DAILY NEWS HERALD
DAILY NEWS HERALD #193
Public Relations and Mass Media Department of the MFA
October 2, 2018
A STATE VISIT OF THE PRESIDENT OF UZBEKISTAN TO INDIA.. 1
A new stage of relations based on historical commonality. 1
Uzbek-Indian strategic partnership reaches a qualitatively new, higher level 2
Joint Statement of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan Mr. Shavkat Mirziyoyev and the Prime Minister of the Republic of India Mr. Narendra Modi 4
Culture Heritage: Path to Dialogue between Nations. 8
The South Korean Rooper Teikom plans to launch the production of electric cars in Asaka. 8
Human rights: policy priority. 9
A STATE VISIT OF THE PRESIDENT OF UZBEKISTAN TO INDIA
A new stage of relations based on historical commonality
On September 30, 2018, the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan Shavkat Mirziyoyev, at the invitation of the President of the Republic of India Ram Nath Kovind, departed for India.
As previously reported, at the meetings and negotiations with President Ram Nath Kovind, the Prime Minister Narendra Modi and other leaders of India, it is planned to consider concrete ways of further deepening interstate cooperation, exchange views on key issues of the regional and international agenda.
The President of Uzbekistan will meet with heads of leading Indian companies in the city of New Delhi to discuss practical aspects of developing bilateral relations in trade-economic and investment fields, including proposals for establishment of Uzbekistan – India Business Council.
Within the framework of the visit, the delegation of Uzbekistan will also visit the ancient capital of India – the city of Agra, one of the universally recognized sights of which is the majestic Taj Mahal mausoleum.
Following the visit, it is planned to adopt a Joint Statement by the President of Uzbekistan and the Prime Minister of India, to sign intergovernmental and interdepartmental agreements, documents between the regions and institutions of the two countries that strengthen and develop the legal framework for bringing Uzbekistan – India relations to a qualitatively new level.
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On September 30, the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan Shavkat Mirziyoyev, at the invitation of the President of the Republic of India Ram Nath Kovind, arrived in India with a state visit.
The President of Uzbekistan visited the city of Agra. A solemn meeting of Uzbekistan delegation took place at the airport.
President Shavkat Mirziyoyev will visit the world-famous architectural monument – the Taj Mahal.
The main events of the state visit will be held on October 1, in New Delhi.
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On September 30, Shavkat Mirziyoyev and his spouse visited Taj Mahal complex in Agra.
Taj Mahal, one of the 7 Wonders of the World, was built between 1632 and 1653 at the behest of Shah Jahan. The construction, which is the heritage of the Baburid dynasty, testifies to the common history of Uzbek and Indian people, a solid foundation for close bilateral relations.
As it is known, majestic mausoleums, palaces, fortresses and cities were built in India by Zahiriddin Muhammad Babur and his descendants, trade, science, culture and architecture flourished under their patronage. Taj Mahal is an ivory-white marble mausoleum on the south bank of Yamuna river in the Indian city of Agra.
The complex represents the finest architectural and artistic achievement through perfect harmony and excellent craftsmanship in a whole range of Indo-Islamic architecture. The world-famous architectural monument is visited annually by almost 5 million visitors, making it the most visited monument in India. The Taj Mahal was designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1983.
Surahs from the Quran were read during the visit to the mausoleum.
In conversation with officials of India, President Shavkat Mirziyoyev noted that Uzbekistan also has many historical monuments and shrines, it is necessary to expand the tourist exchange between the two countries.
Shavkat Mirziyoyev left a note in the Book of honored guests of the complex.
The Head of the state departed for New Delhi.
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Shavkat Mirziyoyev arrives in New Delhi. Government officials of the Republic of India met the President of Uzbekistan at Palam airport according to Indian hospitality traditions.
The delegation of Uzbekistan left for the residence allocated for them.
Large-scale preparation activity is carried out in India for the visit of the President of Uzbekistan.
During the visit, it is planned to hold meetings and negotiations with President of India Ram Nath Kovind, the Prime Minister Narendra Modi and other leaders of India.
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The President of the Republic of Uzbekistan Shavkat Mirziyoyev held a meeting with heads of leading Indian companies at the residence allocated for Uzbekistan delegation.
The meeting was attended by Minister of State for External Affairs of India Shri Mobashar Jawed Akbar, Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of India to Uzbekistan Vinod Kumar, Director General of the Confederation of Indian Industry Chandrajit Banerjee, as well as heads of such leading companies as Apollo Hospitals Enterprise Ltd, ONGC Videsh Ltd, Sun Group, Indorama Corporation, Hero Enterprise Ltd, Cadila Pharmaceuticals Ltd, Lakshmi Machine Works Ltd.
At the meeting it was noted that large-scale reforms implemented in Uzbekistan contribute to creation of favorable conditions for business of foreign investors.
