2017 - The Year of Dialogue with the People and Human Interests
Cooperation within the frameworks of ILО
INFORMATION DIGEST OF PRESS OF UZBEKISTAN
INFORMATION DIGEST OF
PRESS OF UZBEKISTAN # 199
October 10, 2017
On participation of the President of Uzbekistan in the upcoming CIS summit 1
Message of the Central bank of the Republic of Uzbekistan. 1
GM Uzbekistan has launched the Single portal for sales Chevrolet.uz, where you can get on the electronic queue for the purchase of a car 2
Uzbekistan: Boosting the green economy. 2
On participation of the President of Uzbekistan in the upcoming CIS summit
On October 10-11, 2017, President of the Republic of Uzbekistan Shavkat Mirziyoyev will take part in the regular meeting of the Council of the Heads of States of the Commonwealth of Independent States, in the city of Sochi.
At the meeting, the heads of the CIS member states are expected to discuss the current state and prospects of further development of multilateral cooperation, exchange views on regional and international issues, consider the issue of the presiding state in the Commonwealth in 2018.
Following the results of the summit, it is planned to adopt the Statement of the Heads of States of the CIS on supporting family institutions and traditional family values, the decision on declaring 2019 as the Year of Book, 2020 – the Year of the 75th anniversary of Victory in the Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945, and other documents aimed at strengthening interaction between the member states of the Commonwealth.
The President of Uzbekistan will also hold a number of bilateral meetings in Sochi.
Message of the Central bank of the Republic of Uzbekistan
The Сentral Bank of the Republic Uzbekistan fixed the following rates of the foreign currencies to sum since October 10, 2017 to conduct bookkeeping, statistical and other statements on currency transactions as well as calculations of customs and other obligatory payments.
1 US Dollar 8052,08
1 Euro 9450,73
1 Russian Ruble 138,52
1 Pound Sterling 10547,42
1 Japanese Yen 71,52
1 South Korean Won 7,04
1 Kuwaiti Dinar 26649,28
1 Malaysian Ringgit 1903,57
1 Yuan Renminbi 1213,83
1 Singapore Dollar 5905,02
1 Swiss Franc 8233,21
1 UAE Dirham 2192,35
1 Egyptian Pound 457,48
1 Australian Dollar 6253,25
1 Turkish Lira 2170,14
1 Special Drawing Rights 11344,58
1 Canadian Dollar 6424,19
1 Ukrainian Hryvnia 301,01
1 Polish Zloty 2192,77
*Rates are fixed without obligations of the Central bank of Republic Uzbekistan to buy or sell currency at the given rate.
GM Uzbekistan has launched the Single portal for sales Chevrolet.uz, where you can get on the electronic queue for the purchase of a car
A unique service will allow you to select the car of the required configuration in real time, including the model, the coloring, the appropriate equipment, and also to choose the nearest auto show for registration of the application.
“Already now, thanks to the portal, any person can stand in the electronic queue for the purchase of a car. To do this, you need to perform a number of simple actions: go to chevrolet.uz website, register, enter your passport information, TIN, cell phone number and e-mail. Then the customer can study in detail the available cars, their modifications and options, choose the one they like and place an order for it,” said the head of the department for the development of the national information system of the Uzinfocom center, Husan Berdiyev.
According to him, after all these actions, the portal will generate a unique identification number, and the client will be able to check its status in the queue thanks to it. After the queue for buying a car is suitable, the dealer will inform the customer about it, inviting him to come to the auto salon to receive the car.
- The new system is designed to provide maximum convenience when buying a car, providing transparency at all stages. Until the end of the year, we plan to launch the opportunity to provide customers with a portal with a contract for the purchase of a car. He will only have to pay for it and wait for his car. Our ultimate goal is to make the portal a real system, when not only cars, but also spare parts will be sold here, all the necessary information on service and maintenance will be available, said Alisher Kamilov, head of the planning directorate of GM Uzbekistan.
The purchase agreement will be executed only with the person who applied for the portal. At the same time, it is interesting that the client’s failure to appear within three working days from the date of notification by his dealer will be considered as the cancellation of the application for the purchase of the car. The dealer for his part will be obliged to notify the client in at least two of the following ways: via telephone communication, e-mail or SMS.
