DAILY NEWS HERALD
DAILY NEWS HERALD #21
Press Service of the MFA of the Republic of Uzbekistan
January 30, 2018
Kashkadarya: Significant reforms to improve the well-being of the population. 1
In 2018, intensive gardens to be created in 7.4 thousand hectares of land in Uzbekistan. 6
Uzbekistan intends to build a new mining and metallurgical complex on the basis of the Tebinbulak field in Karakalpakstan. 6
ON THE 80th ANNIVERSARY OF THE FIRST PRESIDENT OF UZBEKISTAN ISLAM KARIMOV.. 7
Interview with Tatyana Karimova – wife of the First President of the Republic of Uzbekistan, Islam Karimov. 7
Women of Uzbekistan: Confidence and Optimism.. 10
TOURISM: Surkhandarya region.. 13
Touching the Mystery of Buddhism.. 13
Kashkadarya: Significant reforms to improve the well-being of the population
On January 28, the President of Uzbekistan Shavkat Mirziyoyev departed for Kashkadarya region for getting acquainted with the progress of socio-economic reforms, constructive and landscaping activities at places, as well as conducting dialogue with people.
The population of Kashkadarya region is more than 3 million 148 thousand people. The total area is 28 thousand square kilometers. There are over 182 thousand hectares of cultivated areas in the region. Of these, irrigated land is about 122 thousand hectares. The center of the region is the city of Karshi. There are 13 districts, 2 cities in the region, which have great potential. There are 50 large industrial enterprises, 57 joint ventures, more than 14,960 subjects of small business and private entrepreneurship, 20,333 farms, 19,917 dehkan farms.
President Shavkat Mirziyoyev during his visit to Kashkadarya region on February 24-25, 2017, got acquainted with many promising projects, gave necessary instructions on socio-economic development of the region. For almost a year, many promising projects envisaging development of economic sectors, modernization of production, putting new capacities into operation have been implemented in the region.
In 2017, the gross regional product in the region amounted to 17 trillion 366 billion sums. More than 70 thousand jobs were created within the framework of the employment program. 2,711 projects were implemented, including 776 in the industrial sector, 1,115 in the service sector and 820 in the agricultural sector.
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Vegetables and fruits grown in fertile Kashkadarya region are rich in useful elements, have high taste and quality characteristics.
Shavkat Mirziyoyev during his trip to Kashkadarya region in February 2017 gave instructions on further increasing the volume of processing and export of agricultural products harvested in the region.
The enterprise on processing fruit and vegetable products “Darmon sharbati” under private enterprise “Darmon pharm” in Yakkabag district was put into operation in August 2017. 12 tons of products are produced here per day. Modern energy-saving equipment can process up to 20 tons of fruit and vegetables per day. Now the enterprise mainly produces apple, pumpkin and carrot juice. In the future, it is planned to arrange production of juice from grapes, pomegranate and a number of vegetables.
The President of our country got acquainted with the technological process at the enterprise. The modern technologies introduced here ensure high labor productivity and product quality. Ready-made natural products are packed in packages of 1,5 and 3 liters. Mainly graduates of professional colleges, who have been trained by foreign specialists are employed at the enterprise.
Natural fruit and vegetable juices produced at the enterprise are of great interest among foreign buyers. Recently export agreements were reached with Russian partners.
President Shavkat Mirziyoyev noted that it is necessary to create more similar enterprises in the region, educate young cadres who are proficient in modern technologies. There are all possibilities in Kashkadarya for this purpose.
Presentation of projects aimed at increasing the storage, processing and export of agricultural products in Kashkadarya region in 2018-2019 was also held here.
In particular, “Easy agro international” LLC is planning to implement a project on processing and exporting agricultural products, resulting in production of 8 million canned vegetables and jams per year. The enterprise is scheduled to be commissioned in the third quarter of 2018. The output of the company at full capacity will allow to create 60 new jobs.
“Darmon sharbati” enterprise presented a project on production of baby food, “Sharofat opa Kakhramon kizi” agro company – a project on construction of a refrigerated warehouse.
The President gave instructions for timely and qualitative implementation of these projects.
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According to the custom, the memory of the deceased was honored, the surahs from the Quran were read.
The “Dorut tilovat” complex, which was formed at the end of the 14th and early 15th centuries, includes the Kuk Gumbaz mosque, the Sheikh Shamsiddin Kulal mausoleum, and the shrine of Gumbazi Sayidon. “Dorut tilovat” means “The place of reading the Quran”.
The Kuk Gumbaz mosque was built in 1434-1435 by the great scientist and statesman Mirzo Ulugbek on behalf of his father Shokhrukh in honor of his grandfather Amir Temur. Their names and years of construction are imprinted above the entrance arch.
The mausoleum of Sheikh Shamsiddin Kulal was erected at the end of the 14th century. Shamsiddin Kulal al-Fohuri was the mentor and spiritual father of Amir Temur and his father Taragay Bahodur. He died in 1370. Amir Temur erected a mausoleum over his grave.
The Gumbazi Sayidon shrine was built in 1437 by the order of Mirzo Ulugbek. There are several tombstones inside, dating from the 15th-17th centuries. Termez seyids are buried here. Seyids – the descendants of the Prophet Muhammad – enjoying special reverence, so the shrine is called Gumbazi Sayidon, that is, the “dome of the seyids”.
