DAILY NEWS HERALD
DAILY NEWS HERALD # 06
Press Service of the MFA of the Republic of Uzbekistan
January 10, 2018
Dedicated to development of information and communication technologies. 1
Uzbekistan adopts Defense Doctrine. 2
O'zbekyengilsanoat and KITECH to create Textile Industrial Park in Tashkent 3
Does Uzbekistan Need Nuclear Power Plants?. 3
Uzbekistan International Youth Association commissioned. 4
The Coordination and Methodological Center on the Uzbekistan’s contemporary history under the Uzbekistan Academy of Sciences. 4
Dedicated to development of information and communication technologies
On January 9, 2018, a meeting dedicated to effectiveness of measures taken on further development of information and communication technologies and ensuring information security was held under the chairmanship of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan.
It was attended by the Prime Minister of the Republic of Uzbekistan, his deputies, heads of relevant ministries and departments.
Today a large-scale activity is carried out on consistent introduction of information and communication technologies into the system of public administration, the economy, social sphere and everyday life of people in our country.
Over the past year, digital TV coverage has been increased from 88 to 100 percent. The number of mobile users increased by 7 percent and reached 22,8 million. In 2017, services in the sphere of information technologies were provided for 7,7 trillion sums or 26 percent more than in 2016. 260 million dollars have been spent within the framework of the Investment Program(currency rates of CB RU from 10.01.2018, 1$= 8139,00 soums).
At the meeting, priorities for 2018 and the near future were discussed along with the achieved results.
The President of our country noted that much remains to be done in the sphere of information technologies, the achieved results are noticeably lagging behind the indicators of other countries.
Thus, the share of information technology in the gross domestic product in South Korea is 9 percent, in Japan – 5,5 percent, in China and India – 4,7 percent, and in Uzbekistan – only 2,2 percent. Uzbekistan occupies the 95th place among 176 countries in the index of information and communication development.
Information on the ongoing activities of expanding the coverage and increasing the speed of connection to the Internet, establishment of interaction with leading foreign companies in the field of software and telecommunications, further development of the “Electronic government” system was provided at the meeting.
I was informed that 20 million people are using the Internet in our country. However, due to the limited range of services provided through the national Internet services, most of the population are using it only for correspondence through “Telegram”, said Shavkat Mirziyoyev.
At the meeting it was noted that the average speed of Internet connection in the CIS countries is 10 times faster than in our country. Telecommunications operators do not invest in expanding telecommunications network in remote areas, on territories adjacent to roads and railways.
Responsible persons were instructed to take measures on sharply lowering prices for access to the Internet, increasing the speed of connection at least 4 times, bringing it to the level of the CIS countries by 2020.
Concept of the project was developed in accordance with the program of creating a single complex “Safe city”. It provides for installation of more than 16 thousand video cameras, organization of a Data Processing Center and situational centers in Tashkent. At the same time, it is planned to implement the systems of “Safe tourism”, “Safe territory”, “112”, video surveillance over the entrance examinations to higher education institutions and fixing violations of traffic rules.
At the meeting, measures taken on accelerating implementation of “Safe territory” project and other projects promoting public order were considered.
More than 140 enterprises, where more than thousand programmers are working today, received the status of a resident in Mirzo Ulugbek Innovation Center, established in accordance with the Decree of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan of June 30, 2017. The most modern technologies and methods of teaching are being widely introduced at Tashkent University of Information Technologies named after Muhammad al-Khorazmiy.
Relevant instructions were given on development this year of the Strategy for further development of the “Electronic government” system in 2018-2021, taking into account international experience and development trends of modern ICT, increasing the volume of works and services produced by residents of Mirzo Ulugbek Innovation Center not less than 2 times, as well as 1,8 times the volume of their exports, assisting residents in cooperation with foreign companies and access to new markets.
The need to ensure entry of Tashkent University of Information Technologies named after Muhammad al-Khorazmiy into the 1000 most prestigious universities of the world in the next 3 years, strengthening cooperation with leading universities and industry companies, organizing internships and improving qualifications of professors, teachers and students abroad was emphasized.
At the meeting, insufficient level of work on production of national software products and preparation of necessary national personnel was noted. The Head of our state set specific tasks for responsible officials on improvement of activities of the national operator and programmers so that they would be able to compete with major technology corporations of the world.