GM Uzbekistan will continue work on improving the functioning of the new portal. The next stage will be the launch of a mobile application, as well as the addition of new functions for customers. Plans for the company are huge. So, for example, one of the promising developments will allow to constantly monitor the car and in case of its failure to send technical assistance.
(Source: «Uzbekistan Today» newspaper)
Uzbekistan: Boosting the green economy
The qualitative changes taking place in Uzbekistan in the economy, society and politics, as well as positive results in all spheres of the country’s vital activity, allow us to highlight the tasks of further improving the efficiency of reforms and achieving the goals of sustainable development, taking into account the requirements of the current fast-changing time.
Proposed by President Shavkat Mirziyoyev and adopted following a broad public discussion, the Strategy of Actions on the five priority directions of development of Uzbekistan in 2017-2021 is the fundamental doctrinal document for the modernization of the country. The state program “Year of Dialogue with the People and of Human Interests” provides for effective implementation of state policy, improvement of management and control in the sphere of ecology, environmental protection, rational use and reproduction of natural resources and waste management.
The Strategy of Actions meticulously takes into account the natural, historical, national, demographic and environmental features inherent in Uzbekistan, and it, has become a significant step in the process aimed at radically enhancing the effectiveness of ongoing democratic reforms and ensuring the all-round development of the country. Within a short period of time, as part of its practical implementation, on the basis of a comprehensive and in-depth study of the real state of affairs on the ground through direct dialogue with the people, a number of important state and territorial programs, more than 650 normative and legal acts aimed at achieving the goals were pleasant.
Adaptation to climate change
Uzbekistan pursues a targeted policy on energy conservation in key sectors of the economy. To achieve the goals of long-term sustainable development of the country, institutional capacity is being strengthened, the legislative base in the field of renewable energy, energy efficiency and mechanisms of carbon financing are being improved.
As one of the targets for the period up to 2030, the energy intensity of the gross domestic product has been reduced by about half as a result of the widespread introduction of modern energy-saving technologies. This will save a significant amount of primary energy sources, mainly natural gas. Investments in energy efficiency and renewable energy are relevant both from the economic point of view - reducing energy costs, and with climate - reducing greenhouse gas emissions.
Uzbekistan achieved notable successes in the implementation of about 20 clean development mechanism projects, participation in which allowed attracting more than $24 million of foreign investments into the country’s budget. Only by eliminating leaks in the distribution networks of nine regions of the republic was about 1 billion cubic meters of natural gas, the total energy saving potential in 2013 was 26.6% of the current volume of greenhouse gas emissions. As a result of the successful adoption of measures to adapt and mitigate the effects of climate change, more than 15 million tonnes of certified CO2 emission reductions have been issued.
The gradual modernization of industry and a number of other measures led to the fact that in the period from 1990 to 2010 the energy intensity of the country’s gross domestic product decreased almost 2.5 times and almost by 50% CO2 emissions per unit of gross domestic product decreased. At the same time, rapid economic growth was not accompanied by a significant increase in greenhouse gas emissions. For 1990-2012, their emissions increased by only 13.7%, and emissions per capita in 2012 compared to 1990 decreased by 21.6%.
A long-term strategy for low-carbon development is currently being discussed, setting targets for energy efficiency, as well as a “Low Carbon Development Transition Program” for key sectors of the economy that make the main contribution to greenhouse gas emissions in Uzbekistan. Effective measures to reduce greenhouse gas emissions are carried out in the oil and gas industry, electric power, heat supply, buildings, transport, industry, agriculture and forestry.
The number of strategic documents that regulate measures on energy efficiency, the introduction of energy-saving technologies, the development of renewable energy sources, adopted in the country in recent years, contributed to the development of the regulatory framework and the introduction of new financial incentive mechanisms in this area. At the present time, on the initiative of the deputies of the Legislative Chamber from the Ecological Movement, a draft law “On Renewable Energy Sources” has been developed, which has been agreed with the interested ministries, departments and organizations and is submitted to the lower house of parliament for consideration.
Measures taken by the country in the field of energy saving allowed Uzbekistan to stabilize the level of greenhouse gas emissions and reduce the country’s contribution to global emissions. So, according to the inventory of greenhouse gases, the growth in emissions from 1990 to 2010 was only 10%. In 2007-2012, in accordance with the government’s decision, 188 thousand vehicles were transferred to gas fuel.