Shavkat Mirziyoyev talked with religious figures. The noble activity carried out in our country on improving the well-being of people was specially mentioned.
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President of Uzbekistan visited the city of Shakhrisabz during his trip to Kashkadarya region.
Today Shakhrisabz has completely changed. Historical monuments have been restored, the tourism infrastructure of the city has been improved, the quality of service has been raised to the level of international standards. The President of our country, during a visit to the Museum in Memory of Victims of Repression in Tashkent in August 2017, gave instructions on organization in Shakhrisabz of maqom evenings – the national song art. In accordance with the resolution of the Head of our state “On measures of further developing the Uzbek national art of maqom” of November 17, 2017, systematic work is being carried out on using maqom in the process of growing the national self-awareness, comprehensive development of our culture, upbringing the younger generation in the spirit of high moral values.
According to this resolution, an international forum of maqom art will be held every two years in Shakhrisabz, starting from 2018.
The President of our country got acquainted with the activity on creating necessary infrastructure for conducting this forum in Oksaroy square, in Shakhrisabz. Scientific-creative concept of the international maqom art forum was presented.
The Head of the country was told about the plans on building the Maqom museum at Oksaroy square, improving activities of Maqom center, the children’s school of music and art operating here, and overhauling the Shakhrisabz Palace of Culture.
After the famous artist Yunus Rajabi, unfortunately, no one consistently and seriously engaged in development of maqom. We must support representatives of this type of national art, emphasized the Head of our state.
Shavkat Mirziyoyev met and talked with maqom masters. The prospects for development of this art, inviting well-known musicologists, artists, creative teams and professionals for participating in the upcoming international forum of maqom art, issues of its organization at a high level were discussed.
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President Shavkat Mirziyoyev got acquainted with projects aimed at development of the regional economy, raising the standard of living and welfare of the population in “Koba” caravan-saray, in Oksaroy square of the city of Shakhrisabz.
A plan was presented for construction of tourism infrastructure facilities in Kashkadarya region in 2018-2019. The program provides for implementation of 167 projects, including construction of hotels, provision of transportation services, creation of recreation and entertainment zones, restoration of historical and cultural monuments, development of ecological and ethnographic tourism, transformation into a tourism zone of the place where Amir Temur was born.
The President of Uzbekistan, noting that tourism is a highly profitable industry for many countries, gave corresponding instructions on effective use of the existing tourism potential of our country.
President Shavkat Mirziyoyev was presented the Program of repairing multi-storey houses of Kashkadarya region and an initiative on improving activities of private homeowners’ associations. The total number of multi-storey houses in the region is 1,656, they are served by 151 PHA. Last year, 346 multi-storey houses were renovated, for which commercial banks allocated soft loans for 13 billion sums. The program of the current year provides for attracting 48,1 billion sums for this purpose.
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President Shavkat Mirziyoyev was presented the program on the main economic indicators and improvement of implementation of the tax policy in Kashkadarya region, payments of large enterprises to the budget, forecast indicators for the current year.
Heads of relevant departments told the Head of the country about the budget revenues due to taxation of real estate of individuals and registration of land plots, standard structures of district and city tax inspections. After hearing their proposals, President Shavkat Mirziyoyev gave necessary recommendations and instructions.
Within the framework of the project on improving drinking water supply in the region, it is planned to build new water treatment plants, to lay 77 kilometers of trunk networks, 162 kilometers of water supply networks, 16 water distribution facilities. The project of modernization and electrification of Tashguzar – Shakhrisabz – Kitab railway provides for establishment of movement of high-speed trains to Shakhrisabz.
Today, unfortunately, the region’s population is not fully provided with drinking water, noted the President of our country. We must make every effort to resolve this urgent issue in a short time.
Particular attention was paid to the road map on streamlining the labor market in the city and Shakhrisabz district.
The President of the country noted that social support for unemployed population is one of the most important issues today.
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The President of our country visited private preschool educational institution “Wunderkind” in Shakhrisabz, organized based on public-private partnership.
Special attention in this kindergarten is paid to studying English language and computer literacy, ensuring intellectual, aesthetic and physical development of children in accordance with state standards for the personal development of the child.
There is a music and dance hall, sports hall, chess room, mini-puppet theater on the ground floor of the kindergarten, on the second – dining room and medical post, on the third – classrooms for prep and junior teams, two bedrooms. Playground in the courtyard is equipped with various attractions.
President praised conditions created in the institution and instructed to build 25 private preschool educational institutions on the model of this kindergarten in Shakhrisabz, and to present a car of domestic production to Shakhnoza Holmakhmatova, head of the kindergarten, the winner of the State award named after Zulfiya.
The main objective of building such institutions is to ensure the readiness of our children for school, said the Head of the state.
Here Shavkat Mirziyoyev got acquainted with the construction program of preschool educational institutions in Kashkadarya by the state and through public-private partnership.
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The mausoleum, located in the village of Kovchin in Karshi district, is one of the ancient pilgrimage places. President Shavkat Mirziyoyev during his visit to Kashkadarya region on February 24-25, 2017, gave recommendations on improvement of Abul-Muin an-Nasafi mausoleum, creation of necessary conditions for visitors, organization of a library, translation of the scientist’s works.
Currently, a large-scale restoration and improvement activity is being carried out here.
