radical and dynamic transformations.
Their goal – strengthening and further developing a democratic law-governed state with an open and socially-oriented market economy and vibrant civil society, in which the main value are rights, freedom and legal interests of individual.
At the initiative of President of the Republic of Uzbekistan Shavkat Mirziyoyev we adopted a five-year Strategy of Actions, aimed at fundamental changes in the economy, state governance, legal and social spheres, in the area of security, in ensuring interethnic and inter-confessional peace and harmony.
A principle “the people should not serve the state bodies, rather the state bodies should serve the people” has become a cornerstone of the main program of democratic reforms.
Elevating the role of parliament and political parties, increasing accountability of the executive branch and transparency in its activity, strengthening institutes of public control and development of the civil society have become practical embodiment of the constitutional principle “the people are the sole-source of state power”.
We are taking significant steps on streamlining the national system of protection of human rights and freedom, strengthening independence of the judicial system. The use of child and forced labor has been ceased. The recommendations of the UN Human Rights Council, treaty bodies, UN High Commissioner on Human Rights and Special Rapporteur on Freedom of Religion or Belief are being coherently implemented.
We’ve also carried out large scale measures on liberalization of economy, creating conditions for free entrepreneurship, ensuring inviolability of private property, improving investment climate. Free convertibility of national currency has been introduced, access to bank credits has been expanded, and tax and custom reforms have been carried out.
According to the World Bank Report – Doing Business 2018, Uzbekistan was among the ten leading countries that created favorable conditions for doing business.
As a result, today Uzbekistan has acquired an image of a comprehensively renewed, open and dynamically developing country. The chosen course of resolute reforms has become irreversible and it enjoys the broad support of the people of the country.
Today we are witnessing an unprecedented process of formation of a new alignment of power on global and regional levels. Rethinking the principles of international politics and economy, which until recently seemed to be unshakable, is underway. The world is becoming less predictable and unstable. The strength of effectiveness of multilateral institutions and mechanisms, designed to ensure international security, has been put under test.
In this regard, it is crucial to strengthen the central role of the United Nations in international relations, especially in supporting of the three pillars of the Organization, i.e. efforts on ensuring peace, security and sustainable development of countries and regions as well as the protection of human rights. Uzbekistan supports steps taken by the leadership of the United Nations on streamlining the governing system of the Organization as well as it calls for gradual reforming its organs, including the Security Council taking into account today’s realities and challenges.
In addition, we are ready to actively participate in UN efforts on promoting comprehensive peace, stability and development on the basis of respecting for human rights and freedom, democratization and the rule of law. In this regard, Uzbekistan has for the first time nominated its candidacy to the United Nations Human Rights Council for the period of 2021-2023.
We sincerely hope that our achievements in the area of human rights will become a solid basis for the support of Uzbekistan’s candidacy by the UN member-states.
We also count on the support of UN member-states of the initiative of the President of Uzbekistan to develop and adopt a UN Convention “On the rights of youth” and a General Assembly resolution entitled “Enlightenment and Religious Tolerance”. These documents would facilitate effectively countering threats of terrorism and ideology of radicalism by solving vital social-economic problems of the youth, providing them with an access to quality education and enlightenment in the spirit of tolerance, humanism and openness.
Uzbekistan has already begun advancing these initiatives. In June, 2018 jointly with foreign partners we held an international conference “On the role of youth in confronting religious extremism and terrorism”. At the end of the Forum the participants adopted the Samarkand Declaration.
In 2018 the world community celebrates the 70th Anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
In this regard, the President of Uzbekistan has signed a Decree on the Program of events dedicated to this occasion. We have adopted a special State Program for promoting the essence and significance of this first universal document on human rights as well as for streamlining domestic legislation on human rights, law enforcement practice, and for Uzbekistan’s accession to new international treaties.
Uzbekistan has also made a voluntary contribution to the budget of the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights in the amount of 100 000 US dollars.
Currently, we are also taking an initiative of convening an Asian International Forum on human rights on November 22-23, 2018 as the final event of our targeted practical work. The Forum will take place in Samarkand City, which, as per a definition of UNESCO, is a “crossroad” of many world cultures.
Central Asia remains as a main foreign policy priority of Uzbekistan.
