DAILY NEWS HERALD
DAILY NEWS HERALD #24
Press Service of the MFA of the Republic of Uzbekistan
February 2, 2018
Address of the President of Uzbekistan to the Oliy Majlis attracted attention of the UN General Assembly. 1
Uzbekistan: Fresh Vegetables and Fruits All Year Round. 3
The first passenger electric train on the route Tashkent-Termez has been met at a festive event at Termez railway station. 4
New version of Virtual Reception of Uzbek President launched. 4
Address of the President of Uzbekistan to the Oliy Majlis attracted attention of the UN General Assembly
The main points of the Address of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan to the Oliy Majlis are circulated as an official document of the 72nd session of the United Nations General Assembly under the title "Practical measures taken by the Government of Uzbekistan to implement the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development ".
The document has been translated into the official languages of the UN (English, Arabic, Spanish, Chinese, Russian and French) and distributed to diplomatic missions accredited to the UN, and also posted in the Official Document System of the Organization.
The full text of the document is available below.
“PRACTICAL MEASURES TAKEN BY THE GOVERNMENT OF UZBEKISTAN TO IMPLEMENT THE 2030 AGENDA FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT”
The Government of the Republic of Uzbekistan is continuing to extend its far-reaching social reforms, which are designed to further improve the well-being of its people and to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals.
Uzbekistan entered a new phase in its development in 2017. A special focus has been placed on addressing the challenges highlighted in the national development strategy for 2017–2021 by mobilizing every strength and resource available to the Government and society.
A vital part of that process has been the implementation of the measures outlined in the Government’s declaration of 2017 as the year for dialogue with the people and promotion of human interests. As the President of Uzbekistan, Mr. Shavkat Mirziyoyev, made clear in his address to both houses of parliament in December 2017, government agencies must make the principle that they serve the people a cornerstone of their work, rather than the other way around.
As part of the effort to put this principle into practice, a new system is being used to engage in open dialogue with the public and to address their grievances effectively. Public reception offices and a virtual reception office of the President of Uzbekistan form the foundation of this system and function as a unique democratic institution that handles petitions from citizens. The main objective of these changes is to promote the interests of the people.
Initial measures have been taken to implement effective economic reforms in response to current needs. Laws, decrees and regulations have been adopted and are being brought steadily into force, as are comprehensive well-designed programmes that take a new approach to organizing the national economy with a view to its further liberalization, improving its legal framework and modernizing and diversifying production. Within a short period of time, 161 major industrial facilities have been commissioned in Uzbekistan.
The measures taken in 2017 ensured sustainable economic growth at a rate of 5.5 per cent and export growth of 15 per cent. The trade surplus reached $854 million.
The national currency — the Uzbek sum — can now be freely exchanged. Since the liberalization of the currency market, the number of transactions to buy or sell foreign currency has grown by 1.5 times. At the same time, the Government’s gold and currency reserves have grown by $1.1 billion.
In the past year, 12 free economic zones and 45 industrial zones began operating in Uzbekistan, fuelling growth in the nation’s regions. Work is under way to establish 50 additional industrial zones in the near future.
Job creation, which is considered to be of crucial importance for Uzbekistan, is a top priority. In 2017, 336,000 new jobs were created from the establishment of new industrial enterprises, the development of small business and private enterprise, and the expansion of the services sector.
Social reform — another key national policy component — is being carried out with the implementation of approved programmes. The Government is building affordable housing using updated designs and is offering subsidized mortgages. More than 3.5 million square metres of living space have been added with the construction of standardized multistorey housing in cities large and small. The volume of new residential construction has eclipsed that of previous years, reaching a level 20 times that of 2007, 3.5 times that of 2010, when the standardized housing construction programme began, and twice that of 2014.
Measures have been taken to mitigate the environmental situation in the Aral Sea region. The Ministry of Finance has established a fund for the development of the Aral Sea region, setting aside more than 200 billion sum or approximately $25 million. The funds have been used to improve water supply and the living conditions of the people living in the Republic of Karakalpakstan and the Province of Khorezm.
A special effort was made in 2017 to build new and repair existing educational institutions. Twelve new general education schools were built, 320 were refurbished and 152 underwent capital repairs. In addition, 107 preschools were built or refurbished and 195 underwent capital repairs.