Indian businessmen noted that the increasingly improving business environment and investment climate in Uzbekistan arouse great interest among them in expanding cooperation and implementing joint high-tech projects.
The business forum that took place on the eve of the visit to New Delhi served as an effective platform for establishing partnership between the business circles of the two countries. Issues of development of bilateral relations in trade, economic and investment spheres, in particular, establishment of Uzbekistan – India Business Council were discussed at the forum.
The main events of the visit will be held on October 1. President Shavkat Mirziyoyev will hold a number of meetings and negotiations with President of the Republic of India Ram Nath Kovind, the Prime Minister Narendra Modi and other leaders of this country.
Following the visit, it is planned to adopt a Joint Statement of the President of Uzbekistan and the Prime Minister of India, to sign interstate, intergovernmental and interdepartmental documents, agreements between the regions and institutions of the two countries that strengthen and expand the legal basis for bringing Uzbekistan – India relations to a qualitatively new level.
Uzbek-Indian strategic partnership reaches a qualitatively new, higher level
On October 1, 2018, the ceremony of the official meeting of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan Shavkat Mirziyoyev took place at the palace of the President of India “Rashtrapati Bhavan”.
A guard of honor was lined up in honor of the distinguished guest. National anthems of Uzbekistan and India have sounded. President of Uzbekistan passed the guard of honor.
President Shavkat Mirziyoyev briefed the mass media of Uzbekistan and India.
President of Uzbekistan expressed gratitude to the President and the Prime Minister of India for the invitation and noted that people of the two countries are linked by historical ties and similar traditions.
Today, India is a global power with one of the world’s leading economies. The country is rapidly developing, acquiring a new look. We highly appreciate the current dynamics of Uzbekistan – India relations, which have intensified as a result of our high-level meetings. I am sure that this visit and our fruitful negotiations will bring our strategic partnership to a new level, said the President of Uzbekistan.
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After the official welcoming ceremony, President Shavkat Mirziyoyev visited the Raj Ghat memorial in New Delhi and laid a wreath at the eternal flame in memory of the national hero of India’s people, Mahatma Gandhi.
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was an eminent freedom activist and an influential political leader who played a dominant role in India’s struggle for independence. He became the leader of the nationalist movement against the British rule of India. Mahatma Gandhi’s birthday, October 2, is celebrated every year as a national holiday in the country.
This memorial complex was built as an expression of respect for his services to people of India.
Shavkat Mirziyoyev laid flowers at the memorial complex of the great state and political figure, paid a tribute to his bright memory.
The Head of the state left a note in the Book of honored guests of the complex.
* * *
The President of the Republic of Uzbekistan Shavkat Mirziyoyev arrived in Hyderabad House of the Prime Minister of the Republic of India Narendra Modi. The Head of the state held a meeting with the Prime Minister of India.
As it was noted at the meeting, Uzbek and Indian people’s history is common and solid foundation of relations is created between the two countries. The Joint Declaration on Strategic Partnership, signed in May 2011, contributes to further develop mutually beneficial cooperation.
Uzbekistan and India support each other’s initiatives on the international arena, including within the framework of the UN and the SCO. Positions of the parties on relevant regional and international issues are also similar.
Issues of development of cooperation between Uzbekistan and India in political, economic, investment, cultural-humanitarian and other spheres were discussed at the meeting. Views were exchanged on the international and regional agenda.
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President Shavkat Mirziyoyev and Prime Minister of India Narendra Modi continued negotiations in an extended format.
This has been reported by the Press Service of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan.
India is one of the most populous countries with huge economic opportunities and developed industry. It is in the sixth place in terms of gross domestic product. It takes the leading positions in innovations, high technologies, programming, healthcare and services. India’s experience and technologies are important for Uzbekistan, which pays great attention to development of these spheres. Dynamically developing, and supporting investors Uzbekistan is a promising partner for India.
New opportunities for bilateral cooperation in trade-economic, investment, high technologies, medicine, pharmaceuticals, tourism and other spheres were discussed during the negotiations.
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Documents exchange ceremony took place following the high-level Uzbekistan – India negotiations.
Joint Statement of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan Shavkat Mirziyoyev and the Prime Minister of the Republic of India Narendra Modi was adopted.
During the visit, 20 documents were signed on development of cooperation in tourism, pharmaceuticals, science, technologies and innovations, justice, healthcare and medical science, agriculture, using outer space for peaceful purposes and other areas.
Agreements signed on establishing Uzbekistan – India Business Council, cooperation between Andijan region and Gujarat state, the cities of Samarkand and Agra, organization of a free pharmaceutical zone in Andijan city are of particular importance.
At the meeting with the mass media representatives, Shavkat Mirziyoyev and Narendra Modi noted that the negotiations were held in the spirit of mutual understanding and respect, concrete results have been achieved on the discussed issues, the reached agreements will serve to bring cooperation between Uzbekistan and India to a new, historic stage.