Today the situation in this region differs from the one we had not long ago. Thanks to joint efforts of the countries of the region, within a short period of time in Central Asia we’ve created a fundamentally new political atmosphere, raised the level of political trust, strengthened traditionally friendly and good neighborly relations among ourselves.
The important outcome of all of this work is the significant progress in resolving such acute issues as demarcation of borders, management of the water resources, and joint use of transport communications. One should note that these very issues have not only remained unresolved for an extended period of time but were also sources of regional tension.
The agreements with neighboring countries allowed to open dozens of checkpoints on the borders of Uzbekistan and liberalized the visa regime. Uzbekistan’s trade turnover with the states of the region increased by 20% in 2017, and by 50% - during the first six months of the current year.
In the near future, at the initiative of Uzbekistan, we are planning to convene a Regional Economic Forum, which should serve as a permanently functioning platform for representatives of business-community to discuss regional projects in the field of trade-economic, investment and innovative cooperation.
The first Consultative meeting of the Heads of State of the Central Asian countries held last March in Astana, became the bright symbol of a new era of regional cooperation. The next forum will take place in March, 2019 in Tashkent.
Most importantly – we are now more convinced that we are united not only by our one past, but by our common future.
The high level of regional interaction in Central Asia receives broad international support. In this regard, I would like to express our sincere gratitude to all our partners and friends who have recently rendered assistance in the preparation and adoption of a historically important resolution of the UN General Assembly entitled “Strengthening regional and international cooperation in ensuring peace, stability and sustainable development in the Central Asian region”.
No doubt that this UN document acknowledges the formation of Central Asia as a single consolidated region, the countries of which (and I would like to put special emphasis on this) are capable by joint efforts to solve common regional problems, to ensure prosperity, well-being and worthy future for their population of 70 million.
The sustainable development of Central Asia stipulates maintaining ecological equilibrium in the region which directly depends on the mitigation of the consequences of the drying up of the Aral Sea.
For the past several years Uzbekistan has implemented a number of large scale projects in the Aral Sea zone.
Uzbekistan has initiated the establishment of the Multi-Partner Human Security Trust Fund for the Aral Sea Region, which was supported by the United Nations. President of Uzbekistan Shavkat Mirziyoyev during his address at the 72nd session of the United Nations General Assembly last year and at the Summit of the International Fund for Saving the Aral Sea, held on August 24 this year in Turkmenistan, again reminded about this initiative.
The establishment under the auspices of the United Nations of this Multi-Partner Human Security Trust Fund for the Aral Sea Region is an attempt to highlight major risks that pose threats to the most vulnerable population, and also opens a new level of dialogue aimed at comprehensive and human based solutions which focus on the real needs of people, taking into account existing risks and challenges.
We hope for an overall support of the United Nations of this initiative taken by Uzbekistan.
When we speak about Central Asia, we can’t help but to mention Afghanistan – the country which we consider a historical part of the single cultural-civilizational space of our region.
Stable Afghanistan is a prerequisite for the sustainable development of Central Asia as a whole.
Recently Uzbekistan has notably expanded its bilateral relations with Afghanistan, actively joined multilateral efforts on resolving the Afghan problem and is making real contribution to restoring the country’s economy as well as to developing close trade-economic and transport-communication ties.
In March of the current year in Tashkent we convened the Conference on Afghanistan. As President of Uzbekistan Shavkat Mirziyoyev stated during his address at the Conference, and I quote, “we are ready, at any stage of the peace process, to create all necessary conditions for organizing on the territory of Uzbekistan direct negotiations between the Government of Afghanistan and the Taliban Movement” (end of quote).
The unanimous adoption of the Tashkent Declaration has become the main outcome of the Forum. It reinforced a firm consensus on the regional and global levels on the necessity of the earliest launch of the direct negotiations between the Government of Afghanistan and the Taliban Movement without any preliminary conditions.
We are convinced that the readiness of the confronting parties to mutual negotiations in the name of vital interests of the multinational Afghan people would become a solid basis for advancing peace process in this country.
In Uzbekistan, we fully understand that the success of the large scale program of the democratic transformations, outlined in the current Strategy of Actions, as well as of our foreign policy initiatives, aimed at facilitating international peace and stability, will to a large extent depend on the support of our friends and partners, and the international community as a whole.
