DAILY NEWS HERALD
DAILY NEWS HERALD #132
Public Relations and Mass Media Department of the MFA
July 9, 2018
VISIT OF THE PRESIDENT OF UZBEKISTAN TO KAZAKHSTAN.. 1
Successes of Kazakhstan please Uzbekistan as a close friend and neighbor 1
The Saudi Sheikh Mohammed Abdul Aziz Al Ajlan intends in the coming years to invest over 2 billion US dollars in regional projects in Uzbekistan. 2
International relationships. 2
Meeting with the President of Afghanistan. 2
Attracting direct foreign investments is a key task of diplomatic missions of Uzbekistan abroad. 3
Legislative Chamber of Oliy Majlis of republic of Uzbekistan.. 3
Deputies heard the information of the Minister of Health. 3
Uzbekistan: Life Values Shape Country’s Image. 5
VISIT OF THE PRESIDENT OF UZBEKISTAN TO KAZAKHSTAN
Successes of Kazakhstan please Uzbekistan as a close friend and neighbor
On July 6, 2018, President of the Republic of Uzbekistan Shavkat Mirziyoyev, at the invitation of the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan Nursultan Nazarbayev, visited Kazakhstan and took part in a solemn event dedicated to the 20th anniversary of the city of Astana.
The President of the Republic of Uzbekistan Shavkat Mirziyoyev, accompanied by the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan Nursultan Nazarbayev, visited Astana International Financial Centre.
Conditions created for business people, plans for the future have been presented.
The Centre’s activities are based on the experience of international financial institutions. Tax privileges for up to 50 years, simplified visa, currency regimes and other preferences will be provided for participants of the Centre.
Today, a solemn event timed to Astana’s 20th anniversary will be held in the Palace of Independence. This has been reported by the Press Service of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan.
* * *
The solemn event dedicated to Astana’s 20th anniversary was held in the Palace of Independence, in the capital of Kazakhstan.
The President of the Republic of Uzbekistan Shavkat Mirziyoyev attended the event at the invitation of the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan Nursultan Nazarbayev.
As reported by the Press Service of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan, Shavkat Mirziyoyev sincerely congratulated people of Kazakhstan and President Nursultan Nazarbayev on this historic date.
Astana is a bright symbol of a new, dynamically developing and independent Kazakhstan. Modern architecture, rich culture and traditions of people of Kazakhstan are harmoniously combined in Astana. This city is a platform for holding important international meetings, a major economic and financial center, said Shavkat Mirziyoyev.
As is known, on July 6, 1994, the Supreme Council of Kazakhstan adopted a decision on moving the country’s capital from Almaty to Akmola. According to the decree of President Nursultan Nazarbayev of December 10, 1997, the city of Akmola was officially declared the capital of the Republic of Kazakhstan. On May 6, 1998, Akmola was renamed to Astana. In accordance with the law adopted in 2008, a state holiday was established – the Day of the capital, celebrated on July 6.
Over the past period the territory of the city has expanded significantly, modern buildings have been erected. Astana has become not only a political, but also an economic, social, cultural center of the country.
Regional and international events are held here. Thus, the capital of Kazakhstan hosted the Asian Winter Games of 2011 and EXPO-2017 international specialized exhibition. Presidents of Uzbekistan, parliamentary and governmental delegations of the country visited Astana several times.
President Shavkat Mirziyoyev paid a state visit to Astana on March 22-23, 2017. The Head of the state also took part in the summits of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization and the Organization of Islamic Cooperation, which took place in this city.
Shavkat Mirziyoyev, at the international conference “Central Asia: one past and a common future, cooperation for sustainable development and mutual prosperity”, held in November 2017 in Samarkand, forwarded an initiative on organizing a meeting of the heads of states of the region. Official Astana was one of the first to support this initiative. On March 15 of this year, the first consultative meeting of the heads of states of Central Asia was held in Astana.
The events on the occasion of the 20th anniversary of the city of Astana have become another reason for a sincere exchange of views. The President of the Kyrgyz Republic Sooronbay Jeenbekov, the President of the Republic of Tajikistan Emomali Rahmon also took part in the jubilee.
The arts masters of Uzbekistan performed songs and dances at the solemn ceremony. The festive event became another embodiment of friendship and cultural affinity of people of the two countries.
* * *
On July 6, the President of Uzbekistan Shavkat Mirziyoyev met with the President of Tajikistan Emomali Rahmon in Astana. At the meeting, issues of development of cooperation between the two countries were discussed.
The Saudi Sheikh Mohammed Abdul Aziz Al Ajlan intends in the coming years to invest over 2 billion US dollars in regional projects in Uzbekistan
The Sheikh is planning to build factories for processing raw cotton and silk in Bukhara, Andijan and Samarkand regions.
