DAILY NEWS HERALD
DAILY NEWS HERALD # 31
Press Service of the MFA of the Republic of Uzbekistan
February 13, 2018
Digital Race: No Will to Lag Behind. 1
International relationships. 3
Abdulaziz Kamilov receives delegation of World Congress of Bukhara Jews. 3
Uzbek-Korean Business Dialogue. 3
Meetings of Great Britain delegation. 4
Uzbekistan – Russia Youth Forum.. 4
Uzbekistan: 9+3 Formula Revoked. 5
Digital Race: No Will to Lag Behind
Almost every participant of the Almaty International Forum entitled “Digital Agenda in the Epoch of Globalization” used the term ‘digital economy’ in his speech. We decided to figure out what this concept means, which has already become quite active in scientific use.
Cooperation on the development of the digitalization of the economies of the CIS countries, taking into account world trends and tendencies was the key topic at the forum in Kazakhstan, which led to discussion of the issue of dividends on the basis of using country advantages and regional integration transformation.
Prime Ministers of the Commonwealth states told about the state of affairs in each country. As it turned out, according to international ratings, Azerbaijan has good indicators on online services and development of e-government infrastructure. Armenia is one of the first in the CIS region to launch the LTE network. The human capital index is the highest in Belarus. Kazakhstan has laid the foundation for the development of the digital economy: the program Digital Kazakhstan has been adopted, which will ensure digital transformation and technological modernization. Kyrgyzstan has significantly improved its online services and human capital since 2016. Moldova has a dynamic and competitive telecommunications market. Russia provides its population with access to technology and has good indicators for electronic services and services. Tajikistan improved its indicators on infrastructure development, the quality of population knowledge, business and innovation. In Uzbekistan, several electronic platforms were launched simultaneously, including open data portals and utilities, a system for public discussion of draft regulations. All this work is carried out on the way to the digital economy.
WHAT DOES THE TERM ‘DIGITAL ECONOMY’ STAND FOR?
For the first time the term was used in 1995 by the American computer scientist Nicholas Negroponte, and in 2016 one of the World Bank’s main reports, entitled “Digital dividends”, contained a study of the state of the digital economy in the world. Now this concept is widely used, and it is already consistently present in the everyday life of politicians, economists, entrepreneurs. However, till now its content remains blurred.
Roman Meshcheryakov, Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor of Tomsk State University of Control Systems and Radio Electronics (Russia), believes that there are two approaches to the term ‘digital economy’. The first approach is ‘classical’: it is an economy based on digital technologies, and at the same time it is more appropriate to use it exclusively in the field of electronic goods and services. Classical examples are ample, including telemedicine, distance learning, sale of media content. The second approach is extended: it is an economic production using digital technologies.
Associate Professor of the Department of Economics of Innovation of the Faculty of Economics at Lomonosov Moscow State University, Alexandra Engovatova, offers her definition: Digital economy is an economy based on new methods of generating, processing, storing, transferring data, as well as digital computer technologies. Within the framework of this economic model, in her opinion, the existing market business models are undergoing a radical transformation, the model for the formation of value added is also significantly changing, the importance of intermediaries at all levels in the economy is sharply reduced. In addition, the individual approach to the formation of the product is strengthened.
Lecturer of the Skolkovo Institute of Science and Technology Igor Uzhinsky believes that the digital economy is an economy in which the so-called cyberphysical system acts as the production system that creates products, services, provides life and convenience of people. Cyberphysical systems are systems in which there is an integral interaction between the virtual and the real parts of the world. The advantage of this symbiosis, according to the scientist, is that in a virtual world you can do anything, anything. Instead of doing something material and observing how this will work, you can virtually create and understand whether you need it or not.
It turns out that the digital economy does not imply an economy from solid figures or that under each product, because each product has some kind of measurement. The essence of the digital economy is that along with real physical products, real processes and technologies, there also existed the virtual reality of these same things, which have the same properties, the same qualities, work and exist in the same environment in which real products. And then, experimenting, creating all kinds of conditions that come to our minds, you can create a material reality much more efficiently, economically, and most importantly, it saves you time resources, because after losing this time, you can lose everything.
Summarizing the foregoing, it turns out that the digital economy can cover all that can be formalized, that is, turning into logical schemes. And life itself will find the opportunity to write this ‘something’ into the system of production, distribution, exchange and consumption.
