DAILY NEWS HERALD
DAILY NEWS HERALD # 129
Public Relations and Mass Media Department of the MFA
July 4, 2018
Salaries in Uzbekistan to grow by 7% from 15 July. 1
BUSINESS CLIMATE: TOURISM... 1
Licenses in a New Way. 1
REGIONS: INFRASTRUCTURE.. 1
700 billion soums of funds is to be assigned over the next two years to develop Chirchik. 1
International relationships. 2
President ratifies agreement between Uzbekistan and Turkey on extradition. 2
The Consultative Body Decides…... 2
What Is Changing in Schools?. 4
Salaries in Uzbekistan to grow by 7% from 15 July
President of Uzbekistan Shavkat Mirziyoyev signed a decree “On increasing the sizes of salaries, pensions, stipends and social allowances”.
The document was adopted at increasing income and life standards of population, as well as strengthening social support of citizens of Uzbekistan.
According to the decree, the salaries to workers of budget organizations, pensions, allowances and stipends to students will increase by 1.07 times on the average from 15 July 2018.
The following minimum sizes will be effective in Uzbekistan starting from 15 July 2018:
salaries – 184,300 soums (currency rates of CB RU from 01.07.2018, 1$= 7846.27 soums) per month (now - 172,240 soums);
pensions – 360,460 soums per month (now - 336,880 soums);
allowances for elderly and work incapable citizen without the required work experience – 221,190 soums per month (now - 206,720 soums).
The decree recommended business entities and organizations increase the salaries of their workers in line with the minimal salary, set by the document.
BUSINESS CLIMATE: TOURISM
Licenses in a New Way
In accordance with the Decree of President of the Republic of Uzbekistan on measures to further reduce and simplify licensing and certification procedures in the field of entrepreneurial activities, as well as improving the business environment, signed 11 April 2018, and the presidential resolution on additional measures for the accelerated development of the system of rendering public services, also inked 11 April 2018, changes have been introduced in the procedure for licensing tourism activities from June 1, 2018.
Now, the licensing of tourism (travel operator) activities is transferred to the regional divisions of the State Committee for the Development of Tourism of the Republic of Uzbekistan and the departments for the development of tourism.
Submission of documents for obtaining a license for the right to carry out tourist (travel operator) activities is carried out through the Centers for Public Services or through the Single Portal of Interactive Public Services.
In this regard, to obtain a license for the right to carry out tourism (travel operator) activities, you can contact the regional department of the State Committee for Tourism Development.
(Source: «Uzbekistan Today» newspaper)
700 billion soums of funds is to be assigned over the next two years to develop Chirchik
The city plans to create 1,358 new jobs. This will happen thanks to the establishment of 10 new industrial enterprises and the expansion of another 12 existing ones. In addition, the implementation of 29 projects in the services sector, of which 10 are be implemented in new ones and 19 on the basis of existing lines.
The authorities also intend to erect 186 apartment buildings, build and repair 12.6 km of internal roads, 136 gas distribution points, 8.1 km of water supply and 5.7 km of sewerage networks. In seven mahallas, two-circuit gas boilers will be installed.
In addition, major repairs will be carried out in four pre-school educational institutions; they will build two new ones and repair eight operating schools. The Uzbek State University of Physical Culture and Sports will have its own hostel for 1,200 beds, and in the educational building of the Chirchik State Pedagogical Institute will undergo reconstruction. Also, 2 polyclinics will be renovated so that they can collect up to 560 patients in the future.
The plans will require financing in the amount of 700.7 billion soums (currency rates of CB RU from 01.07.2018, 1$= 7846.27 soums). Of these, 17% will be allocated by the government from trust funds and the local budget. Business entities that are initiators of the projects will pay 54% of the costs, and banks will help with loans to cover the remaining 29% of the funds.
(Source: «Uzbekistan Today» newspaper)
President ratifies agreement between Uzbekistan and Turkey on extradition
On 2 July 2018, President Shavkat Mirziyoyev signed a law “On ratification of the agreement between the Republic of Uzbekistan and the Republic of Turkey on extradition".
The Legislative Chamber of the Oliy Majlis passed the law on 26 June 2018. The Senate approved the document on 28 June 2018.