“I intend to invest in the silkworm, cotton and textile industries, and invest in particular 2 billion dollars. We have already started practical work with our Uzbek partners. I think our partnership will bring about good profits,” said the Sheikh, Chairman of the Board of Ajlan & Brothers Group.
He suggested he is also interested in the tourist segment, so intends to build five-star hotels in Bukhara, Andijan and Tashkent.
Ajlan & Brothers Group produces finished garments and fabrics, has 45 branches and over 200 outlets in the Middle East. The holding company runs its business in Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, Bahrain, Qatar, Kuwait, Yemen, Syria, Jordan, Libya and Egypt.
(Source: «Uzbekistan Today» newspaper)
Meeting with the President of Afghanistan
On July 8, 2018, the President of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan Mohammad Ashraf Ghani received the government delegation of the Republic of Uzbekistan led by the Minister of Foreign Affairs Abdulaziz Kamilov, who is on a working visit to Afghanistan, at Arg palace.
The Minister conveyed warm greetings and good wishes of the President of Uzbekistan Shavkat Mirziyoyev to the Head of Afghanistan.
During the conversation, current issues of bilateral relations were discussed, primarily implementation of agreements reached within the framework of the official visit of the President of Afghanistan to Uzbekistan and high-level talks in December 2017. In this context, issues of implementing major joint investment, transport and communication, trade and economic projects were considered.
At the meeting, the consent of Uzbekistan to opening the Afghanistan consulate in the city of Termez was confirmed.
The sides also exchanged views on the situation in Afghanistan and the surrounding region.
President Mohammad Ashraf Ghani, who participated and addressed the Tashkent International Conference on Afghanistan in March 2018, thanked the Uzbek side for vigorous efforts on promoting peace process in the country.
Other issues on Uzbekistan – Afghanistan agenda were also discussed at the meeting.
(Source: Web site of the MFA of the Republic of Uzbekistan)
Attracting direct foreign investments is a key task of diplomatic missions of Uzbekistan abroad
On July 7, 2018, the First Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Uzbekistan Botir Asadov held a meeting at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, which was attended by heads of structural subdivisions of the central office, as well as heads of diplomatic missions abroad via videoconferencing.
Participants of the meeting were informed about critical assessment by the President of Uzbekistan Shavkat Mirziyoyev on the effectiveness of activities of ministries and agencies involved in attracting and developing foreign investments and the content of the resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers No.478 of June 26, 2018 “On measures of increasing the responsibility of heads of the state governing bodies and administration, as well as local executive authorities for implementation of an active investment policy”.
It was emphasized that attraction of foreign investments, first of all direct foreign investments, is a key and priority task in activity of foreign missions of Uzbekistan.
In this connection, views were exchanged on ways and methods of working on eliminating the remarks made by the President of Uzbekistan, unconditional solution of tasks. Instructions were given for intensifying productive work with regions of the country and branches of the economy.
In addition, it was noted that in accordance with the Protocol of the meeting in the Cabinet of Ministers of the Republic of Uzbekistan of July 3, 2018, a decision was taken on introducing a mechanism for direct dialogue between business entities and the state governing bodies in the form of a unified platform for open discussion of investment proposals of foreign investors.
(Source: Web site of the MFA of the Republic of Uzbekistan)
Legislative Chamber of Oliy Majlis of republic of Uzbekistan
Deputies heard the information of the Minister of Health
In the second half of the meeting of the Legislative Chamber held on July 5, the deputies heard the information of the Minister of Health of the Republic of Uzbekistan “On the progress of implementation of reforms in healthcare” and on the initiative of the faction of the People’s Democratic Party of Uzbekistan “On the practice of establishing disability in the country and activity, carried out in the process of its improvement”.
As noted in the information presented on the first issue, consistent work is being carried out on improvement of the country’s healthcare system, the quality of primary medico-social, emergency medical and specialized services provided to the population, providing citizens with affordable and qualitative medicines and medical supplies, development of private medical practice.
104 normative legal acts, in particular 4 decrees, 24 resolutions and 9 orders of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan, 37 resolutions and 32 orders of the Cabinet of Ministers of the Republic of Uzbekistan have been adopted to develop this sphere.
For the maintenance of healthcare institutions, payment of wages to workers, costs of medicines and food products, strengthening the material and technical base of medical institutions in 2018, 9.6 trillion sums (currency rates of CB RU from 09.07.2018, 1$= 7813.42 soums) were allocated from the State budget which is 1.4 times more than in 2017.