There are plans to build thousands of new kindergartens throughout the country in the coming three to four years and to step up the quality of the education and care they offer. In addition, in view of the importance and impact of early childhood education, Uzbekistan has established the Ministry of Early Education.
Special schools that focus on the exact sciences and use innovative and creative teaching methods have been established. There has also been a push to improve the system of higher education. In particular, a comprehensive programme for developing the system of higher education in 2017–2021 has been adopted.
With the reorganization of institutes and branch campuses, there are now a total of 81 institutions of higher education, 15 regional branch campuses and 7 international branch campuses.
Systemic and infrastructure improvements have been made to the Uzbekistan Academy of Sciences and a number of its research institutes and centres have resumed their work. Elections to the Academy of Sciences were conducted for the first time in years. All these efforts have but one goal: to ensure that Uzbekistan can hold its own against global competition as regards scientific achievement, intellectual potential, a modern workforce and advanced technologies.
As part of an effort to achieve deeper reforms and the Sustainable Development Goals, 2018 has been declared the year for entrepreneurship, innovation and technology in Uzbekistan.
As a matter of priority, entrepreneurs will be provided with the fullest support, specifically by making it easier to import high technologies and the latest scientific breakthroughs and to integrate them into production processes. In addition, special measures are planned to create a broad range of opportunities for upgrading skills, training at leading international companies and organizations and engaging in mutually beneficial cooperation with them.
Uzbekistan is embarking on the path of innovative development that seeks to fundamentally improve every aspect of the nation’s Government and society. To that end, the Ministry of Innovative Development was established in 2017 to address specific challenges. The Ministry will be the driving force behind the execution of key projects having to do with the national economy and with the life of Uzbek society more generally. Specifically, it will focus on developing scientific research activity and innovation by mobilizing the funding required, providing every kind of support for the participation of talented young people in this process, and promoting creative ideas and proposals.
Uzbekistan has initiated a large-scale economic liberalization process. There are numerous challenges associated with strengthening the national economy before Uzbekistan can join the ranks of developed nations. There is a growing number of countries in the world today that are developing rapidly through the adoption of innovative development models and the export of cutting-edge ideas, know-how and smart technologies.
The Government is working hard to remove existing barriers to investment in the real economy and to encourage the implementation of completely new approaches to project development. To this end, as a first step, national development programmes have been adopted and a fund has been established to finance them.
Today, more than 51 per cent of the nation’s population lives in rural areas. However, the share of agricultural production in the country’s gross domestic product remains under 17 per cent, of which less than 10 per cent is processed. It has been proposed, therefore, that a comprehensive agricultural reform programme that focuses on ensuring food security is needed.
Concerted action has also been taken to protect human health. With a view to steadily improving health services, the use of smart medicine and centralized health records will be adapted to local needs and adopted, giving patients in the regions easy access to timely high-quality care and making early detection and remote prevention of diseases possible.
On the whole, the consistent implementation of reforms in Uzbekistan should assist in the achievement of the Goals outlined in the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, improve public welfare and address pressing social and economic challenges facing the country.
(Source: Press Service of the MFA of the Republic of Uzbekistan)
Uzbekistan: Fresh Vegetables and Fruits All Year Round
Last February, during his trip to Surkhandarya region, President Shavkat Mirziyoyev enquired into the activities of the agro-company, Gold Agro Fresh. The head of our state gave specific recommendations for the improvement of work carried out there. Within a short span of time, the construction of a modern greenhouse worth 35 million US dollars was completed.
“Who would have believed earlier that a greenhouse with an area of 100 hectares would emerge in the Termez district?” says Farhod Sherov, CEO of Gold Agro Fresh limited liability company. “It became possible owing to suitable soil and climatic conditions, availability of water, energy and other resources, necessary communications, support from the government. Currently, we grow tomatoes, cucumbers, radishes, cauliflower and broccoli, as well as greens for making salads. All this is in great demand among the population. We supply fresh vegetables not only to the domestic market, but also export about two thousand tons of tomatoes.”
The head of state, when visiting the agrofirm, gave valuable advice on the introduction of new technologies and popularization of experience in other areas of the region, also noting the need to expand the types of farm products. Nowadays almost a thousand young people work in the greenhouse, who in practice master the basics of farming.