The country also pays much attention to the development of renewable energy sources, especially solar energy. For more than ten years, hot water supply systems for residential buildings and social facilities have been manufactured and are being applied on the basis of solar water heating installations. A large-scale project for the construction of a number of solar photovoltaic stations with a capacity of 100 MW each is envisaged. It is planned, by 2030, to increase the share of renewable energy sources in the total balance to 6%.
Implementation of practical measures and strategic directions of activities aimed at reducing greenhouse gas emissions, enhancing adaptation to climate change, based on Uzbekistan’s national interests and priorities, helped create conditions for the country to meet the requirements of the Paris Agreement, adopted in December 2015.
In April 2017, Uzbekistan joined this agreement, which replaced the Kyoto Protocol, and, in contrast to it, set specific requirements. For example, if our country had no quantitative obligations under the Kyoto Protocol in 1998 to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, then, in accordance with the Paris Agreement, all states, not only developed countries, including Uzbekistan, should participate in this process.
The agreement defines the principles of cooperation and global long-term actions to prevent climate change beyond 2020, in order to fulfill the main objective of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change, namely, to stabilize the concentration of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere at a level that would prevent a dangerous anthropogenic impact on the environment. The main obligation of countries is the provision of nationally defined deposits, which they have the opportunity to review every five years, starting in 2023 and, if desired, to increase them. The numerical value of these contributions is not standardized and is determined by the country itself in accordance with national interests. Other commitments related to Uzbekistan include the development of proposals aimed at formulating a long-term development strategy with low greenhouse gas emissions, strengthening adaptation capacities and reducing vulnerability to climate change, and ensuring the implementation of national adaptation plans. These practical measures are implemented on the basis of their own national conditions and with the support of developed countries.
To ensure the implementation of the Paris Agreement, the Government of Uzbekistan has taken concrete measures, in particular, an Interdepartmental Working Group has been established. It conducted a comprehensive, balanced assessment of the dynamics and projections of greenhouse gas emissions, taking into account economic growth, the potential for their reduction based on the planned activities reflected in the sectoral plans. The base year 2010 was chosen, when there were maximum greenhouse gas emissions. The working group calculated all possible options in accordance with the country’s capabilities and national interests and proposed by 2030 the estimated reduction of greenhouse gas emissions by 30-35% per unit of gross domestic product, with its growth of 4.8%.
Moreover, this will not affect the economic development of Uzbekistan. As part of the implementation of this document, a presidential decree of May 26, 2017 “On the Program of Measures for the Further Development of Renewable Energy, Improving Energy Efficiency in the Spheres of the Economy and the Social Sphere for 2017-2021” was adopted. It is aimed at further development of the country’s hydropower potential, with the expansion by 2025 of the capacities of ecologically clean hydropower of the republic by 1.7 times. Also, it is planned to expand the use of renewable energy sources, reduce the energy intensity of production, target the introduction of energy-saving technologies and implement in this area the measures defined in the Strategy for Action.
It should be noted that the commitments of the Paris Agreement fully correspond to the strategic directions of Uzbekistan’s activities, and participation in it is a chance to attract additional financial and technical resources for the implementation of current and planned energy saving, renewable energy, social, agricultural and hydro-meteorological programs. This is confirmed by the fact that the agreement provides for a separate commitment for developed countries in providing financial resources to assist developing countries both in preventing the effects of climate change and adapting to its adverse effects.
According to the Interagency Working Group, the most acceptable approach for Uzbekistan is the target of limiting greenhouse gas emissions, tied to a unit of gross domestic product. In addition, during 2017-2018 in the economic and social sectors, it is necessary to prepare Comprehensive development plans with low greenhouse gas emissions taking into account the cost-benefit analysis, as well as the Plan for Adaptation to the Adverse Effects of Climate Change for the Period to 2030 by Industry economy and regions with an estimation of necessary financial expenses for submission to donors.
Note that in recent years the problem of the greenhouse effect is becoming more and more acute. The climate in the world requires urgent action. The effects of climate change, which have already taken place, are happening ever more often.
Continuous precipitation becomes more intense, which causes a sharp increase in the level of rivers and lakes that flood coastal settlements. In contrast, dry areas have become even more arid. Uzbekistan is one of the countries which most vulnerable to climate change. Since the early 1950s, the average rate of temperature growth across our republic has been 0.29 ° C per decade, almost double the global rate of warming. The fifth assessment report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change and Uzgidromet’s forecasts show that in the future, in the absence of additional actions in this direction, the warming trend will intensify. As a result of the increase in the frequency and frequency of abnormally hot periods due to the intensification of the greenhouse effect, melting of glaciers will accelerate, which will lead to the depletion of the source of surface fresh water and other negative consequences.