During the reporting period, 209 foreign specialists were invited to the country for medical examinations, surgical, including high-tech operations. Regarding the same period of 2017, the number of medical examinations increased by 8723, operations – by 452, high-tech operations – by 289, the number of specialists who came from abroad increased by 45.
The Minister of Health in his information dwelt not only on the work carried out in the sphere, but also on the existence of a number of problems and shortcomings awaiting solution. In particular, mutual integration of the emergency medical service and primary healthcare institutions, outpatient polyclinics and inpatient care institutions are not at the required level. Some medical services, in particular, emergency medical care and patronage system duplicate each other.
The work on full coverage of the population in the regions by patronage services, especially lonely, elderly people, people with disabilities, chronic diseases, expectant mothers and children is not at the proper level.
Brigades and ambulances are still not fully equipped with modern digital radio and GPS-navigation systems.
Upon completion of the Minister’s information, deputies expressed their views and proposals on this issue. In particular, the need was noted for improving the legal foundations of the patronage system and simplifying the mechanisms for its implementation, strengthening the legal framework for effective organization of activities of rural family polyclinics and rural medical stations, strengthening social partnership with non-governmental non-profit organizations operating in the medical field in order to improve the medical culture of the population, diseases prevention. It was also noted that creation of favorable conditions for intensifying activities and expansion of the network of private medical institutions, removal of artificial barriers that impede sustainable development of the private sector in the healthcare sector will also serve to solving the existing problems in the system.
In order to execute the resolution of the President of the country of August 8, 2017 “On priority measures of ensuring accelerated socio-economic development of regions” in the course of studies conducted by deputies of the Legislative Chamber during the departure to the regions in April this year, in the course of conversations with socially needy segments of the population and people with disabilities, a number of issues related to establishment of disability were identified. In this connection, a proposal was made on listening to the information of the Minister of Health.
As noted in the information provided by the Minister on this issue, the resolutions of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan, the Cabinet of Ministers of the Republic of Uzbekistan on fundamental improvement of the system of state support for persons with disabilities, determination of disability in the country were adopted, and a number of normative legal acts were developed and implemented.
In order to provide all-round support to persons with disabilities in the country on March 9, 2018, the Fund for Supporting Persons with Disabilities was organized by the resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers of the Republic of Uzbekistan.
At present, the Republican Inspectorate of Medical and Social Expertise, 14 main medical and labor expert commissions of the Republic of Karakalpakstan, regions and the city of Tashkent, 5 district, 70 inter-district, 4 city and 14 specialized medical and labor expert commissions are operating in the system of Medical and Labor Expertise Service of the Ministry of Health.
As a result of work carried out in the first quarter of 2018, the number of persons over 16 and with a disability amounted to 582,4 thousand people, and primary disability was identified in 12,4 thousand citizens.
In order to provide a justified definition of disability, the Republican Inspectorate of Medical and Social Expertise and the Main Service of Medical and Labor Expertise set up conduction of a two-stage control, examined 8,000 (64.5 percent) persons with primary disability, about 2,500 were re-examined and in relation to 13 persons the conclusions of commissions of medical and labor expertise have been changed.
10 republican specialized medical centers, in all regions – multi-profile children’s medical centers equipped with modern diagnostic and medical equipment, staffed with qualified personnel are organized in order to improve public health, prevent diseases, disability and provide the country’s residents with specialized high-tech medical care.
In order to prevent the birth of disabled children with hereditary and congenital diseases, to reduce the incidence of disability since childhood, screening centers “Mother and Child” have been organized in 11 regions of the country, they are carrying out medical genetic studies of families belonging to the hereditary and congenital diseases, the birth of disabled children is prevented.
At the same time, the Minister also dwelled on some shortcomings in this direction, underlining that currently there are the National Center for Rehabilitation and Prosthetics of the Disabled, 10 territorial rehabilitation centers, but there are still no rehabilitation centers in Bukhara, Syrdarya and Surkhandarya regions. In addition, in the first quarter of 2018, the commissions for medical and labor examination of 2,049 persons with disabilities were given directions for employment, of which only 248 (12.1 percent) were employed by employment promotion centers.
In the course of the discussion, deputies emphasized the need to ensure transparency in the process of medical and labor expertise, avoiding bureaucracy and red tape, further simplifying the mechanism for working with documentation, critical review of legislation that regulates disability issues, adopting a single document covering these issues, further strengthening the joint activity of commissions of medical and labor expertise and medical institutions of the Ministry of Health in prevention of disability through targeted treatment of patients on dispensary registration.
As a result of discussions, relevant resolutions of the Legislative Chamber were adopted on both issues. They outline specific instructions aimed at eliminating existing problems in the sphere.