At the meeting, officials were given instructions on increasing efficiency of “Uzbektelecom” company, applying financial penalties to entities that are illegally conducting international telephone calls through telecommunications networks, radically reviewing and further development of the postal communication system based on international experience, development of an information security concept.
(Source: UzA )
Uzbekistan adopts Defense Doctrine
On 9 January 2018, President of Uzbekistan Shavkat Mirziyoyev signed a law “On Defense Doctrine of the Republic of Uzbekistan”.
The Defense Doctrine of the Republic of Uzbekistan represents a system of official views, principles and approaches to ensuring national security in the military sphere.
The document is based on the legislative acts of the republic and the norms of international law, proceeds from the national interests of the country, the military and political situation in the world and the region, the nature of modern military conflicts, and also determines the priorities of the state’s defense policy, the basic principles and directions of training, construction and the use of the Armed Forces.
It is also established that, depending on the changes in the spectrum of threats to national security in the military sphere, the conditions of the military-political situation, the nature of modern military conflicts, the tasks and directions for the development of the country’s military organization, certain provisions of the Defense Doctrine can be specified and supplemented in accordance with the procedure established by law.
At the same time, the priority directions of the state’s activity in the sphere of ensuring military security are specified by the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan, the Supreme Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces.
The defense doctrine has an open character, which corresponds to the foreign experience of adopting similar conceptual documents.
O'zbekyengilsanoat and KITECH to create Textile Industrial Park in Tashkent
The Korean side noted the importance of the selection of technical staff (engineers for dyeing, laboratory, mechanical and sewer equipment, safety, etc.) until mid-February 2018.
The delegation of the Republic of Uzbekistan comprised of representatives of JSC "O`zbekengilsanoat", the Ministry of higher and secondary special education and the Tashkent Institute of Textile and Light Industry visited the Republic of Korea, following the invitation of the Korean Institute of Industrial Technology (KITECH). The main purpose of the visit was to discuss a project to establish Textile Industrial Park in the city of Tashkent.
The Korean side noted the importance of the selection of technical staff (engineers for dyeing, laboratory, mechanical and sewer equipment, safety, etc.) until mid-February 2018, in order to organize the study simultaneously with the assembly of the supplied equipment. At the same time, the Korean side noted that the funding of technical staff is not included in the project budget and the Uzbek side will have to implement it.
Does Uzbekistan Need Nuclear Power Plants?
Deputy director of the Institute of Nuclear Physics under Uzbekistan’s Academy of Sciences, Ilhom Sadikov, has told UT readers why it is necessary to build an atomic power station in Uzbekistan.
The Rosatom’s Director General Alexei Likhachev during his visit to Tashkent noted the high potential for the development of nuclear physics and nuclear power in Uzbekistan. As a result of his trip, an intergovernmental agreement was concluded on the construction of nuclear power plants and research reactors inUzbekistan, materials science, the study of the country’s mineral and raw materials base, and others.
A. Likhachev: Our proposal is to build a station here from two blocks of the three plus generation of VVER-1200 within time frames the Uzbek side considers acceptable for itself. Our experience in building such stations is very solid.
Does Uzbekistan need nuclear power plants?
Practically not a single Uzbek specialist is left indifferent with this question. Deputy director of the Institute of Nuclear Physics of Uzbekistan’sAcademyofSciences Ilhom Sadikovexplained why:
- Electricity production in the republic is about 50 billion kWh / year. AndUzbekistanfaces an important task today: in the coming years, it should move from the raw material appendage to the status of an industrialized country. It is clear that this requires deep processing of all types of goods. According to expert estimates, by 2025-2030Uzbekistanwill withdraw from the list of natural gas exporting countries. A nuclear power plant with a guaranteed stable and relatively cheap generation can help solve this problem.
First, the electricity produced at nuclear power plants is the cheapest at a cost price among all types of electricity sources.
Second, it is the most environmentally friendly source. The abandonment of nuclear power plants gives an increase in the release of more than 370 million tons of carbon dioxide per year into the atmosphere. Radioactive waste is formed in small quantities, and crucially, they are controlled, in contrast to waste from thermal power plants.
Thirdly, Uzbekistan is in the top ten countries for uranium mining in the world and we can provide ourselves with cheap fuel.