The President’s recent visit to Surkhandarya gave a new impetus to the implementation of novel projects, and the adopted resolution concentrated efforts on ensuring food security and saturating the consumer market with quality goods.
“To hone peculiar skills of caring for plants under the new conditions of a greenhouse, we have studied foreign experience,” shares the case manager Bahrom Khudoykulov. “For example, on 20 hectares we cultivate the arugula, a plant considered a useful and required ingredient in the preparation of salads. Under the world standards, it should grow only up to sixteen centimeters. 21.5 dollars is paid in the global market for each kilogram of such products. At present, we harvest every sixteen days and immediately ship to our foreign customers.”
It should be noted that the drip irrigation method is applied in the greenhouse. The system is computerized. And mineral fertilizers, necessary seedlings, are added to water. Irrigation specialist Bayramali Azimov, graduate of the Tashkent Institute of Irrigation and Land Reclamation, controls the entire process so that each plant receives the required amount of water and fertilizer.
Thirty-two hectares are allotted for tomatoes. Ripe vegetables are carefully collected, packed in boxes for shipment to Russia.
“We have our own trading house in Kazakhstan,” director Tolibjon Jabbarov informed us. “They willingly buy products grown under the hot sun of the Surkhan oasis, as well as in greenhouses. On the eve of the New Year, the partners ordered a large batch of tomatoes of a special kind of pink color. In addition, an agreement was concluded with the Russian company X-5 Retail Group for the supply of tomato paste.”
(Source: «Uzbekistan Today» newspaper)
The first passenger electric train on the route Tashkent-Termez has been met at a festive event at Termez railway station
Uzbekiston Temir Yollari (Uzbekistan Railways), along with fast and high-quality performance of complex construction works in different regions of the country, also pays special attention to increasing the efficiency of freight and passenger transportation. A striking example of this is the work carried out on the Karshi-Termez railroad with a length of 325 km.
$ 327.6 million was allocated for the implementation of this project. The project was implemented by the builders of the unitary enterprise “1-energomontazh trains”.
“Our builders quickly and accurately carried out all the necessary works, including on difficult mountain sections of the road,” says the deputy head of the enterprise A. Kodirov. “All construction and installation works at the railway section of Darband-Termez were completed in two months. As a result, conditions were created for prompt delivery of goods to the south of the country and improving the quality of passenger transportation.”
The introduction of electric locomotives in the Surkhandarya region will drastically reduce fuel costs, increase freight traffic twice, and significantly reduce harmful emissions into the atmosphere.
“Until recently, we could not imagine that the movement of electric trains will be launched in the region,” says the veteran of the railway industry, the holder of the Mehnat Shuhrati order Sh. Devarov. “The electrification of our railways is important not only in the further development of the economy, but also in ensuring environmental stability in the country. Thanks to this, the efficiency of train traffic on the mountain sections of the railway road Toshguzar-Baysun-Kumkurgan will increase, it will be possible to extend cargo and passenger trains due to additional wagons. All this is the result of constant attention paid to the country's further improvement of the people’s well-being and living standards.”
(Source: «Uzbekistan Today» newspaper)
New version of Virtual Reception of Uzbek President launched
On 1 February 2018, an updated version of the Virtual Reception of the President of Uzbekistan was launched in the test mode.
The new version of the portal has new features. In particular, users can now open their own account. To register, the users need to enter a personal identification number, in their passports.
The personal cabinet eliminates the need to re-enter personal data every time during sending appeal to the Uzbek President.
The module “Online Consultant” will be launched in the test mode from 15 February 2018. This module allows users to obtain prompt legal assistance on various issues.
On the basis of questions from citizens, the section "Frequently Asked Questions" will be formed. Its main objective is to provide the applicants with an opportunity to receive an answer without submitting appeal.
The citizens can apply to heads of the state bodies with help of module “Schedules for reception of citizens by the heads of ministries and departments and the direction of the appeal to them”.
One of the important innovations is the “Report the persecution” module in order to ensure the rights and freedoms of the applicants. If someone is persecuted because of sending an application or complaint, he or she can promptly report this by pressing a special button.
The users should click special box, selecting which the users agree terms of the appeal and the law.
It should be noted that since the launch of the resource in September 2016, more than 1.6 million appeals have been received.