(Source: Press Service of the Legislative Chamber of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan)
Uzbekistan: Life Values Shape Country’s Image
The Ijtimoiy Fikr Center for the Study of Public Opinion conducts systematic sociological surveys in order to study the spiritual and moral values and attitudes of citizens of Uzbekistan to the developments in the social, economic, legal and political life of society.
The results of the research allow us to more fully and deeply comprehend the processes taking place in our society, to shape effective approaches to the examination of the administrative decisions taken in the aspect of their impact on the state and changes in society. The information received can have a significant impact on the work of government authorities and administration, mass media, public associations on the formation of the image of Uzbekistan in the international arena.
Opinion polls show that in Uzbekistan, the value orientations of citizens are being transformed under the influence of various factors related to the dynamic development of socio-political and socio-economic relations and the processes of globalization in general. The strong value foundation inherent in the citizens of the country is not only the basis of political stability, but also the foundation for the positive state and social well-being of the population.
The Uzbek society, as surveys show, remains focused on traditional values such as family, charity, tolerance and peace, solidarity of generations and respect for elders, generosity and hospitality, diligence. It is important to understand that a society that is stable in its values is not a static society. In the course of sociological research, Uzbeks demonstrate a great desire for dynamic social and economic development. The obtained data indicate that a new moral and ethical atmosphere is developing in the country, values reflecting the desire of the population, and especially young people, to success, material well-being, career growth, spiritual and moral perfection are gradually asserted in the public consciousness.
Opinion polls revealed the dominance of civic identity among the population – almost 70% of the population consider themselves “primarily citizens of Uzbekistan”.
An essential role in the process of self-determination and the formation of one’s identity is played by the commitment of citizens to a particular way of life, which is usually interpreted as oriented either to Western or European values, or to traditional ones associated with the observance of national traditions and folk customs. The results of the research showed that the majority of citizens prefer the traditional way of life, based on national customs and traditions.
At the same time, the residents of the republic are expecting that their children and grandchildren in the future also reproduce a way of life associated with national cultural values. Cultural-historical belonging, traditions, a kind of “spiritual conservatism” are important consolidating factors for Uzbek people. Meanwhile, almost every tenth young man and woman prefers to lead a modern lifestyle based on Western values.
One of the most important values for Uzbek people is a happy and blissful life, the birth and upbringing of children, service to the fatherland, creative and professional self-realization.
In the course of the survey, the respondents were asked: “Under what conditions would you be able to recognize your life as successful?” The majority (76.3%) answered that the main conditions for a successful life realization are the creation of a family, the birth of children.
In Uzbekistan, the family is protected by society and the state, its all-round support is being provided, the institutional and legal framework for strengthening family and marriage is being improved, the demographic development and welfare of citizens are being strengthened, the educational and enlightening potential of the family is strengthened, the traditional family values are preserved in the society, so is moral atmosphere in families.
The conducted public opinion polls showed that the family and children, their upbringing and spiritual and moral development, stably remain the most significant values in Uzbek society. Most citizens of the country believe that the responsibility for raising children and their successful growth is borne by the family, and their upbringing is an important parental duty.
For residents of the republic, one of the main values is education, and they are eager to give their children a good education. The society has increased understanding that the success of the further education of the younger generation depends on the comprehensive education and nurturing of children in preschool age, since it is at this age that the prerequisites for the successful education of children in school and the further socialization of the younger generation in the future life are created.
Getting higher education, a successful career, a high social status in society – these important life meanings also remain relevant for many Uzbeks, especially for young people.
In the representation of citizens of the country, the most significant personal qualities are hospitality, generosity and diligence. This is supported by 37% of the country’s inhabitants. In the opinion of 28.9% of citizens, they are distinguished by patriotism, love and devotion to the Motherland, aspiration to contribute to its development and well-being. Among the most significant personal qualities characterizing the Uzbek people were a careful attitude to family values and national traditions (24.9%), kindness (28.2%), upbringing and respect for elders (18%), peacefulness (17.2%) .
At the same time, many respondents (78.4%) believe that there are contradictory changes in the system of priority values and attitudes. In their view, the complex processes taking place in modern society, a sharp increase in the volume and importance of information flows have a serious impact on the formation of a certain picture of the world and the transformation of traditional norms and values of man, especially in the youth environment. As surveys showed, every third respondent believes that in the worldview of modern Uzbeks, pragmatic values directed solely at the goal of personal prosperity are increasingly beginning to prevail over spiritual values. This phenomenon is especially characteristic of the younger generation.