The agreement between Uzbekistan and Turkey on extradition was signed on 20 April in Tashkent within the framework of the visit of the President of Turkey Recep Tayyip Erdogan to Uzbekistan.
The document will serve as a legal basis for ensuring the principle of the inevitability of responsibility for the commission of a crime and should contribute to enhancing the effectiveness of cooperation between the two countries in the fight against crime.
The Consultative Body Decides…
The Uzbek President’s international initiatives are materialized step by step.
Back in September 2017, speaking at the 72nd session of the UN General Assembly in New York, Shavkat Mirziyoyev came up with a number of key proposals, including that pertinent to the adoption of a special resolution on Central Asia within the framework of the UN General Assembly.
As part of this initiative, an international conference “Central Asia: One Past and a Common Future, Cooperation for Sustainable Development and Mutual Prosperity” was organized in Samarkand last November. The participants of the event, including foreign ministers of Central Asian nations and Afghanistan, countries of the CIS, Europe, Asia, as well as the USA, along with representatives of international organizations like the UN, EU, OSCE, SCO, EBRD, voiced their unconditional support for that initiative.
And the other day, following a months-long thorough discussion of the draft, the document was put into practice. It was interesting that the adopted resolution “Strengthening regional and international cooperation to ensure peace, stability and sustainable development in the Central Asian region” was adopted with co-authorship from 55 countries of Europe, North America, Asia, Africa and other continents, which indicates recognition by the international community the urgency of the initiative of the head of the Uzbek state. In addition to our neighbors, Germany, Italy, Canada, Norway, Switzerland, Australia, South Korea, Turkey, Singapore, Qatar, the United Arab Emirates, India were among those who contributed to its realization.
WHAT IS IN THE DOCUMENT?
The resolution included key initiatives of Uzbekistan. It mentions the main results of the Samarkand Conference, during which important decisions were made and the commitment of the countries of the region to strengthening bilateral and regional cooperation was confirmed. The document also expresses full support from the world community to the initiative of the leader of Uzbekistan on convening regular consultations of the heads of state of Central Asia.
Special attention was paid to the efforts of the Central Asian states to promote the peace process and socio-economic development in Afghanistan, their participation in regional political and economic processes. In this context, the document highlights the importance of the Tashkent International Conference on Afghanistan “Peace Process, Security Cooperation and Regional Connectivity” (March 2018) as a continuation of the efforts of the international community in support of the Afghan-led Afghan-owned reconciliation process.
The unanimous adoption of the UN General Assembly resolution attests to the comprehensive support of the international community for the current foreign policy of Uzbekistan on the establishment of close regional cooperation based on the principles of good-neighborliness and mutually beneficial partnership for the effective use of the potential of countries in the trade, economic, transport, communication, cultural, humanitarian and other spheres for the purposes ensuring the peaceful and sustainable development of Central Asia.
POINTS OF VIEW
According to experts, owing to the bold policy led by Shavkat Mirziyoyev, relations among the countries of the region have undergone a fundamental shift, which led to the creation of a completely new political atmosphere in Central Asia characterized by the consolidation of political confidence and the intensification of interaction.
Director of the Ma’no Center for Research Initiatives Bakhtiyor Ergashev:
- A qualitatively new stage of regional cooperation has come around, which allows us to say that we are turning to interstate interaction with the participation of both state and non-state economic factors. And this was largely helped by the readiness of all the countries of the region, the completion of the process of forming the national identity.
As far as integration processes are concerned, I always said that if there is any integration in Central Asia, it is only on the basis of transport systems. And this association can arise only in the case of the unification of transport systems of at least three countries of the region – Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan.
Central Asia has never become an independent entity and is still an object of external forces. The countries of the region are still in the process of forming their identity as an actor. This is a very long process, the indicator of which is that the states were not able to independently form their own regional integration agenda. And all regional integration projects were stillborn. Therefore, now the countries of Central Asia are participants of integration projects proposed by external centers of power – the CSTO, EAEU, SCO.
It seems to me that the agenda for the region proposed by Uzbekistan has a chance to become a platform for boosting the regional cooperation and Central Asia gaining its geo-economic and geopolitical entity status.