Therefore, Uzbekistan is open for a broad international dialogue. We are sincerely interested in Uzbekistan’s further integration into global political and economic ties, developing constructive and mutually beneficial cooperation with all interested countries.
Thank you for your attention.
(Source: Web site of the MFA of the Republic of Uzbekistan)
Investment cooperation enriches with new agreements
Tashkent hosted Uzbekistan – UAE business forum within the framework of the visit to Uzbekistan of the delegation led by Deputy Chairman of Abu Dhabi Chamber of Commerce and Industry Ibrahim Al Mahmoud.
The event, organized by the State Committee for Investment with the assistance of the Embassy of Uzbekistan in the UAE and the Consulate General in Dubai, was attended by the heads of several ministries and agencies of Uzbekistan, representatives of regional khokimiyats and leading companies such as Uzbekenergo, Uzbekneftegaz, Uzqurilishmateriallari, Uzeltechsanoat, Uzbekoziqovqatholding, Uzagrotechsanoat holding.
At the business forum, agreements were concluded in such areas as construction (shopping centers and hotels), alternative energy (wind and solar electric power plants). An agreement was also signed on organization by Uzbekistan and the UAE of a direct investment fund for 1 billion USD.
B2B meetings were held within the framework of the event.
Louvre Museum experts pay visit to Uzbekistan
A group of French specialists from the world famous Louvre Museum, led by the director of the department of Islamic art of the museum, Yanik Linz, is on a working visit to Uzbekistan from 19 to 28 September.
Also, the delegation includes the director of the French-Uzbek archaeological mission in Bukhara, archaeologist of the department of Islamic art of the Louvre Rocco Rante and experts-restorers Anna Ligei, Christina Pariselle, Dolphin Elie Lefevre, Geraldi Fray.
The main purpose of the visit is to conduct research in cooperation with experts from Uzbekistan, to provide scientific analysis and draw up an expert conclusion on the status of exhibits previously selected in museums of Uzbekistan for exhibiting at the exhibition "Civilizations and Culture on the Silk Road", which will be held at the Louvre in 2021 .
This is the second visit of the French delegation on the holding of the exhibition; The first visit took place in May 2018. French experts on the restoration and conservation of museum exhibits are carrying out systematic work on the study of cultural heritage items of Uzbekistan. Experts conduct their research in leading museums and research institutes in Uzbekistan.
In particular, during the visit, the experts visited the State Museum of History of Uzbekistan, the State Museum of Arts of Uzbekistan, the Oriental Studies Institute, the Institute of Art Studies of the Academy of Sciences of Uzbekistan, the Museum of History of Samarkand "Afrosiab", the Institute of Archeology, Samarkand State Historical, Architectural and Art Museum-Reserve, Bukhara State Architectural and Art Museum-Reserve, Museum of History of Pikend Site, Termez Archaeological Museum, Museum of the Holy Quran in Muji Muborak Madrassah under the Administration of Muslims of Uzbekistan, Museum of the Agency for Precious metals at the Central Bank of the Republic of Uzbekistan.
Also, French archaeologist Geraldi Fray, in order to study the collection, is scheduled to visit the Karakalpak Scientific Research Institute of the Humanities.
Within the framework of the preparation for the exhibition, French and Uzbek scientists and art historians carry out a large-scale work on the selection and study of the preliminary list of exhibits that most fully reflect the ancient and medieval culture of the states that existed on the territory of modern Uzbekistan. Based on the results of the joint study, an expert opinion will be given on each selected exhibit and a single list of works of art is drawn up for exhibiting at the exhibition in the Louvre.
Gayane Umerova, Deputy Executive Director of the Foundation, speaking about the visit of French specialists, said: “The exhibition of the cultural heritage of Uzbekistan in the Museum of the Louvre is a unique opportunity to demonstrate the rich heritage of our country to the world. The Foundation, together with the Louvre, works with the French side on the creation in Uzbekistan of a mobile laboratory for the conservation and restoration of museum exhibits, as well as the organization together with the school “Ecole de Louvre” a series of lectures and practical seminars on the professional development of museum specialists and art critics”.