Participants in the survey believe that the most negative aspects of modern youth are the strengthening of pragmatic motives in cultural and moral attitudes (17.8%), social irresponsibility associated with the unwillingness to grow up (17.4%), tolerance for violation of morality (14.1%). However, in public opinion, Uzbek citizens realize that a reliable way to resist negative phenomena is their own spiritual immunity of personality. That is why, citizens consider it necessary to educate their children with moral, loyal to their families and the Motherland, people, to inculcate in them such qualities as striving for education, love of work, efficiency and enterprising, good breeding and goodwill, respect for folk traditions, history and culture.
In Uzbekistan, one of the most important tasks of state policy is the preservation for the future generations of rich historical and cultural heritage, customs and traditions of the people, the restoration of the spiritual and religious foundations of Uzbek society, the revival of humanistic Islamic cultural values. Favorable conditions have been created for increasing national and religious self-awareness, freedom and national pride. Along with the revival of spiritual and religious values, religious rights and freedoms of citizens in the system of a democratic state and civil society are ensured.
Public opinion polls clearly demonstrate the transformation of the attitude of citizens towards religion, traditions and customs, expressed in increasing the number of visiting holy places, celebrating religious and public holidays, conducting traditional national rites in their families. According to the polls, for 87.6% of the country’s inhabitants, people’s and religious traditions, rituals and customs are of great importance, they contribute to the development of society and the state, enrich the spiritual life of every citizen. It is noted that the older the citizen, the more carefully he treats the observance and execution of rituals and customs, adherence to traditions goes to the forefront for many.
Respondents of the older age group in the survey expressed the opinion that young people should be educated in the spirit of respect for representatives of other religions and ethnicities, to educate and show the true spiritual and moral essence of Islam, its nature and tolerance, to use humanistic Islamic values in moral upbringing of the younger generation, protect them from religious extremism and narrow-mindedness.
One of the basic values of life for Uzbeks is work. Every fourth respondent believes that “work for a person is the main sign of life while a person is working – he is alive”. In labor, the inhabitants of the country see a means of creative self-expression and self-affirmation in society, the possibility of achieving a higher social status, as well as the opportunity to benefit people and society.
When choosing a job, 44.7% of citizens pay paramount importance to the possibility of receiving a high salary, 43.4% consider the priority to be to benefit for people, to be useful to them, 34.6% believe that work should be, first of all, creative and interesting.
In the age segment, the range of opinions on the characteristics of labor that are of vital importance is changing quite significantly. Thus, 50.2% of the respondents aged 30-39 give preference to a high salary. They most often, in comparison with other respondents, strive for prestigious work that provides a high social status. Creative work, even if it is not paid well, but benefits people, is considered by the most important half of young respondents aged 18-19 years, and one in three of them prefers a healthy climate in the workforce.
Sociological studies show that politics in the hierarchical structure of values of Uzbek people occupies an important place, they are worried not only by everyday worries and problems, they show an active interest in political processes and events. This is natural, and is explained by active modernization and profound reforms in various sectors of the life of the state and society implemented within the framework of the Strategy of Actions. Citizens fully support the positive changes taking place in the country and seek to promote them.
As the polls suggested, the majority of Uzbek people (76.4%) consider themselves supporters of a democratic, rule-of-law state. This indicator has been stable over the past few years.
The most democratic values are inherent in respondents who have a high level of education. The percentage of supporters of a democratic, rule-of-law state is higher among citizens aged 21-40.
The results of the research convincingly testify to the growing social activity and civic consciousness, the mounting involvement of citizens in the processes taking place in the country. Addressing the question “Does a person bear moral responsibility for his country and the solution of its problems?” the absolute majority of citizens (88.4%) answered positively.
The sense of responsibility for their country is typical for the majority of residents of the regions of the republic, men and women, representatives of various social strata. In the age aspect, this feeling increases in proportion to age: the older the citizens, the more responsibility they feel for the fate of their country, for its future, for the country where their children and grandchildren will live.
In general, as the long experience of studying the vital values of Uzbek people shows, they determine the behavior of citizens, the choice of the path of economic development and the form of government. It should be noted that values are changing very slowly; this process can take several generations.
Uzbekistan’s citizens feel proud for their country, for a rich historical and cultural heritage, for national traditions and spiritual and moral values carefully preserved by the people and passed from generation to generation. The paramount task of every citizen is to preserve and transfer to the younger generation the highest values of national culture – kindness, mercy, tolerance, respect for elders and preservation of family values, generosity and diligence.
academician of the Academy of Sciences of Uzbekistan,
director of the Ijtimoiy Fikr Center for the Study of Public Opinion
(Source: «Uzbekistan Today» newspaper)