Scientists report that the annual amount of investment in the creation of the digital economy in developed countries, including the United States, Japan, all countries of Western Europe, as well as the PRC and India, is about $ 960 billion per year. “And this is not just an investment, because the investment can be viewed as something that we invest and wait for, when the bright future comes. Each year, the return on these investments is almost $ 500 billion a year only at the expense of saving raw materials, increasing production efficiency, improving product quality, and so on,” writes I. Uzhinsky.
Scientists warn that those countries that do not use the capabilities of the digital economy can simply fall behind forever, because within the framework of this system, improvement occurs daily and hourly, which is, continuously.
While some scientists loudly say that the digital economy is fashionable, profitable and promising, others try to remind about the existence of certain risks. The authors of the article “The Economy of Platforms”, scientists of Harvard Business School Marco Yansiti and Karim Lakhani write: There is a bitter irony in that, creating unprecedented opportunities for the global economy, digitalization - and the trends it generates - will only exacerbate the already dangerous level of income inequality, will undermine the economies of countries and even lead to social instability.
In their opinion, hub firms like Alibaba, Alphabet / Google, Amazon, Apple, Baidu, Facebook, Microsoft are taking on an increasing share of value in the value chain: They not only subjugate individual markets, but monopolize access of suppliers to consumers. We can not do anything with this - the economy of the platforms with us for a long time. But hubs are obliged - from the economic and ethical point of view - to maintain the viability of the business not only of their partners, but also of the sectors they serve.
But whether questions of ethics in the CIS space will work, time will tell.
Prime Minister of Uzbekistan Abdulla Aripov:
- In different countries, digital economy will develop in different ways and rates, and that is a natural process. At the same time, it is possible to single out patterns common for all models of the advancement of digital economy – and that is the availability of an environment conducive for innovation.
We propose to devise a long-term program to support innovative projects in the field of digital economy, which envisages the establishment of joint venture funds, business incubators.
Prime Minister of Kazakhstan Bakytzhan Sagintayev:
- Effective digitalization is becoming a key factor in the accelerated development of national economies and the growth of the quality of life of the population. Leading countries of the world, their associations, such as the G-20 and the European Union, have adopted their strategic documents on digitalization. The Eurasian Economic Union also adopted a digital agenda through to 2025.
The presence of a common market requires the development of joint approaches and measures in matters of digitalization. The combination of efforts will provide a synergistic effect for development in general and for each country separately.
Russian Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev:
- We should not think that we, even the most advanced countries, will be able to advance the digital agenda for some very limited time. The differences between countries are too great. Too great is what is called digital inequality. I remember the G8 in 2000. Then the world inequality was first discussed. Over the years, we have not overcome it, although the ‘figure’ has become an integral part of our economies. We all have programs, but digital inequality has not been overcome, and this is the key thing.
Prime Minister of Belarus Andrei Kobyakov:
- Only coordinated actions within the framework of the implementation of the common digital agenda will allow the EAEC to gain a foothold in leadership positions both on the scale of the Eurasian continent and in the world.
In practice, our countries have not only a different speed, but sometimes a different direction of transformation. Instead of eating away, we are moving at the best in a parallel course. The transformation program should provide for the adoption of concrete measures with a clear indication of the timing of the implementation of plans. Only in this case will we be able to talk about genuine, and not declarative, integration in the digital sphere.
(Source: «Uzbekistan Today» newspaper)
Abdulaziz Kamilov receives delegation of World Congress of Bukhara Jews
Foreign Minister Abdulaziz Kamilov received the delegation of the World Congress of Bukharian Jews (WCBJ), headed by its President, a well-known entrepreneur and philanthropist Lev Levayev.
According to the press service of the Foreign Ministry, the delegation included the President of the Congress of Bukhara Jews of the USA and Canada Boris Kandov, President of the Congress of Bukhara Jews in Russia Yakov Leviev and others.
The parties discussed the state and prospects of relations between Uzbekistan and the WCBJ.
Uzbek-Korean Business Dialogue
On February 12, a business dialogue was held with members of the delegation led by Deputy Prime Minister of the Republic of Korea, Minister of Strategy and Finance of this country Kim Dong-yeon, In Tashkent.
More than 60 representatives of ministries of foreign affairs, trade, industry and energy, business circles of South Korea, heads of ministries and departments, companies of Uzbekistan, responsible for foreign trade, investment, energy, automotive, construction, chemical, light industries, medicine, education, transport and transport communications, information technologies and tourism.