Abul-Muin an-Nasafi is an outstanding representative of “kalam” science, made a great contribution to the wide dissemination of Maturidiyya teachings, founded by Abu Mansur Maturidi.
He was born in an educated family. His ancestors were respected by society as great scholars of “fiqh” science. Great-grandfather of Abul-Muin an-Nasafi, Makhul Nasafi was a disciple of Imam Maturidi, grandfather Mu’tamid ibn Makhul Nasafi became famous as a Hanafi scholar. Primary education Abul-Muin an-Nasafi received from his father and grandfather.
Arab scholars Hayriddin az-Zirikli and Umar Rizo Kahhol wrote in their works that Abul-Muin an-Nasafi was born in 1027 in Nasaf (present Karshi). In most sources, the year of the scientist’s death is indicated as 1114.
The most famous works of an-Nasafi are “Tabsirat al-adillah fi usul ad-diyn a’la tariqati Abi Mansur al-Maturidi”, “Bahrul-kalom fi ilmil kalom” and “At-tamhid li kova’idit tavhid”, kept in libraries of various countries. The teaching of Maturidiyya is commented in the work “Tabsirat al-adillah fi usul ad-diyn a’la tariqati Abi Mansur al-Maturidi” (“Explanation of the basics of religion on the basis of the arguments of Imam Abu Mansur Maturidi’s teachings”). The work of the scientist “Bahrul-kalom fi ilmil kalom” is one of the main sources of “kalam” science in Maturidism.
President Shavkat Mirziyoyev in a conversation with religious figures noted that works of our great ancestor are of great importance today. It is necessary to publish these works and bring their essence and meaning to the younger generation.
The President of Uzbekistan examined the handwritten copy of the Quran kept in the mausoleum, gave recommendations on its careful preservation.
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President Shavkat Mirziyoyev visited multidisciplinary farm “Bakht” in Karshi district, where he got acquainted with economic projects that are being implemented in the region.
The “Bakht” farm, organized in 2001, has 278 hectares of land and is engaged in livestock, poultry, breeding horses, camels and rabbits. There is an intensive garden on 4 hectares and a greenhouse on 1 hectare. Last year, the farm procured 55 tons of meat, 355 tons of milk, 64 thousand eggs and other products. Meat and milk are processed in the farm itself, finished products are supplied to the domestic market.
The President gave recommendations on further increasing workplaces due to organization of additional processing lines.
Presentation of projects on production of food, organization of plantations of red pepper and ferula, pistachio and nut plantations, development of livestock, turkey and beekeeping, milk processing was held.
President Shavkat Mirziyoyev, getting acquainted with projects of harvesting seedlings in forestry and efficient use of forest fund lands, paid special attention to innovative development of the master’s graduate of Tashkent State Agrarian University Akbar Saidov, thanks to which 50 thousand one-year-old lemon seedlings were harvested on 4 hectares in 6 months, in Shakhrisabz district. These seedlings, grown on intensive technology, grow twice as fast as usual.
Limonology is one of the profitable industries. Its development will increase the competitiveness of our economy, create sources of additional income. In this regard, it is necessary to support this promising direction, to form an association of lemon growers in Kashkadarya region, said Shavkat Mirziyoyev. “Agrobank” will become the founder of the new association.
Plans on creating a cluster for processing wool and producing leather and shoe products, providing population with eggs and poultry meat, organizing a complex of light industry under LLC “Guzor Textile Impex”, cultivating medicinal plants on rainfed lands, producing yarn and knitted fabrics in Mirishkor district, were thoroughly considered.
President gave appropriate instructions on qualitative implementation of all projects.
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Poems of the national poet of Uzbekistan Abdulla Aripov – the author of our National anthem, who expressed an immense love for the Motherland in his lines – are the property of all our people.
During his visit to Kashkadarya region in February 2017, President Shavkat Mirziyoyev got acquainted with the project of installation in the city of Karshi of a monument to Abdulla Aripov, noted the need for completion of the project, organization of the school named after the poet, and a museum dedicated to the works of Abdulla Aripov.
Almost a year later, the President got acquainted with the progress of implementation of this project.
Based on the improved project, a specialized boarding school named after the Hero of Uzbekistan Abdulla Aripov was built in the city. A monument to the great poet is erected next to the school, built in accordance with the resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers “On establishment of a specialized boarding school with advanced study of the native language and literature named after Abdulla Aripov in the city of Karshi” of May 24, 2017. The architectural ensemble is complemented by a wall with lines from the poems of the poet.
The museum of Abdulla Aripov is organized on the first floor of the school. Personal items of the poet, gifts presented to him are placed here.
The school is designed for 150 students. There is a house designed for 500 students and an assembly hall for 200 seats. Graduates of the fifth grades are accepted to the school on a competitive basis.
Shavkat Mirziyoyev got acquainted with activities of the school. Examined the museum, classes, talked with students.
The students conducted a poetic competition with students of schools named after Ibrahim Yusupov, Muhammad Yusuf, Hamid Alimjan and Zulfiya via video conferencing. They read Abdulla Aripov’s and their own poems.
President Shavkat Mirziyoyev wished students to become worthy followers of the great poet, become famous all over the world.
The President presented gifts to a group of students.
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A number of enterprises were commissioned in Kashkadarya region in 2017, including “LT Textile International” foreign enterprise in Karshi district and “Sulton Tex Group” private enterprise in the city of Karshi.