Protect the ozone layer
Scientists and specialists in the seventies of the last century raised questions of the destruction of the ozone layer of the Earth. In particular, it was determined that the use of ozone-depleting substances led to the formation of a hole in the ozone layer, which protects us from the harmful effects of ultraviolet radiation from the sun.
In order to protect human health and the environment from the consequences of this process, under the auspices of UNEP, the Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer was developed and adopted in 1985. It has become a concrete mechanism for international efforts to address this problem. The convention provided for international cooperation in scientific research, systematic monitoring of the ozone layer, monitoring of ozone-depleting substance production and exchange of information.
In September 1987, the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer was adopted. Currently, it has been ratified by 197 countries. It identified the main ozone-depleting substances, which include chemical compounds of the hydrocarbon class, which include chlorine, fluorine, bromine, carbon and hydrogen, controls production and consumption, as well as a schedule for the reduction and, ultimately, the complete cessation of their production and applications.
Uzbekistan, along with other countries of the world community, contributes to the conservation of the ozone layer of the Earth. In 1993, the republic confirmed the succession in respect of its participation in the Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer and the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer and made corresponding commitments to fulfill their requirements. This process is carried out on the basis of the National Program on the cessation of the use of ozone-depleting substances.
The current legislation of our country also defines the provisions and norms governing the conservation of the ozone layer. For example, the laws “On Nature Protection” and “On the Protection of Atmospheric Air” stipulate that enterprises, organizations and institutions that operate and repair products containing ozone- depleting substances must ensure their registration and replacement with safe substances and in accordance with international agreements of the Ministry and agencies, enterprises, institutions, organizations, private individuals are obliged to reduce and subsequently completely stop the production and use of chemicals harmful to the ozone layer.
The adopted government decisions have determined specific actions and measures to address the protection of the ozone layer. In particular, a system for regulating the import/export of ozone-depleting substances and products containing them was introduced and is operating. In order to coordinate the implementation of the National Program for the Cessation of the Use of Ozone-Depleting Substances and other projects in this field, in 2001 an Ozone Office for Management of Substitution of Ozone-Depleting Substances was established.
Within the framework of this program, state regulation measures are being implemented, and with the support of international organizations, a number of projects have been implemented aimed at training specialists of various ministries, departments, large industrial organizations, firms, small and private enterprises working in the field of installation, equipment and air conditioning units. Customs officers were also trained to correctly recognize ozone-depleting substances in order to prevent their importation.
Special mention can be made of the implementation of the National Program for the Recovery and Recycling of Refrigerants aimed at recovering and recycling prohibited refrigerants from industrial refrigeration, air conditioning and domestic refrigerators. Its implementation allowed to reduce the import of hundreds of tons of ozone-depleting substances, reuse the existing prohibited refrigerant after its recycling in the existing equipment without its replacement to natural wear, and also to phase out obsolete equipment in stages and without damage to consumers.
Importance of meeting the requirements of the Montreal Protocol was also given to the solution of the issue of environmentally friendly destruction of ozone-depleting substances extracted from refrigeration equipment and also confiscated during the customs control of illegally imported. Our republic did not have the experience of destroying the ozone-depleting substances and products containing them, and none of the countries of the Central Asian region had destroyed them. Meanwhile, the efforts of environmentalists and technologists have identified the equipment and the technological process of burning ozone-depleting substances with observance of the maximum permissible concentrations of pollutants in emissions that are safe for the environment and human health.
In accordance with the Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer, regular studies of the total ozone content in the mountains and foothills of Central Asia are conducted in Uzbekistan. Beginning in 1994, Uzhydromet meteorological stations regularly monitor the total ozone content. The results of these observations are sent to the World Ozone Data Center in Toronto, Canada, where information from all over the world is recorded. During the monitoring of the state of the ozone layer by terrestrial, satellite and direct measurements it was found that a steady decrease in the total ozone content over the mountains of Central Asia is observed.