Deputy Prime Minister of the Republic of Uzbekistan S.Kholmurodov, Deputy Prime Minister, Minister of Strategy and Finance of the Republic of Korea Kim Dong-yeon and others noted that Uzbek-South Korean cooperation is increasingly developing in trade, economic and investment areas.
Relations between the two countries rose to a qualitatively new level, after the state visit of President of Uzbekistan Shavkat Mirziyoyev to South Korea in November 2017.
The companies of this country are taking an active part in development of the economy of Uzbekistan. In recent years, new areas of partnership have been opened, a number of joint projects are being implemented in the oil and gas industry, energy, education, information technologies, engineering, chemical industry and others.
A video about the investment potential of Uzbekistan was demonstrated during the event.
During the dialogue, the sides thoroughly discussed the prospects for expanding mutually beneficial trade and economic cooperation between our countries.
Leaders of leading South Korean companies noted that the incentives created for foreign investors in Uzbekistan cause them great interest in expanding relations with Uzbekistan.
The delegation of South Korea visited Inha University in Tashkent. Deputy Prime Minister, Minister of Strategy and Finance of the Republic of Korea Kim Dong-yeon gave a lecture on the history of friendly relations between people of the two countries, cooperation in the field of information technologies.
Meetings of Great Britain delegation
On February 12, members of the delegation that arrived in Uzbekistan, led by the Director of Programmes of the UK’s Westminster Foundation for Democracy Devin O’Shaughnessy and Senior Programme Manager for Europe and Central Asia Chris Levick met with Deputy Speaker of the Legislative Chamber of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan S.Otamuratov.
During the meeting, it was noted that relationship between Uzbekistan and the UK is developing in many areas. It was emphasized that inter-parliamentary cooperation is of great importance in strengthening the legal framework of bilateral relations.
At the meeting, guests were provided with information about the bicameral parliament of Uzbekistan, the activities of the Institute of Problems of Legislation and Parliamentary Studies, established under the Oliy Majlis, the structure of the Legislative Chamber, and political parties.
Members of the British delegation praised the reforms implemented in accordance with the Action Strategy on five priority areas of development of the Republic of Uzbekistan in 2017-2021.
During the negotiations, the sides exchanged views on strengthening relations in scientific and analytical sphere with the Institute of Problems of Legislation and Parliamentary Studies under the Oliy Majlis.
Members of the WFD delegation also held negotiations at the National Center for Human Rights of the Republic of Uzbekistan.
Uzbekistan – Russia Youth Forum
Opening of the second Uzbekistan – Russia youth forum was held at the Central Council of the Youth Union of Uzbekistan.
The event was attended by members of delegation of the two states, representatives of diplomatic corps accredited in Uzbekistan, and talented youth.
The forum was held in accordance with the Memorandum of cooperation signed between Youth Union of Uzbekistan and Youth Union of Russia. The event is aimed at strengthening relations between youth of the two countries, further development of cooperation. The forum will be held on 12-18 February in Tashkent, Samarkand and Bukhara.
At the event, the State Advisor to the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan on issues of youth policy, Chairman of the Central Council of the Youth Union of Uzbekistan K.Kuranbayev, Chairman of the Youth Union of Russia P.Krasnorutsky noted that forum will promote further strengthening of cooperation between youth organizations, development of friendly relations.
Within the framework of the forum, it is planned to discuss a number of programs on establishing dialogue and exchanging experience between youth of the two countries, prospects for development of tourism and entrepreneurship, strengthening cooperation between youth organizations. Participants will visit Turin Polytechnic University Technopark in Tashkent and the Palace of Youth Creativity. Round table conversations on issues of supporting young producers, role of science and education in youth policy and other issues will be held.
Uzbekistan: 9+3 Formula Revoked
Compulsory general secondary education will be carried out on the basis of a continuous 11-year cycle. Training in colleges, which will be transferred to industry subordination, will be possible only on a voluntary basis and only after the end of the 11-year period.
President of the Republic of Uzbekistan signed the Decree “On Measures for the Basic Improvement of the System of General Secondary, Secondary Special and Vocational Education”, which abolished the formula adopted in 1997 for nine years of schooling and plus three years in a college or academic lyceum.
Starting from the 2018/2019 school year, compulsory general secondary education is carried out on the basis of a continuous 11-year cycle. And from 2019/2020 academic year, admission to professional colleges will be carried out from among graduates of 11th grades of general education institutions on a voluntary basis to obtain the relevant specialty (profession) with a training period of six months to two years.