The state visit of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan to the Republic of India continues.
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The President of the Republic of Uzbekistan Shavkat Mirziyoyev received the External Affairs Minister of the Republic of India Sushma Swaraj, at the residence allocated for him in New Delhi.
The President of Uzbekistan noted with deep satisfaction the dynamic development of friendship and strategic partnership between Uzbekistan and India.
Meetings held this year, and delegations’ exchange that serve to further strengthen interstate cooperation was highly appreciated.
The Head of the state noted the great merit of Sushma Swaraj in this promising high-level visit. The President emphasized that the high-level meetings will serve to open a new chapter in Uzbekistan – India relations based on historical ties of centuries-old friendship and bring bilateral cooperation to a higher level.
At the meeting attention was paid to issues of further expansion of cooperation between the two countries in trade-economic, scientific-technical, investment, innovation and cultural-humanitarian spheres.
The sides exchanged views on current issues of international and regional agenda of mutual interest to be discussed at the highest level negotiations.
The state visit of the President of Uzbekistan to India continues.
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The President of the Republic of Uzbekistan Shavkat Mirziyoyev received the Vice President of the Republic of India, Rajya Sabha (Parliament of India) Chairman Venkaiah Naidu, at the residence allocated for him in New Delhi, the Press Service of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan reports.
Various aspects of bilateral relations development, strengthening legal bases of cooperation between the two countries were discussed at the meeting.
* * *
The President of the Republic of Uzbekistan Shavkat Mirziyoyev met with the President of the Republic of India Ram Nath Kovind at Rashtrapati Bhavan palace.
Joint Statement of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan Mr. Shavkat Mirziyoyev and the Prime Minister of the Republic of India Mr. Narendra Modi
(30 September -1 October 2018)
At the invitation of the President of the Republic of India H.E. Mr. Ram Nath Kovind, the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan H.E. Mr. Shavkat Mirziyoyev paid a State visit to the Republic of Uzbekistan on 30 September-1 October 2018.
The President of the Republic of Uzbekistan and the Prime Minister of India held friendly, substantive and constructive discussions on further expanding Uzbekistan-India strategic partnership. They agreed to further deepening mutually beneficial bilateral cooperation, and discussed international and regional issues of mutual interest.
The Republic of Uzbekistan and the Republic of India reaffirmed their interest in expanding and further strengthening long-term cooperation between India and Uzbekistan, covering diverse sectors such as political ties, defence, security, counter-terrorism, trade and investment, science and technology, space, nuclear energy, Information Technology, as well as cultural and academic linkages. Noting that stronger cooperation between India and Uzbekistan contributed to the mutual benefit of the people of both countries and enhanced regional stability and prosperity, the Sides stated the following:
1. Welcoming the first ever visit by President Shavkat Mirziyoyev to India, Prime Minister Narendra Modi emphasized that a strong strategic partnership between India and Uzbekistan is vital to India’s engagement with Central Asia.
2. The President of the Republic of Uzbekistan and the Prime Minister of India recalled their earlier meetings and noted the recent exchanges of visits and forward movement in the bilateral relationship. They stressed that this visit of the President of Uzbekistan to India is an indicator of the new positive dynamics in the relations between India and Uzbekistan, the beginning of which was laid during the meeting between the two leaders in the Framework of the Summit of the Heads of member-states of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization in Astana on June 9, 2017.
3. The Sides expressed their firm intention to support the process of intensifying ties between the two countries based on the historical and cultural closeness of the people of India and Uzbekistan, their mutual interest in cooperation as well as giving them a multi-faceted and long-term character.
4. The Indian side welcomed the new political atmosphere in Central Asia, characterized by the intensification of a high-level dialogue between states, the strengthening of mutual understanding, trust and good-neighborliness, as well as closer economic and cultural-humanitarian cooperation, which will undoubtedly lead to the transformation of Central Asia into a stable and prosperous region.
5. The Sides agreed to hold regular bilateral consultations and political dialogue through exchange of official visits at the leadership and other levels to promote mutual understanding on bilateral as well as regional and international issues. They also encouraged greater inter-parliamentary ties as well as business, cultural, educational and other linkages between India and Uzbekistan.
6. Noting the importance of a safe and secure regional environment for development and prosperity, the Sides agreed to cooperate in addressing threats and challenges to national as well as regional security. The Sides agreed to strengthen cooperation between the law enforcement agencies and special services of the two countries, including under the framework of the Uzbekistan-India Joint Working Group on Counter-Terrorism. Both Sides called for early finalization of Comprehensive Convention on International Terrorism.
7. The two sides agreed to work closely together to expand and strengthen defence cooperation as well as defence industry cooperation. In this context, both sides agreed to hold joint military training exercise in the area of counter terrorism, cooperate in the field of military education and military medicine, setting up of Joint Working Group to support and sustain enhanced mutually beneficial defence related activities and setting up of Defence Wing at the Embassy of Uzbekistan in New Delhi.