At the same time, its concentration over the water area of the Caspian Sea was slightly higher than over the coastal and desert zones. Recently there has been a tendency to restore the total ozone content. According to the results of the research, which involved about 300 scientists from 36 countries, as well as the estimates of scientists and international experts, the ozone layer in the stratosphere can recover by the middle of this century. Of course, this is the result of the measures taken for more than 30 years, including by our country, as well as other states to preserve the ozone layer that protects all life on our planet Earth. This success clearly demonstrates what we are capable of when we join forces to solve a global problem.
According to the established tradition in Uzbekistan, annual events are held on World Ozone Day. This year, the committee on environmental protection and environment in the Legislative Chamber of Oliy Majlis together with the Environmental Movement of Uzbekistan and with the participation of interested state bodies, NGOs and international organizations held a round table. Particular attention is paid to discussing the development of the mechanism for implementing the requirements of the Vienna Convention and its protocols, improving legislation in the field of atmospheric air protection, and deciding on further steps in protecting the ozone layer, as ensuring protection of public health and saving life on Earth.
Economy plus ecology
At the same time, changes in the economy have an unquestionable impact on the state of the environment, as well as on the use of natural resources. Therefore, in this period of particular importance are the economic aspects of environmental decision-making, that is, the integration of environmental and economic policies.
In these conditions, for the successful solution of problems of environmental protection, rational use of natural resources and prevention of negative impact on the environment, it is necessary to implement economic methods of environmental management and environmental management. Particular attention should be paid to the implementation of policies aimed at introducing resource-saving and non- waste technologies, improving the system of environmental services and environmental insurance, developing new types of services, protecting private property and private entrepreneurship, including the provision of appropriate benefits to small businesses using a wide range of economic instruments.
At the same time, it is necessary to clearly distribute the powers between state bodies, business and the private sector, and introduce modern methods of organizing and managing production, adopt the experience of leading foreign companies and companies. Such an approach is especially important in the development of the “green” economics, as well as in the agricultural sector, where most of the food stuffs that are so necessary for a full-fledged life and health of people are produced. The main thing in this process is not the interests of state bodies, but the interests of a person, and they must be priority, then the state will be strong.
In our opinion, the further tasks of legal regulation of environmental relations at the present stage are to ensure stabilization and radical improvement of the state of the environment through the “greening” of social production, the implementation of institutional and structural transformations that allow the introduction of productive activities within the limits of ecosystem capacity through the introduction of energy- and resource-saving technologies, targeted changes in the structure of production, further democratization of society, treatment in the economic and environmental sphere of all segments of society, especially the youth.
Undoubtedly, the scale of the tasks existing in this sphere requires the consolidation of the efforts not only of the state, but of society, as well as of every citizen.
The Ecological Movement of Uzbekistan, created nine years ago, pays special attention to raising the level of ecological culture and ecological education of the population, cultivating the careful attitude of citizens to the environment and natural resources, as well as their rational use for the benefit of present and future generations. Currently, the draft concept of environmental education and training has been developed. In the regions of the country, together with the partners, about 30 ecological gardens with a total area of more than 120 hectares have been created, where more than 3.5 thousand fruit and ornamental trees have been planted, a number of social facilities have transferred medical equipment and installed solar stations, water heaters and wind generators for about 400 million soums (currency rates of CB RU from 10.10.2017, 1$= 8052,08 soums). In Tashkent, it is planned to create exemplary ecological – “green” territories. At more than 590 enterprises and organizations of the republic, which from the environmental point of view can have the greatest impact on the environment, representatives of the Ecological Movement are ensured and provided with methodological tools for working at these facilities.
With the assistance of the Public Fund for Supporting NGOs and Other Civil Society Institutions under the Parliament and other funds, four projects on social order and more than 20 grants projects have been implemented. Within their framework, demonstration installations for renewable energy sources have been implemented in six regions of the republic, and modern equipment and medicines have been purchased for medical institutions. Within the framework of the project “Implementation of a set of measures to assist in improving the health indicators of children in environmentally unfavorable areas of the Surkhandarya region,” more than 550 women, children and the elderly received qualified medical care, and medical instruments and instruments were transferred to rural medical posts.
Similar projects are being implemented by the territorial branches of the Eco-movement in various regions of the republic.
Deputy Speaker of the Legislative Chamber of Oliy Majlis, leader of the Ecological Movement of Uzbekistan.
member of the Legislative Chamber of the Oliy Majlis.
(Source: «Uzbekistan Today» newspaper)