The decree established the Republican Commission for the Coordination of Further Improvement of the Vocational Education System, as well as the corresponding territorial working groups.
She studies the activities of professional colleges in terms of determining the labor market needs in the personnel for the traineeships trained, their compliance with the programs of social and economic development of the region. The commission will also identify a potential industrial employer for the subsequent consolidation of graduates.
Based on the results of the research, drafts of the government decision will be developed to transfer professional colleges to industry subordination to the relevant ministries, departments, business associations, commercial banks and large enterprises, taking into account the actual real needs in personnel in accordance with the target parameters of the socio-economic development programs of the regions and the market forecast labor. The set of measures will be aimed at creating a network of multidisciplinary colleges for training workers in the professions demanded on the labor market for economic entities, including small businesses and private entrepreneurship. The optimization of professional colleges is due to the lack of demand for certain specialties (occupations) or the placement of general education schools and training and production complexes in them, as well as preschool educational institutions.
At the same time, special attention will be paid to the training of personnel in demanded professions, taking into account the priorities and prospects for the development of the economy, modern technical and technological trends, qualified mid-level professionals with practical professional skills, including using modern information technologies.
Sectoral subordination of colleges will contribute to a fundamental improvement in the quality of the training of specialists in demand by sectors and spheres of the economy, taking into account the real needs for personnel and proposals of employers.
The organization of the pedagogical process will be based on new forms and methods aimed at educating young people in harmoniously developed individuals, in the spirit of patriotism and devotion to the idea of national independence. Particular attention is paid to the development of spiritual and moral qualities of students on the basis of our rich scientific, cultural and spiritual heritage, respect for national and universal values.
At the same time, the main efforts will be aimed at ensuring that the requirements of national vocational education standards are in line with the requirements of the International Standard Classification of Education and the International Qualification Framework. Most importantly, work will be provided to ensure that the national qualification frameworks comply with the qualification frameworks of developed countries and their subsequent recognition.
It is necessary to ensure close interaction of the system of vocational education and production with the active use of innovative ideas, technologies and developments in the educational process for the training of personnel able to actively and effectively participate in the processes of further reform, modernization and sustainable growth of the country's economy.
Measures will be worked out and implemented for the formation and rational use of the modern material and technical base of professional colleges, including highly effective teaching and laboratory, computer and other innovative technological equipment.
This set of measures should correct the situation that has arisen in education. What was its need? Experts identified seven main shortcomings of the previous system.
First, there is no systematic approach to the placement of professional colleges near the places where people live. This is the reason for the periodic mass absenteeism of students, especially in connection with the insufficient development of road and transport infrastructure in the regions and weather conditions.
Secondly, the existing practice of forming the material and technical base of professional colleges led to the creation of training workshops that do not meet the direction of training, insufficiently staffed with the necessary components and spare parts. The average level of material and technical equipment of professional colleges is only 56 percent, and in 31 professional colleges there are no training workshops.
Third, as a result of insufficient funding, many necessary textbooks and teaching aids for the vocational education system were not published, 50 percent of the textbooks were not translated into Russian and Karakalpak languages, and the existing textbooks were never updated.
Fourth, the system of professional training in professional colleges that does not meet the real needs of the economic sectors in the regions, as well as the established quotas for admission to vocational colleges that do not take into account the labor market conditions and the availability of opportunities for the organization of industrial practice, as a result lead to problems with the employment of graduates .
Fifth, the current state of the organization of the educational process in professional colleges, applied educational and regulatory documents, as well as the terms of training do not correspond to the level of complexity of professions, shortcomings in the organization of industrial practice lead to a decrease in the quality of the knowledge obtained and, consequently, the weak demand for graduates in a number of areas education, which requires the organization of additional training in the workplace after graduation.
Sixth, inadequate development of the system of vocational training of different categories of the population on the principle of “Education for life” leaves the unclaimed labor market a significant number of adults, as well as youth and persons with disabilities in need of employment.
Seventh, the formal attitude to the organization of the educational process in professional colleges and intellectual, spiritual and moral upbringing of students, an ineffective mechanism for organizing their free time lead to an increase in the incidents of offenses committed by students and criminal acts, a decrease in attendance and interest in learning.
(Source: «Uzbekistan Today» newspaper)