The subject of formation by Central Asian countries of their own actor status in the international arena has been commented also by Farhod Tolipov, director of the non-governmental scientific institution Caravan of Knowledge:
- After the Astana meeting of the heads of state of Central Asia in March 2018, it was evident that Russian expert and analytical circles, as well as their media, were actively expressing strange, in our opinion, aching reactions about this summit. The quintessence of such a reaction from different sources boils down to such a simple formula: that the Central Asian countries have gathered without Russia. The very statement “how did they allow themselves to meet without the participation of Russia?” is not just some nervous response by Russian experts or journalists, but in a sense, it hurts, if I may say so, the Central Asian countries. Because inadmissibility of such meetings is hidden in such expressions as “met without the participation of Russia”, thereby denying our right to independently take such decisions. This can also be evaluated as a denial of the right to independence. That is, we can ask these experts the question arising from this situation: do you doubt our right to meet on our own, make decisions independently, and therefore, refuse our independence?
Perhaps, you did not mean exactly this, but all your articles and comments, unfortunately, sound in such a manner.
Well, if we take a more fundamental assessment of such statements, we must remember the history of Central Asian summits, starting from 1991. Following the collapse of the Soviet Union, as independent states now, the five republics of Central Asia convened for various meetings and established a regional association that existed through to 2005.
Responding to similar statements by experts, I note that Russian participation in Central Asian summits began in 2004, when Moscow applied for membership in the CACO (Central Asian Cooperation Organization). This name was given to the Central Asian Association in 2001, which was previously called the Central Asian Union (from 1993), and from 1998 it became known as the Central Asian Economic Community. The names changed in connection with tasks that were becoming more and more ambitious.
And the most interesting happened afterwards. In 2004, Russia joined the CACO, and a year later, in 2005, the CACO ceased to exist. You can agree with me that the very accession of Russia into the CACO was rather strange, because this was a purely regional association. It is barely clear how extra-regional powers ended up participating in it.
And here I would like to ask the experts who were indignant at the Astana meeting without Moscow’s participation: what did the Russia’s history of participation in the Central Asian association result in?
The former resulted in that the latter ceased to exist! The reason cited for that was that the CACO began to duplicate the Eurasian Economic Community. But it could not duplicate in any way. Even in its composition it was different, as there was Belarus in the EEC as member, while Armenia, Moldova and Ukraine were observer nations.
As a result, the region has lived separately since 2005, which in turn led to the accumulation of a mass of unresolved problems. Summits convened previously were poor, somehow localized or froze the potential for conflict between and among the countries of Central Asia. Sure, water and border issues had not been solved, and the conflict potential had only mounted since 2005.
The ice moved aside in 2017, when Shavkat Mirziyoyev, speaking at the conference in Samarkand, came up with the initiative of annual meetings of the heads of state of Central Asia, which was immediately picked up by Nursultan Nazarbayev and the first meeting in Astana was proposed.
And today we can observe the rapprochement not only of the peoples of the Central Asian states, but also of the equally important rapprochement of the governments of the Central Asian nations.
As you can see, the Astana summit, which was modestly called an advisory meeting, did not start from scratch, it has a good and substantial background.
(Source: «Uzbekistan Today» newspaper)
What Is Changing in Schools?
Sherzod Shermatov, appointed Uzbekistan’s Minister of Public Education last week, has dismissed all heads of regional divisions and departments of the central body of the Ministry.
The decision was made on the basis of the order of Shavkat Mirziyoyev to update the staff of the Ministry’s system. The head of the Ministry said that the agency’s activities are based on three principles: quality, fairness and transparency.
“Only those who can follow this goal and the three basic principles will remain in the ministry, and to those who are not ready, we say goodbye,” the minister said.
A videoconference meeting was held in the Cabinet of Ministers of the Republic devoted to the fulfillment of the tasks set by the President Shavkat Mirziyoyev for the cardinal transformation of the public education system and its improvement in accordance with the requirements of the time.
A few days earlier, a meeting was held in the Cabinet of Ministers, chaired by Prime Minister Abdulla Aripov. It was noted that the President as a whole is not satisfied with the current state of the sphere, because, despite the data of the relevant tasks, there are no tangible changes. In this regard, the main managers of the system are exempted from their posts.