8. The sides emphasized the need to further enhance efforts to achieve the target of bilateral trade of USD 1 billion by 2020 and welcomed the initiatives that have been taken. The Sides agreed to work towards balancing the trade between the two sides by reducing the existing trade deficit.
9. The sides agreed to promote the establishment of long-term and mutually beneficial cooperation among interested companies and business community and support the activities of existing enterprises of Uzbekistan and India in territories of both countries.
10. The sides agreed to constitute an expert group between India and Uzbekistan to conduct Joint Feasibility Study and commence negotiations for India-Uzbekistan Preferential Trade Agreement by the end of 2018.
11. The Sides agreed to work closely together to expand and diversify bilateral trade. In this context, the Sides agreed to have comprehensive discussions between the relevant Ministries and agencies of the two countries, and to encourage their business communities, companies and enterprises to participate in exhibitions, trade fairs, business forums and other joint business activities in Uzbekistan and India and Uzbekistan.
12. The Sides called for further promotion of investment between the two countries. They noted the favorable conditions for investment by Indian companies in Uzbekistan, including in the framework of the Special Economic Zones and Free Pharmaceutical zones.
13. The Sides agreed to develop mutually beneficial cooperation in transport and communications. They noted the introduction of direct flights between Tashkent and Mumbai. The Sides also agreed to explore various options to enhance surface connectivity between them. The Indian side thanked the Uzbek side for their support in India’s membership of the Ashgabat Agreement, and expressed hope that Uzbekistan would also join the International North South Transport Corridor.
14. Recalling the recent meeting of the Uzbekistan-India Intergovernmental Commission on Trade-Economic and Scientific-Technical Cooperation on 16-18August, 2018 held in Tashkent and the sectoral Joint Working Groups in the areas of Pharmaceuticals, Tourism and Information Technology, the Sides agreed to hold their regular meetings for implementation of various economic agreements, identification of promising areas and promotion of joint projects in various sectors of economy.
The Parties agreed to establish, under the leadership of the above mentioned Intergovernmental Commission, a Joint working group on the development of the service sector.
15. In order to create favorable conditions for implementation of these tasks, the Sides agreed to encourage the development of direct contacts between the regions of Uzbekistan and States of India and business circles, organization of joint regional business forums and cooperation exchanges, exhibitions of export-oriented products, opening of trading houses, conclusion of trade, economic and investment contracts, exchange of statistics and information on ongoing tenders. The Sides noted the prospects for wider use of opportunities in the free economic zones of the two countries, including in the newly created Uzbek-Indian free pharmaceutical zone in the Andijan region.
The Sides welcomed the establishment of partnership relations between the Andijan region and the state of Gujarat, as well as cities of Samarkand and Agra.
16. The Sides welcomed the holding of the business forum held on September 28, 2018 in New Delhi in the framework of the visit and hoped that this will give an impetus to the joint investment and entrepreneurial activity of business circles of India and Uzbekistan.
17. The Sides emphasized the importance of strengthening institutional mechanisms of economic cooperation. In this regard, they positively assessed the establishment of the Uzbek-Indian Business Council between the Chamber of Commerce and Industry of the Republic of Uzbekistan and the Confederation of Indian Industry. This structure is intended to serve for enhancing bilateral relations in trade, economic, investment and other spheres, establishment of direct contacts between the chambers of commerce and industry of the regions and the States, creation of mechanisms for joint development of innovative technologies, and interaction between business circles of Uzbekistan and India.
18. The Sides confirmed their readiness to promote travel of the citizens of Uzbekistan and India with official, business and tourist purposes. The Indian side welcomed the simplification of the visa regime for the citizens of India by the Uzbek side.
19. The Sides noted with satisfaction the ongoing cooperation in Information and Communication Technologies. The Sides also noted with satisfaction the training of Uzbek specialists and students in information and communication technologies at the Uzbek-Indian Centre of Information Technologies named after Jawaharlal Nehru in Tashkent and agreed to the need for its further upgrading and facilitating joint traning programmes on IT.
20. The Sides agreed to expand cooperation in the IT Sector. They expressed their readiness to explore possibilities of cooperation for opening of branches of Indian Universities/Institutions in the IT, Tourism and hotel management sector in Uzbekistan. The Uzbek side expressed their interest for establishment of an IT Park in Uzbekistan in cooperation with Indian IT companies based on their best practices on software industry development, acceleration of startups.
21. The Sides agreed for cooperation in new areas of space and nuclear energy, and to explore further cooperation in science & technology, solar and other forms of renewable energy. They appreciated the ongoing cooperation in the framework of the Indian Technical and Economic Cooperation Programme (ITEC) and educational scholarships for capacity building.