Fourth, the nuclear power plant will address the problem of electricity supply to neighboring countries, and thus solve the issue of water transfer toUzbekistanin the summer season. The nuclear power plant will give impetus to the development of oil and gas chemistry, raising the level of technical education in this segment, among other things.
Many countries, includingChina,India, theRepublicofKorea,Germany,Japan, have passed a similar path from the construction of nuclear power plants with the involvement of nuclear weapon technologies, personnel training, localization of production, design, research and development (R & D) and so forth.
Why did the choice fall on the Russian corporation?
- Rosatom is the only company in the world with a full cycle and the most modern technologies. In addition, it will provide training and retraining of personnel, licensing technology transfer, joint R & D and scientific research, localization. In addition, theRussian Federationprovides a loan for the construction and launch of nuclear power plants.
(Source: «Uzbekistan Today» newspaper)
Uzbekistan International Youth Association commissioned
The Ministry of justice registered non-profit organization "Uzbekistan International Youth Association".
The new Association will focus on the support and protection of interests of youth studying and working abroad.
The Coordination and Methodological Center on the Uzbekistan’s contemporary history under the Uzbekistan Academy of Sciences
Phone: (+99871) 233-37-01
E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org
Tashkent, Shakhrisabz, 1-driveway, h.5, 8-th floor
The Coordination and Methodological Center of the Uzbekistan’s contemporary history under the Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Uzbekistan is the working agency of the Public Council for Contemporary History of Uzbekistan, acting on a voluntary basis by a scientific and coordination, advisory interdepartmental part, formed to promote research and teaching of modern Uzbekistan's history. Estimate quality of scientific, educational and methodological literature, spiritual and educational work in this sphere.
The main activities of the Center are:
- сoordination and organization of a systematic study of the contemporary history of Uzbekistan, based on modern methodological approaches and interdisciplinarity;
- carrying out researches to improve the methodology of studying history of Uzbekistan;
- organization of development of actual problems on studying the contemporary history of Uzbekistan;
- assistance in the formation of historical memory, national self-awareness, honor historical traditions, cultural heritage of the people;
- study of modern foreign scientific literature on the history of Uzbekistan;
- bringing to the international society objective information about the historical past, socio-economic and socio-political development of modern Uzbekistan;
- development of proposals for inclusion to the list of tasks of competitions of scientific and technical projects on research of the contemporary history of Uzbekistan within the framework of state scientific and technical programs;
- participation in holding competitions for the creation of educational and methodological literature on the modern history of Uzbekistan.
As part of its activities, the Center cooperates with research organizations of foreign countries and international funds, publishes the journal "Actual Issues of Contemporary History of Uzbekistan". The Center organizes and conducts international and republican conferences and seminars on topical issues of the contemporary history of Uzbekistan, publishes educational, scientific and methodical literature.
There are three departments in the Center: expertise of the spiritual, educational and methodological literature on history; organization of scientific research and preparation of educational, scientific and methodical literature; monitoring and analysis of foreign studies on the Uzbekistan’s contemporary history.
The head of the Center is Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor M.A.Rakhimov. In the Center are working: Candidate of Historical Sciences, associate professor S.A.Pulatova, candidate of Historical Sciences B.A.Aminov, candidate of Historical Sciences I.М.Shamsiyeva, senior research associates A.T.Zamonov, K.К.Sagdullaev, P.A.Kurbanamamadov. Also part-time in the Center are the candidate of historical sciences, associate professor Kh.A.Buriyeva, junior researcher Sh.E.Ziyoyev.
The monographs in English "Central Asia: Issues, Problems and Perspectives" (Germany, 2015) and "Historical Links of Eastern and Central Asia" (India, 2105) were published under the editorship of the Director of the Center prof. M.A. Rakhimov. The employees of the Center are the authors of the monographs "Stratification processes of Uzbekistan’s society in the context of historical processes" (2014), "Cooperation of Uzbekistan and Central Asian countries with the leading countries of the world" (2016).
In addition, with the participation of the Center's staff, a number of textbooks were prepared and published, such as "History of Uzbekistan", "World History" for pupils of 10 classes (in 7 languages), the tutorial "Contemporary History of Uzbekistan", schoolbooks and chrestomathy for students of grades 6-9 on the subject "History of Uzbekistan", a collection of verbal histories "Historical Memory and Independence" (in uzbek language).
For more information about the Center's activities, please visit: www.tmarkaz.uz