The transformation of the educational system into ‘assistants’ in public works negatively affected the quality of their work. Unfortunately, despite the fact that the head of state has adopted the relevant documents on the prohibition of forced labor, some officials in the field still cannot abandon old habits.
It was noted at the meeting that now such phenomena will be completely eliminated and those who commit such acts can be punished, up to bringing to criminal responsibility.
Irresponsible attitude to providing the necessary conditions for the work of teachers, lack of funds in sufficient amount led to a decrease in their authority. This was the reason for leaving the sphere of the best personnel, especially male teachers. In the end, the unity of education and upbringing was damaged.
As noted, measures will now be taken to adequately stimulate and raise the salaries of teachers. This process will be implemented in stages. In particular, for the full-fledged work of teachers, the infrastructure of schools will be improved, new school buildings will be built. This, in turn, will provide an opportunity to attract qualified personnel to the school, including male teachers.
The main task of the teacher is the transfer of knowledge. Unfortunately, during the past time, this vital logic has been damaged. In addition to the fact that teachers were forcibly attracted to public works, frequent calls to meetings, compulsion to fill various papers were practiced. As a result, diligent teachers did not have time to multiply their knowledge and skills, to obtain information about innovations in the system of modern education.
The Prime Minister noted that the new head of the Ministry of Public Education should eliminate the situation, and in this direction Shermatov was given the necessary tasks.
At the video-selector session, the schools noted the tasks set by the Ministry of Public Education directly, the inadmissibility of the distribution of power by hokims or other officials to the education system, the refusal to call the system workers to meetings.
Currently, 6 million children study at the country’s schools. If they get deep knowledge, we will reach the future, which we dream about.
Direct targeted delivery of funds allocated to the education system will now be provided. The main thing is that these funds will be distributed by the Minister of Public Education. Comprehensive support for the education system, in particular the INR, will be an important task for all managers.
At the meeting attention was paid to the problem of textbooks - the most important source of education. If the textbook is qualitative, accessible and reveals the essence of the subject - this will be the main factor for achieving the main goal.
In recent years, attention was drawn not to the content of the textbook, but to its author. Unfortunately, at the same time the main criterion was measured by the notion: this textbook was written by an acquaintance of such and such a person. The situation has reached such a degree that not only specialists, but even schoolchildren began to find mistakes in textbooks.
Moreover, how much money was spent to publish new textbooks in just 2-3 years. Meanwhile, the laws of the exact sciences - mathematics, chemistry, physics - remain unchanged. And the goal of a new compilation and publication of textbooks is clear. It's no secret that this, of course, served the interests of authors and publishers.
At the meeting attention was paid to the creation of textbooks in accordance with international standards. The necessary tasks in this direction were given.
Coordination with the modern requirements of the school infrastructure remains an important issue in the country.
As noted, most schools are two- or three-story buildings. Meanwhile, there are no obstacles to the construction of four or five-story schools. On the contrary, this will improve the conditions in schools, create subject rooms, and provide an opportunity to reach more students. As a result of non-use of opportunities in many territories, children learn in three shifts.
The meeting stressed that in the Model School project, attention should be paid to creating the necessary amenities for students in schools. For their comprehensive development, it is expedient to use internal opportunities. In this direction, the experience of one of the schools of the Sergeli district of the capital was noted. The fact is that it contains a student garden, in which every schoolboy has his own tree. The student takes care of the tree, timely watering. This takes an important place in the upbringing of the child, together with the formation of a sense of love for nature in it, it also contributes to an increase in the sense of responsibility. And the profit obtained from the gardens can be used in the interests of the students.
Giving the necessary tasks to raise the profile of teachers, the head of state emphasized: I will not respect someone who does not respect the teacher.
Indeed, the teacher must be the owner of the most authoritative profession in society. And for this, all measures will be taken. For this approach to achieve accelerated progress in Japan and Singapore - countries that are among the most advanced in the world.
At the meeting, Deputy Prime Minister, heads of ministries and departments, participated in the meeting through a video conferencing system, the chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Republic of Karakalpakstan, regional governor and the city of Tashkent and the responsible employees of the organizations concerned have been given the job on the issues discussed.
(Source: «Uzbekistan Today» newspaper)