President Shavkat Mirziyoyev visited “LT Textile International” foreign enterprise operating in Fayzobod village of “Koratepa” citizens’ gathering in Karshi district.
The first stage of the enterprise, built at the expense of investments of Chinese investors, was put into operation in July 2017. Modern energy-saving equipment from Germany and Switzerland is installed here. More than 700 jobs are created at the enterprise, about 60 young workers have been trained in China.
The enterprise produces 22 thousand tons of yarn per year. The main part of the production is planned to be exported. Over the past period, over 4,6 thousand tons of raw cotton have been processed and over 3,5 thousand tons of yarn exported.
The President of Uzbekistan got acquainted with the activity of the enterprise, talked with workers. It was noted that all conditions will be created for foreign investors ready to contribute to the development of Uzbekistan’s economy.
Our main goal is to develop export activities and increase the welfare of the population, said President of the country.
Presentation of the program on development of sewing and knitting industry in Kashkadarya region was also held here.
In particular, activities planned within the framework of the second and third stages of development of LLC “LT Textile International” were considered. It will be completed in the second quarter of 2019, which will allow to increase production of yarn and create 650 jobs.
“Sulton Tex Group” private enterprise in the city of Karshi also presented a project on development of light industry in the region.
In 2018, intensive gardens to be created in 7.4 thousand hectares of land in Uzbekistan
In the year 2018, nearly 23 thousand projects will be implemented at more than 21,600 farms in Uzbekistan.
According to information from the council of farmers, peasants’ holdings and small holding owners, in accordance with these projects, intensive gardens will be created in 7.4 thousand hectares of land, new vineyards will be created in 4.3 thousand hectares of land, and greenhouses will be built in 844 hectares.
520 projects will be implemented to process fruits, vegetables, meat and milk. 785 projects for the production of bread and bakery products, 3,900 projects for poultry and livestock raising, 2,300 projects for fish farming and beekeeping, 2,100 projects for sheep raising, 170 projects for horse breeding and turkey raising and 8,000 projects for services provision will be implemented.
In the year 2017, the production of ready-made products was started at more than 75 thousand farms with the help of modern technologies. More than 45-50 per cent of the existing farms in Samarqand, Andijon, Farghona, Namangan and Tashkent regions became multi-functional farms.
Uzbekistan intends to build a new mining and metallurgical complex on the basis of the Tebinbulak field in Karakalpakstan
The new complex will be built by 2024. It will have a production capacity of up to 1 million tons of steel products per year.
In March last year, the Uzbek government approved a preliminary feasibility study of the Tebinbulak development project. It provides for the use of non-domain technology for the production of pig iron and steel.
The President of the country instructed to establish by mid-February 2018 a directorate for the construction of the complex and, before April 1, 2018, to introduce proposals on specific sources of financing. In addition, the company must, till 30 December 2018, submit a final feasibility study for the approval of the government.
A special working commission was also formed, headed by First Vice-Premier Achilbai Ramatov, who will be in charge of swift solution of the whole complex of issues related to the construction of the facility.
Also, energy specialists are engaged in the project. Uzbekenergo was instructed to connect the objects of the construction site of the complex to external power systems at its own expense by January 1, 2019. Also, the company in the period from 2019 to 2024 should expand and modernize the facilities of the North-West power system node to ensure uninterrupted power supply to the facilities of the mining and metallurgical complex.
Recall that previously there was information about the interest in participating in the project of the Ural Mining and Metallurgical Company (UMMC), founded by a Russian billionaire of Uzbek origin Iskander Mahmudov. The memorandum on its joint implementation was signed during the April 2017 visit by the President of Uzbekistan Shavkat Mirziyoyev to Russia.
Its total value is estimated at $ 1.5 billion, some of which can be taken in the form of loans in Chinese banks.
The deposit of titanomagnetite ores of Tebinbulak is located in the Karauzak district of Karakalpakstan. Approved reserves of the deposit are 450 million tons of ore, and total reserves are estimated at more than 3 billion tons.
Within the framework of the project it is planned to develop a quarry with an annual ore output of 22 million tons, the construction of a mining and processing plant for the production of iron ore concentrate with an average iron content of 65%, and a metallurgical complex to produce pig iron with an annual volume of 1.5 million tons.
(Source: «Uzbekistan Today» newspaper)
ON THE 80th ANNIVERSARY OF THE FIRST PRESIDENT OF UZBEKISTAN ISLAM KARIMOV
Interview with Tatyana Karimova – wife of the First President of the Republic of Uzbekistan, Islam Karimov
[Q]: Mrs Tatyana Karimova, we will soon be celebrating the 80th birthday of the First President of the Republic of Uzbekistan, Islam Karimov. We are all well acquainted with him as the head of our country, but I am sure our readers would be very interested to find out what Islam Karimov was like as a family man, to know something of his day to day life.
We know Islam Karimov as a strong-willed man, a goal-oriented, confident, charismatic person. What moulded his character? What can you tell us about his childhood?