22. The Sides emphasized the importance of bilateral cooperation in the sphere of health, medical education and pharmaceuticals. Towards this end, they look forward to encourage their respective institutions and private sector companies to cooperate in these fields.
23. Underlining the imperative of food and nutrition security for the people of both India and Uzbekistan, the Sides resolved to enhance cooperation in agriculture and allied activities by way of inter alia exchange of technology in crop production, improved water use efficiency, plant quarantine, animal husbandry, food processing and enhanced agriculture and food trade.
24. The Sides recognized that close historical and cultural links between the two countries over the millennia provide a firm basis for the development of Uzbekistan-India relations. The Sides welcomed participation of creative groups of both countries in international festivals held in Uzbekistan and India. The Sides, recognizing the uniqueness of the common cultural and civilizational heritage, including priceless manuscripts and other historical artifacts stored in the archival collections and museums of Uzbekistan and India, supported the activation of bilateral efforts for their cataloging, comprehensive scientific study and wide popularization through the implementation of joint research programs, projects and other events.
25. The Sides recognized tourism as an important area of bilateral cooperation that promoted people – to –people contacts, and agreed to implement practical measures under the framework of the bilateral Agreement on cooperation in tourism signed during the visit. In this context, they noted the participation of India in the Tashkent International Tourism Festival in October 2018.
26. The Sides discussed the situation in Afghanistan and noted that establishment of peace and stability in that country is of great significance to the security and stability of the entire region. They reiterated support for efforts of the Government and the people for a genuine Afghan-owned, Afghan-led and Afghan controlled peace and reconciliation process that would allow for a peaceful, secure, united, inclusive and prosperous nation. The sides shared the view that countering terrorism in all its forms and manifestations without distinction is important for sustainable peace and security in Afghanistan. They expressed continued support for reconstruction and revival of the country. The Sides agreed to have regular dialogue.
In this context, they expressed full readiness to a close partnership for the implementation of the Tashkent Declaration adopted at the end of the International Conference on Afghanistan on the theme "Peace process, cooperation in the field of security and regional cooperation" in Uzbekistan on March 26-27, 2018.
27. The Sides reaffirmed that the United Nations must play a central role in maintaining global peace and security, and in development and advancing international cooperation. They agreed to strengthen their mutual support and cooperation in the United Nations and other international and regional organizations. The Sides called for comprehensive reforms of the UN structures including the Security Council, including expansion in both categories of membership. Uzbekistan reaffirmed its support to India’s candidature for permanent membership of the UN Security Council, and noted request of India for support to its candidature for a non-permanent seat of UNSC for 2021-2022.
28. The Sides agreed to further strengthen mutual cooperation under the framework of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization, and its Regional Anti-Terrorist Structure.
29. The Sides expressed confidence that the understandings and agreements reached during the visit will further deepen the strategic partnership between the two countries for the well-being of their peoples and mutual prosperity.
The President of the Republic of Uzbekistan H.E. Mr. Shavkat Mirziyoyev expressed gratitude to the President of the Republic of India H.E. Mr. Ram Nath Kovind and Prime Minister of the Republic of India H.E. Mr. Narendra Modi and the people of India for hospitality and warm welcome to the Uzbek delegation and invited the President and the Prime Minister of the Republic of India to visit Uzbekistan at a time convenient to them.
October 01, 2018
(Source: Web site of the MFA of the Republic of Uzbekistan)
Culture Heritage: Path to Dialogue between Nations
The presentation of the 10-volume “Cultural Heritage of Uzbekistan in World Collections” has taken place in the Lal Bahadur Shastri memorial complex in Delhi. The event was in light of the forthcoming state visit of the President of Uzbekistan Shavkat Mirziyoyev to India.
In Uzbekistan, the name of the second Prime Minister of independent India is remembered well and with deep respect. Not only are the representatives of the senior generation, but also the young people proud that the historic 1966 declaration between India and Pakistan was signed in Tashkent.
In addition, a bust of Lal Bahadur Shastri is installed in our capital city, and one of the streets here is named after the great statesman of the Indian people.
The former Prime Minister’s son Anil Shastri is currently running the India-Uzbekistan Friendship Society. It comprises renowned politicians, public figures, scientists, journalists, and it makes a worthy contribution to furthering the friendly relations between the Uzbek and Indian peoples.
Chairman of the India-Uzbekistan Friendship Society Anil Shastri, Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of Uzbekistan to India Farhod Arziyev and others noted at the presentation that the forthcoming first state visit of President Shavkat Mirziyoyev to India is expected with great interest in two countries. The participants of the event expressed confidence that the results of the meetings and negotiations within the framework of the visit will open up new prospects for the advancement of mutually advantageous cooperation between the two major states of Central and South Asia.