[Tatyana Karimova]: It's true, those are the qualities which became the hallmarks of Islam Karimov’s whole life, thanks to which he was able to achieve everything he did. He was just a boy – he grew up in hard times, in the war and post-war years – when he realised what it meant to earn your daily bread. Times were hard for everyone after the war. His family was not well-off. They were just a simple family living in the old part of Samarkand. Islam didn’t know Russian when he started school, but thanks to his personality, his determination and tenacity, he finished school with a gold medal. His essays were read out to the whole class, and, as one of his classmates let on later, some of them made crib sheets from them to use for matriculation. And so there he was, a lad from a simple family who left school with flying colours, setting out to meet his destiny. He had nothing but that gold medal in his pocket and a heart full of big dreams. Yet he came back to his hometown forever as the First President of the independent Republic of Uzbekistan.
In her memoirs, one of his classmates describes an incident which nicely sums up Islam Karimov’s personality. While the class was out harvesting fruit in the summer, one of the adults asked the children what they wanted to be when they grew up. Most of them answered, ‘a pilot,’ ‘a carpenter,’ and so on, but young Islam amazed both children and adults alike with his reply: “I want to be like Amir Temur!”
Even as a schoolboy, his favourite literary hero was Danko, a character from Gorky’s story in which a young man sacrificed himself and saved his people by means of his own burning heart. His motto: ‘burning brightly be a light for others’ made a lasting impression on young Islam. It later became the President’s lifelong creed.
[Q]: Could you please tell us how you met? What was it about this young man called Islam that particularly impressed you?
[Tatyana Karimova]: Islam Abduganievich and I met in 1970 in Samarkand where I was a final-year student at the Faculty of Engineering. We first met at the home of his elder brother, Ibod Ganievich, whose wife, Khairiniso Sultanovna, was my cousin. I lived in a student hostel and would often visit them after classes. Ibod Ganievich and I got on very well, he was a very kind, intelligent and interesting man.
One day – it was just before the New Year holidays, I remember – I had been visiting my cousin as usual and was on the point of leaving when a young man arrived. He was introduced to me as Ibod Ganievich’s younger brother, and that is how we met. It was Islam Karimov.
It was early March, the seventh to be precise, the day before International Women’s Day. The weather was glorious. It was warm, and everything was bright and beautiful, fresh after a spring shower. The sky was reflected in puddles, everyone was in a good mood. I was in my student hostel. Suddenly I was summoned. They said someone was asking for me. I had no idea who it could be. I went out and there he was: Islam Karimov!
He invited me to take a walk in the park. It was the first time we talked together alone. We spoke of the weather, nature, studies. A normal conversation. But then suddenly Islam stopped and asked: “Will you marry me?” He took me completely by surprise. I can’t explain it. It was as though my mind hadn’t yet grasped anything, hadn’t time to reason, but my heart and soul said: “Yes.” When you are absolutely certain of what you are saying. I suppose I sensed this man’s strength, an inner warmth, his charm, certainty, a kind of magnetism… So I said “Yes,” and that was that. Just a few brief encounters.
In April, Islam went to my parents in Kuvasay to ask for my hand. We were married in May. There were two wedding ceremonies, first in Samarkand then in Kuvasay.
[Q]: You shared many years of married life. How did you get along? Did you have difficulties, and if so, what were they?
[Tatyana Karimova]: After the wedding, we began our family life together in Tashkent, in a two-roomed flat. We lived very simply. Islam Abduganievich was given the flat when he worked as assistant to the Chair of the State Planning Committee.
We got along well. We redecorated everything ourselves since his salary didn’t go far. We bought the paint, painted the walls and doors ourselves, varnished the floors, put glass in the balcony windows. We fixed everything! Though it was usually Islam who did most of it, with his own hands. He could turn his hand to anything. And generally, he loved doing things himself. I had a whole suitcase of tools, and could always produce the right thing at the right time – a drill, pliers, spanners, screwdrivers, hammers and lots of other things besides.
One day, Islam Abduganievich was painting the floor and was badly poisoned by fumes from the varnish. He had a terrible asthma attack, but he didn’t let me call the ambulance. I fed him milk all night long. After that, he developed an intolerance to the smell of any kind of paint.
Islam Abduganievich usually worked until four on Saturdays and Sundays, and after work we would do the wallpapering or painting, whatever was needed. He never misused his position, in any job. Other people, other civil servants, lived their lives differently, they even laughed at him, but it was his principle never to abuse his position.
Even when we moved to the state dacha he still preferred to do some things himself. For instance, if Islam Abduganievich took it into his head to hang a picture or rearrange the furniture after work, he would set to it straight away, despite my remonstrations to do it the next day with some workers.
[Q]: Can you tell us what else he was like, perhaps the President had some sides we couldn’t even imagine?
[Tatyana Karimova]: I’d like to tell you something which only those close to him could see. Islam Abduganievich was very fond of giving people flowers. It always gave him great pleasure. When we were just married, but even after he became President. And when we were strolling near the dacha, he would always find some little flowers or a twig from a blossom tree to give me. Those memories are very precious…
At the weekend, after practising on the tennis court, we would stroll through the avenues round the dacha with his tennis partners. And sometimes Islam Abduganievich would gather bunches of sweet-smelling bird-cherry blossom or his beloved basil so the men could give them to their wives when they returned home. He always wanted to make people happy that way.
Islam Abduganievich was not attached to things, he could easily part with them. He liked to give people presents. Our house was always full of souvenirs, but when we had guests round, Islam would pick up whatever came to hand and give it to them as they were leaving. I’m ashamed to say that sometimes I would even get cross if he gave away something I wanted to keep. But he could give anything away, just so long as it pleased our guest. It brought him great pleasure.
Usually his annual vacation was about a week long, and these were several short breaks of two or three days throughout the year.
We used to drive out to the Kainarsay in the mountains, not far from Tashkent, he was very fond of the scenery there, and often said there was nothing more beautiful than our Uzbek landscapes.
He didn’t like going to the doctor, and I always had trouble persuading him to go for any kind of medical check-up. He was always thinking about his work.
He loved nature, and was very much in tune with it. He wasn’t just fond of nature himself – he very much wanted his companions to enjoy it, too. Even people who were not at all sensitive to nature gradually came to appreciate it, learnt to see the seasons changing, be it at the dacha, or in the mountains. And Islam Abduganievich was always especially delighted when he saw blossom trees. He loved cherry trees most of all, with their blossoms of ‘white foam.’ He loved to see the first spring leaves and red-gold tints of autumn.
One year, two storks arrived to winter with us, and they later multiplied to a flock of 70-80 birds. Even though they were not the easiest of neighbours, Islam Abduganievich respected them and requested others to respect them, too. He would get very angry if someone went too close to the storks or frightened them in any way – they are very sensitive, delicate creatures, after all. They are a magnificent sight, especially when the white birds soar against a dark evening sky.
These white birds were a symbol of peace for Islam Abduganievich, a symbol of goodness, happiness and tranquility. So it is quite logical that the stork became not only his personal emblem, but a symbol for the whole Republic, too. We can see it in subsequent architectural designs, especially when we look at the Ezgulik Arch.
[Q]: What was our First President like as a father and grandfather?
[Tatyana Karimova]: Islam Abduganievich was very fond of snow, especially the first snow of the season. He always tried to make time for a walk in the snow with the children, and then later with the grandchildren. He taught the children not to be afraid of water, how to swim and ride a bicycle. When our younger daughter, Lola, was little, he would go out with her to make the first sledge tracks and, of course, make a snowman. On Sundays they would take bike rides together in the dacha grounds and in the autumn gather leaves. I still have the herbariums they made back then.
Later, Islam Abduganievich would relish walking through the dacha grounds with his grandchildren. He taught them to swim and cycle, too, and to see the beauty of nature around them. He loved to watch them skateboarding or roller-skating. He admired their agility – he was just an observer then.
When he became President he was much busier, so we didn’t have time to go out. My husband became even more focused on his work, with even less time for his family. So you could say it was my fate to serve Islam Abduganievich. I did my best to create a good working environment for him, especially when he became President, since I realised that work was paramount for him.
He had a strong character, he was very determined, and worked a lot, pushing himself to the limit. When we married, he was already an accomplished young man. I immediately realised what an important man he was and that he had a difficult but great future ahead of him.
I was always at his side. Throughout our life together, I have had to improve myself, grow and rise to the challenges, hone my patience and my understanding, because I always had a man by my side who himself never stopped learning, who always forged ahead. Our love has always united and led us throughout our life…
Women of Uzbekistan: Confidence and Optimism
The Center for the Study of Public Opinion, Ijtimoiy Fikr, has conducted a sociological survey “Women of Uzbekistan 2017: social well-being and social moods”, during which the opinion of the fair gender representatives was revealed about the effectiveness of measures aimed at increasing their role and status in society.
ROLE IN SOCIETY AND FAMILY
Answering the question of what role currently played by women in our society, the overwhelming majority (88.4%) of the respondents answered that in modern society, Uzbek women play an increasing role, taking an active part in the processes of state and public construction.
In the course of the study, respondents assessed how the degree of participation and role of women in the life of society and the country in the last ten years has changed. In 2017, the number of participants in the survey, noting the increase in socio-political and socio-economic activity of women, reached 59.9%, which is 16.3% less than in the previous year (in 2016 - 76.2%). These indicators show that in the Year of Dialogue with the People and of Human Interests, women have become more open about their opinions, which more accurately characterizes their situation in the life of society and the country.
In Uzbekistan since ancient times, revered and cherished family ties as one of the riches of the people. On the basis of a strong family, a healthy society and a strong state are formed. Along with the increasing role of women in the life of the state and society, its status is changing in the family. As shown by the results of the survey, the modern Uzbek family is based on partnership between spouses and in most families the woman occupies an equal position with the man. About this during the survey, 52.6% of respondents said.
During the period under review, the number of respondents who noted the subordinate role of women in the family increased. 26.8% of the survey participants believe that the woman in most families acts as an adviser, but not a decision maker. The number of respondents who gave such a response grew by 11% by 2017. This result of the answers can be explained by the traditional stereotypes of Uzbek women, who often define a subordinate role as the norm for women.
However, to the question as to what role the woman should play in a modern family, most of the women of the country answered that she should play an equivalent role with the man.
Women of Uzbekistan consider maternity their main destination (82.7%). In 2017, the number of participants who did not consider the implementation of the profession important for themselves significantly decreased. This indicator decreased by 13.3%.
At the same time, the number of respondents who answered that for them is the main management and management of households increased.
ON SOCIAL SUPPORT
To the question: “What are the two most troubling problems for you personally at the moment?” the survey participants noted the following positions: family well-being and the future of children (50.3%), material and financial problems (36.6%), housing (32.8%), problems with employment (20.3%), higher education (16.5%).