A series of books “Cultural Heritage of Uzbekistan in the World Collections” is published in the framework of the eponymous project, with no parallels in the world. It envisages the collection, study and publication of cultural objects originating from the territory of Uzbekistan, but due to various reasons exported to this or that country of the world. The published books tell about the samples of the rich and unique spiritual and cultural heritage of our people, stored in famous and popular museums around the globe.
Members of the initiative group of the project together with celebrated Uzbek and Indian scientists began to study samples of the richest cultural legacy of our people in museums, libraries and other treasures of India. The outcomes of scholarly research will be included in new volumes of the series.
Books are also to be presented at Jawaharlal Nehru University, Jamia Millia University, Jama Masjid Delhi and the Center for Islamic Culture of India. An exhibition entitled “India-Uzbekistan: Dialogue of Cultures” opened on September 25 at the National Museum of India, and it is to last through to October 24.
(Source: «Uzbekistan Today» newspaper)
The South Korean Rooper Teikom plans to launch the production of electric cars in Asaka
The project is estimated at 2 million US dollars. It is planned to arrange production of cars by the end of next year. In addition, Chinese companies are actively seeking to cooperate with Uzbekistan in this direction. For example, the Changan Automobile Group has reported that the company intends to organize the production of electric cars in the Ferghana Valley.
The Chinese automaker’s plans include investment, in the first stage, of about $ 15-20 million in the creation of a site for a large-head assembly of more than a thousand electric vehicles a year, with 100-150 people employed. Foreign investors are confident that their cars will become worthy competitors of the gasoline Chevrolet Spark and Chevrolet Nexia, both in terms of price and quality.
In the second phase, full-scale localization of production will be organized with the attraction of the capacities of enterprises in neighboring countries, especially since the Ferghana Valley is the heart of the domestic automobile industry: dozens of major enterprises for the production of components are located here. In general, in Uzbekistan, the company intends to focus on the production of modern cars with a hybrid engine or fully electric power unit.
And crucially, it is not a Chinese start-up striving to expand into international markets. Changan Automobile Group Co Ltd is part of the so-called Big Four of Chinese auto manufacturers. The company has joint ventures with Ford Motor, Suzuki Motor, Mazda Motor and PSA Peugeot Citroёn. Changan is headquartered in Chongqing.
It was the Changan Automobile Group that launched the first Chinese electric car production in 2012, the Changan E30, which received five stars in safety tests. Today the company boasts six production sites in the PRC, along with 15 factories manufacturing cars and engines outside the country. These capacities allow for producing over two million cars and the same number of engines a year. In addition, it is actively investing in research and development (R&D); its nine research centers are located in China, Italy, the UK, the US and Japan.
Another Chinese automaker going to settle in Uzbekistan is Henan Suda Electric Vehicle Technology. The company is considering the possibility of setting up an assembly production of electric cars in Bukhara, which can be launched by late 2020. Plans of the Chinese partners include investment of tens of millions of dollars. Henan Suda is one of the most dynamically developing young companies in the segment of production of so-called ‘clean’ cars. Recently, the manufacturer announced its intention to build a new technological platform in China for the production of up to 100 thousand electric cars a year.
(Source: «Uzbekistan Today» newspaper)
Human rights: policy priority
In 2018, the international community celebrates the 70th anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the 25th anniversary of the Vienna Declaration and the Human Rights Action Plan, the documents that consolidated the basic democratic principles and requirements for securing and protecting human rights and freedoms, and came to be the legal backbone for the formation of a modern international law in this field.
The Universal Declaration of Human Rights became the basis for a wide range of legally binding international treaties on this front. Its provisions have formed the basis for more than 100 international treaties and declarations on human rights, an enormous number of regional conventions, constitutions and national laws in the sphere. Together, they constitute a comprehensive system of binding legal norms designed to promote and protect human rights.
In the contemporary world, bolstering international cooperation in human rights is greatly important for the full achievement of three goals of the United Nations. Moreover, the promotion and protection of human rights should be based on the principle of cooperation and genuine dialogue with a view to enhancing the capacity of states to fulfill their human rights obligations in the interests of all.
In Uzbekistan, the protection of human rights is considered one of the priorities of interaction with the UN. Today, a sustainable political system has been created in the country that meets modern criteria of democracy and human rights, with actively working legislative, executive and judicial bodies of all levels. Yet crucially, respect for the principles of the rule of law and human rights is affirmed in the Uzbek society.
Issues of observance and protection of human rights are one of the priorities of government policy and of interaction with international partners.
In 2017, our country moved on to the most important stage of its democratic development, the phase of furthering the reforms in all aspects of society. The program of cardinal political and economic transformation was adopted by the President of Uzbekistan in February 2017. The Strategy of Actions along Five Priority Tracks for the Development of the Republic of Uzbekistan in 2017-2021 thus opened a new chapter in democratic reforms and modernization of the country, as well as in the improvement of the system of ensuring individual rights, freedoms and legitimate interests.