According to the results of the study, women's opinions were revealed about whether they needed social and material assistance from state bodies and structures. According to the survey, 23% of women need this help.
It was revealed that about half of the women who need support already applied for it. At the same time, they tried to satisfy their request, but they could not, and they did not receive it (27.4%), 23.1% of the respondents said that their request was fully satisfied. It should be noted that one in five respondents who applied for social support did not receive any response to their appeal and every tenth respondent was denied it.
The survey revealed the priorities of women in their attitude towards work. According to the results of the research, for women the creative character of labor is becoming more important, the respondents want to do the work that interests them. On the second place in the rating of motivational priorities was the size of wages. Participants of the survey emphasize that a stable source of income allows a woman to contribute to the well-being of the family, improving living conditions, opening new opportunities in raising children, and leisure activities.
The survey revealed that the majority of respondents are convinced that a woman should work and receive payment for her work. Interviewed women are aware of the importance of employment, understanding that working life allows a woman to raise the level of family well-being and provides them with a high social status in the family and society. On the contrary, approximately every sixth participant of the survey is of the opinion that the vocation of a woman is to be engaged in housekeeping and raising children.
The number of women who are temporarily unemployed and unemployed (23.2%) has increased since the previous survey. Each third (33.3%) respondent aged 18-19 years and 27.7% of respondents aged 20-29 gave such an answer. This is, for the most part, graduates of secondary and higher education institutions who, after completing their studies and obtaining a diploma, can not find a suitable job corresponding to the education they have received.
In the course of the survey, the women answered the question: “Are you satisfied with the size of the salary you receive at your main place of work?” The tendencies of the decrease in the number of women satisfied with the level of wages received at their main place of work have been revealed.
In the Syrdarya region 73.3%, in Namangan 55%, in the capital 44.1% of working women noted that they were not satisfied with the size of the salary received. About one third of respondents in Samarkand and Kashkadarya oblasts are also dissatisfied with the amount of payments received for their work.
The woman's confidence in the labor market largely depends on the opportunity to find a job with a good salary, which helps to meet basic needs.
In the course of the survey, 71.9% of survey participants noted that in their locality a woman can not find such work, this indicator increased compared to 2016, when 66% of respondents answered this question.
To the question: “How do you generally assess the level of social and socio-political activity of women in your city, district, mahalla, in the place of your work?” The majority (70.2%) of the survey participants noted that they created the necessary conditions for raising activity of women. At the same time, 15.9% of women believe that they do not have the necessary conditions to increase the social and political activity of women, their number increased by 9.1% compared to last year.
The majority of respondents (84.2%) agree that women should be given the right and opportunity to engage in public and political activities. 31.4% of the respondents stated that such a right should be granted to women without any conditions whatsoever. The other participants of the survey believe that a woman can take part in public and political life under certain conditions: about half of respondents (46.2%) think that women should engage in public and political activities only after she fulfills her duties related to with home and family; 10.5% of the survey participants answered that she must first fulfill all the errands of her husband; in the opinion of 11.4% of respondents, a woman can engage in such activities only with the permission of her husband; about 10% believe that women do not need to engage in public and political activities.
To the question: “Would you like to take part in the work of a public or political organization?” 73.1% of women answered “no” and only 14.7% of the participants positively answered this question.
ON VIOLENCE IN FAMILY
Every tenth woman answered affirmatively: “Do we have cases of violence against women in our society?”
The majority of respondents (54.8%) chose a more cautious stance, noting that cases of domestic violence are not common in the society and only happen in some families.
They noted that in recent years, due to the intensification of efforts to prevent cases of domestic violence, to increase the general and legal level of the culture of the population, there has been some decrease in the severity of this problem in society. However, 13.2% of the survey participants believe that the situation in this issue has not changed, and 3.9% of respondents said that cases related to the manifestations of domestic violence have become more. Especially often, this act was indicated by respondents from Kashkadarya, Andijan and Namangan regions.
According to the survey participants, the most typical causes of domestic violence are due to the presence of intra-family disagreements, lack of trust and love between spouses. Lack of work for the husband or his unwillingness to work, poor housing conditions can provoke the emergence of conflicts in the family and, as the respondent believes, lead to outbreaks of aggression on the part of the man.
Many of the interviewed women noted that immoral antisocial behavior (alcoholism, drug addiction), low cultural, educational level of a man, sexual aspects, problems in the relationship of the wife with her husband’s parents, becoming the causes of family conflicts, can also lead to violent actions.
At the same time, some participants of the survey believe that quite often a woman herself with her “inappropriate behavior” provokes a manifestation of violence towards herself, for example, “wants to be on a par with the man in everything” or “lightly behaves”, “disrespectfully behaves with mother-in-law or relatives of her husband.”
In general, women consider the use of physical violence by the husband against the wife to be unacceptable. However, almost every tenth respondent, as revealed in the survey, justifies the use of physical violence by her husband in relation to his wife in certain cases. Of particular concern is the fact that in some regions the proportion of women with such views is quite high, for example, in the Andijan, Jizzakh, and Kashkadarya regions.
Women explained their position by saying that “the husband in the family is the main one and should teach his wife”, and if she made mistakes or did something wrong, then “her husband can punish”, that is, they believe that conflicts and violent actions are everyday attributes of family life.
Participants in the survey, which allows the husband to use violence against his wife, asked the question: “In what cases do you consider the use of physical violence by a husband against his wife permissible?” The following answers were received:
Almost half of the survey participants (44.5%) believe that family violence is a purely domestic family problem, which the spouses need to cope on their own, and cases of physical violence against the woman on the part of the husband should preferably not be discussed openly.
Almost every tenth participant of the survey considers it necessary to adopt a special law directed against domestic violence.
LIFE OBJECTIVES AND VALUES
The dominant life goals of women are quite diverse and are mainly aimed at creating a family and strengthening its well-being, raising children, preparing them for independent living. Many women would like to continue their education, do their favorite things and have opportunities for professional self-realization. And, of course, survey participants, especially young girls, dream of finding happiness and personal well-being, being loved in their families.
As shown by the survey results, the absolute majority of survey participants (80.8%) are confident that they will be able to achieve their goals and realize their aspirations.
At the time of the survey, the majority of respondents experienced good (56.4%) or even, normal (36.9%) mood.
A good mood is inherent in more than every second woman interviewed. According to the women themselves, the atmosphere of peace and tranquility, stability in the country, and reforms implemented by the head of state contribute to this.
The social optimism of the participants in the survey, noted during the analysis of the respondents’ basic life orientations, also manifested itself in their answers to the question: “Do you consider yourself to be happy?” Thus, the majority of the respondents answered this question in the affirmative.
The confidence of women in their future, the general positive attitude and conviction in the attainability of their goals, the possibility of solving the emerging problems indicate a sufficiently high level of optimism in the social moods and expectations of the women of our country.
(Source: «Uzbekistan Today» newspaper)
TOURISM: Surkhandarya region
Touching the Mystery of Buddhism
In Soviet times, Termez was practically closed to foreigners. And today more and more tourists come to the city on the Amu Darya, wishing to touch the mystery and beauty of the dawn epochs in the local places of Buddhism. Here, every hill keeps an unknown, every monument is a legend.
That is why today many Japanese associate it with one of the largest centers of development of Buddhism. And it is this story that is the starting point, when representatives of travel companies offer the Japanese a trip to Uzbekistan.
Many years of research by scientists, archaeological excavations have revealed that this peaceful, calm city has a long and rich history. For thousands of years, Surkhandarya and its main city, Termez, were part of many empires - Alexander the Great, Genghis Khan, Amir Temur, sharing their destiny with them.
In the era of the ancient Kushan kingdom, formed in the 1st century AD, the city receives the name of Termite and becomes a major administrative and religious center of Northern Bactria. The Kushan possessions stretched from Darband in the north of Surkhandarya, where powerful border walls were erected, to present-day Pakistan. The Kushan kingdom reached its highest power under the rule of Kanishka I. Kushan kings held toleration, and along with Zoroastrianism, Hinduism and other religions, the cult of Buddhism flourished here. From here to the north to Sogdiana, to the west to Margiana, to China and Tibet, there were missionaries carrying the teachings of the Buddha.
An outstanding event in the world culture was the discovery, in 60 kilometers from Termez, near the town of Shurchi, of the Dalverzintepa settlement - a remarkable archeological monument of the Kushan state era. The settlement is surrounded by a defensive wall with a thickness of up to 10 meters with towers, inside of which there were casemates and galleries, and on the crests of the walls there are platforms for throwing guns and slingers. The central part of the city was occupied by the quarters of wealthy townspeople, built up by multi-room houses with front and backyards. In the southern part were workshops of artisans. Numerous archaeological finds of objects of Indo-Buddhist and Hellenistic cultures indicate that Dalverzintepa stood on one of the oldest branches of the Great Silk Road, which ran from the Termite through the Surkhan valley. Further caravan routes led to the Stone Tower, presumably located in the region of present Tashkent and mentioned in the Geography of Claudius Ptolemy, who described the path from Syria to China.
In the suburban zone of Dalverzintepa, the ruins of the Buddhist sanctuary are found, judging by the coins found here, founded around the 1st century AD. In the church there was a stupa, a prayer room and the so-called “Hall of Kings”, richly decorated with sculpture, representing cult and secular Buddhist and Hellenistic images. One of the most remarkable sculptural images is the head of the Kushan ruler in a pointed headdress. Elements of Greco-Bactrian culture are present in architectural details-attic bases of columns, acanthus leaves, in the folds of clothing of sculpted characters.
Here was found the second Buddhist complex with Buddha and Bodhisattva statues, as well as a Bactrian temple with wall paintings depicting priests and babies. A bright monument of the era is a “golden” treasure weighing 36 kilograms, found during excavations in Dalverzintepa and consisting of objects and jewelry made of gold, silver and precious stones.
On the territory of Surkhandarya, archaeologists have excavated several sites - Khalchayan, Zartepa, Fayaztepa, Ayrtam, testifying to the wealth of material and spiritual culture of the people who inhabited this land.
Finds of monuments of Buddhist culture continue today. In the last decade, joint research by Uzbek and Japanese scientists has been conducted at the ancient settlement of Koratepa. Recently, there were found dwellings of Buddhist monks. The stone steps, which are not less than two thousand years old, are led downwards, under the earthen dome of five meters in diameter. Nearby are simple objects with which monks maintained their modest way of life, sculpted images of a dragon, a winged lion. At some distance, a Buddhist monastery with a well-preserved stupa was opened.
(Source: «Uzbekistan Today» newspaper)