The implementation of the Strategy focuses on the radical reform of state and public construction aimed at further strengthening the role of the parliament and political parties in deepening democratic reforms and modernization of the country, enhancing the role of civil institutions in protecting human rights, securing the rule of law and transforming the judicial and legal system. These tasks are fully in sync with the principle “Human interests above everything”.
In 2017, the UN Secretary-General António Guterres and the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Zeid Ra’ad al-Hussein visited Uzbekistan.
In order to shore up constructive cooperation with the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights and intensify measures to protect the rights and freedoms of citizens, the Uzbek parliament adopted on 16 June 2017 an Action Plan for the Further Development of Cooperation with the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights. It consists of more than 90 specific events and 10 sections, while over 30 public and non-governmental organizations participate in its implementation.
For the first time in 15 years, the UN Special Rapporteur on the Freedom of Religion or Belief, Ahmed Shahid, visited Uzbekistan. He got familiarized on-site, first hand, with the work carried out in the country in the sphere of ensuring freedom of religion and belief, as well as the positive experience of the country accumulated in this direction. As a result of the visit, the Uzbek legislature adopted a roadmap to implement the recommendations of the Special Rapporteur.
In July 2018, Uzbekistan’s delegation attended the Ministerial Conference on Freedom of Religion, organized by the US State Department. This week, the US Ambassador-at-large for Religious Freedom, Samuel Brownback, visited our country, during which the Uzbek-American roundtable discussion on religious freedoms was held for the first time.
In 2018, delegations of Human Rights Watch, Amnesty International, the Cotton Campaign, the Norwegian Helsinki Committee, met with a number of governmental bodies and non-governmental organizations in Uzbekistan to discuss areas of cooperation in the field of human rights.
The enduring democratic reforms have focused on the improvement of the system of national human rights institutions. Currently, Uzbekistan runs a new extra-judiciary mechanism to protect the rights of entrepreneurs – the office of the Business Ombudsman, which facilitates the introduction of new tools for effective dialogue between business entities and government bodies, creating thus additional guarantees for reliable protection of the rights and legitimate interests of businesses.
The resolution of the President of Uzbekistan “On Additional Measures to Strengthen Guarantees of Citizens’ Rights and Freedoms in Forensic Investigations”, signed 30 November 2017, came as an important milestone in reforming the judicial and legal sphere. In accordance with this document, torture, physical and psychological pressure and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment are strictly prohibited in the country with regard to the participants of criminal process or their close relatives. In criminal cases, it is rigorously forbidden to use any illegal data, audio and video materials in particular, as material evidence.
In order to effectively provide for the rights and freedoms of citizens, and spearhead additional monitoring of this activity, a special interrogation complex equipped with shorthand, video surveillance systems, as well as audio and video recording of investigative actions, has been created in the internal affairs bodies.
These measures will contribute to addressing the problems of stringent enforcement of the criminal procedure norm ensuring that everyone who commits crime will be justly punished and no innocent person will be brought to justice. The steps shall also facilitate timely disclosure, complete, comprehensive and impartial investigation of crimes, unconditional observance of the priority of rights, freedoms and legitimate interests of citizens, respect for their honor and dignity in the conduct of inquiry and preliminary investigation, as well as other tasks under the law.
In accordance with the Law “On the Introduction of Amendments and Addenda to Certain Legislative Acts of the Republic of Uzbekistan in Connection with the Adoption of Measures to Strengthen Guarantees of Citizens’ Rights and Freedoms in Forensic Investigations”, signed 4 April 2018, Article 235 of the Criminal Code has been introduced changes, whose provisions are now consonant with Article 1 of the UN Convention Against Torture, along with greater responsibility for their use and other inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment.
The Concept of Improving the Criminal and Criminal Procedural Legislation of the Republic of Uzbekistan was approved. The principal tracks and objectives of perfecting the criminal and criminal procedural legislation in the country constitute:
- unification of the norms of criminal legislation;
- improvement of the system of criminal liability and punishment;
- provision for the effective and reliable protection of the rights and freedoms of citizens, and the interests of society and the state;
- systematization and harmonization of the norms of the criminal procedural legislation;
- perfection of mechanisms for the reliable provision of guarantees for individual rights and freedoms in criminal proceedings;
- introduction of new forms and procedures of criminal process.
With a view to the gradual digitization of the procedure for the production of criminal cases, the introduction of a pilot project “Electronic Criminal Law” is envisaged. The end result of effective implementation of the Concept of Improving the Criminal and Criminal Procedural Legislation should be a full-fledged realization of the principle “Rule of Law – Inevitibility of Liability”.
The 12 May 2018 decree of the President of Uzbekistan envisioning measures to radically raise the prominence of the institution of defense law and enhance lawyers’ independence, provides for steps to fundamentally perk up this system, boost the quality of professional legal assistance and the prestige of this occupation. In particular, the defense lawyer has the right to take measures on pre-trial settlement of disputes, reconciliation of the parties, and also to act as an arbitrator, except for cases when he/she represents one of the parties.
The provision of legal aid by defense lawyers is provided on the basis of a separate license for each chosen specialization. Termination of the lawyer’s actions is carried out exclusively in court following an appeal from the Ministry of Justice on the basis of the conclusion of the High Qualification Commission.
In addition, visits by lawyers to their clients are provided in a timely and unhindered manner in special rooms that do not have audio and video surveillance devices, and without the presence of unauthorized persons, while the visibility of the lawyer and the client must be ensured, with the exception of hearing them by third parties. The lawyer also has the right to bring personal computer, mobile and other communication devices to the building of courts to carry out his professional activities, with the exception of closed trial sessions.
Lawyer inquiries from state and other bodies as well as enterprises, institutions and other organizations for the receipt of reference letters and other documents or their copies necessary for the provision of qualified legal assistance must be executed within a period of not more than fifteen days from the receipt of the request, with the exception of information containing state secrets or other secret protected by law.
Drafts of normative and legal acts on issues related to defense law and legal proceedings are mandatory subject to agreement with the Chamber of Lawyers, and its chairman is entitled to attend meetings of the Legislative Chamber of the Oliy Majlis to discuss those bills and express views on them.
In order to drastically amplify the role and significance of civil society institutions in the comprehensive and accelerated development of the country, boost their interaction with government and administration bodies, and also the consistent implementation of the tasks identified in the Actions Strategy, the Advisory Council on Civil Society Development was established under the President of Uzbekistan.
The Council consists of representatives of parliament, executive bodies, the academic community and more than 30 non-governmental non-profit organizations.
All draft normative legal acts affecting the rights and legitimate interests of NGOs are necessarily agreed with the National Association of Non-Governmental Non-Profit Organizations of Uzbekistan.
Currently, public foundations are being established to support NGOs and other civil society institutions under the Zhokargy Kenes of the Republic of Karakalpakstan, the Kengashes of People’s Deputies in the regions and the city of Tashkent, and also, Houses of Non-Governmental Non-Profit Organizations are set up in the field.
Uzbekistan maintains active and constructive dialogue with the statutory and treaty bodies and specialized agencies of the United Nations and special procedures of the UN Human Rights Council.
The government submits timely reports on the implementation of the main international human rights instruments, as well as on follow-up to the recommendations of the treaty bodies.
Over the years of independence, more than 35 national reports of Uzbekistan have been submitted to the UN treaty bodies. During the current session of the UN Human Rights Council, the results of the consideration of the Third Periodic Report of our country in the framework of the Universal Periodic Review (UPR) were approved.
The Human Rights Council recommendations will be considered in parliament and a National Action Plan (roadmap) is adopted for their implementation in the framework of the Universal Periodic Report of the Human Rights Council.
The Memorandum on Cooperation in Human Rights between the UNDP and Uzbekistan is being successfully realized. The document envisages intensification of interaction in such areas as joint consultations, mutual assistance in the development and implementation of programs and plans aimed at protecting and promoting human rights and freedoms.
Work has begun on the realization of the joint UNDP project designed to promote the implementation of recommendations of UN charter and treaty bodies on human rights in the Republic of Uzbekistan. Preparatory works for the Asian Human Rights Forum are in full swing under this scheme in tandem with the Regional Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights in Bishkek.
In conclusion, I would like to share following proposals in the field of the protection of human rights and freedoms.
First. There are currently 1.8 billion young men and women in the world, which is a record indicator of the number of young people in human history. Such a demographic situation offers unprecedented opportunities for social and economic progress. At the same time, the potential of many youth representatives is undermined by violations of their fundamental rights. On the global scale, young people are three times more likely to become unemployed than adults, which means that about 71 million young men and women are looking for work.
During the 72nd session of the UN General Assembly, President Shavkat Mirziyoyev proposed to develop a UN International Convention on the Rights of the Youth, a unified international legal instrument aimed at the formation and implementation of youth policy in the context of globalization and the rapid development of information and communication technologies.
In this regard, we propose to support the elaboration of this universal international document on the rights of young people.
Second. For the celebration of the 70th anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, a special program of events was adopted in Uzbekistan. In addition, our country has ordered a contribution of $ 100 thousand to the voluntary fund of UNHCHR.
On 22-23 November 2018, we are organizing, together with UNHCHR and other international partners, the Asian Human Rights Forum in Samarkand dedicated to the 70th anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
This forum will aim to develop practical recommendations for improving the existing mechanisms on the protection of human rights and the establishment of novel ones, as well as for securing their interaction, identifying the ways of creating possible sub-regional mechanisms on the protection of human rights, which will prove accessible to everyone.
Director of the National Center for Human Rights
(Source: «Uzbekistan Today» newspaper)