UZBEKISTAN AND RUSSIA STRENGTHEN STRATEGIC PARTNERSHIP AND ALLIANCE
On October 19, 2018, the main events within the framework of the state visit of the President of the Russian Federation began at Kuksaroy residence.
After the official welcoming ceremony, Shavkat Mirziyoyev and Vladimir Putin held negotiations in a narrow format.
The President of Uzbekistan, warmly welcoming the distinguished guest, noted that relations between Uzbekistan and Russia over the past two years have further strengthened.
President Shavkat Mirziyoyev expressed sincere appreciation for establishment and solemn opening of the monument to the First President of Uzbekistan Islam Karimov in Moscow.
“Russia is a strategic partner of Uzbekistan. Our partnership has reached a qualitatively new level and is dynamically developing in all areas by joint efforts. More than eighty high-level visits were conducted last year. We have established close cooperation between the regions. For the first time, Tashkent hosts Interregional Cooperation Forum between the two countries. More than a thousand representatives of Russia’s entities, public and business representatives are attending the event. The trade turnover has grown by thirty percent since the beginning of the year. Large investment projects are being implemented”, said the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan.
President Shavkat Mirziyoyev also noted with great satisfaction that another strategic project is being launched – construction of the first nuclear power station in Uzbekistan.
Cultural and humanitarian exchange is expanding. This year, for the first time, Uzbekistan – Russia Media Forum was held, on the eve of the visit an Educational Forum was conducted with participation of 80 heads of leading Russian universities.
“And this is only a number of examples of the breakthrough that has been achieved recently. I am confident that your state visit will give a powerful impetus to relations between Uzbekistan and Russia”, emphasized Shavkat Mirziyoyev.
Vladimir Putin expressed his gratitude to Shavkat Mirziyoyev for the invitation and noted that Uzbekistan is a reliable ally, a strategic partner of Russia. He emphasized that after last year’s state visit of the President of Uzbekistan to Russia, bilateral contacts in all areas have fundamentally changed for the better, as well as expressed readiness of Russia to further develop relations.
At the meeting, issues of expanding practical cooperation, implementation of promising projects and programs in various fields were discussed, views were exchanged on international and regional issues.
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The President of Uzbekistan Shavkat Mirziyoyev and the President of the Russian Federation Vladimir Putin continued negotiations in an extended format with participation of delegation members. Main attention was paid to practical aspects of development of trade-economic and investment cooperation.
Russia is a key partner of Uzbekistan. There is a free trade regime between the two countries. Since the beginning of 2018, the trade turnover increased by 30 percent.
The sides discussed issues of increasing the volume and diversification of the trade turnover nomenclature, development of cooperation of industrial enterprises, strengthening cooperation in the sphere of transport and energy.
“Intergovernmental Commission Meeting chaired by the heads of governments was successfully held in September”. Interaction between the regions is developing. Major investment projects are being implemented jointly with leading Russian companies and banks. This year, according to our estimates, the trade turnover will reach 6 billion USD. This figure exceeds our plans. The task for the next few years is 10 billion”, said Shavkat Mirziyoyev.
Vladimir Putin fully supported the President of Uzbekistan. The two governments were instructed to take necessary steps to increase mutual trade. The Presidents decided to strengthen activities of Intergovernmental Economic Cooperation Commission.
The Presidents noted with satisfaction that total amount of documents concluded during the visit in trade-economic and investment spheres amounted to 25 billion USD.
The adoption of Intergovernmental Economic Cooperation Program for 2019-2024 during the visit will play an important role.
At the negotiations, special attention was paid to development of cultural-humanitarian exchange, especially, in science, education, healthcare and tourism.
As it was noted, on the eve Tashkent hosted the First Joint Educational Forum on “New personnel for a new economy”, which was attended by heads of leading universities of the two countries.
Following the negotiations, more than 100 cooperation agreements in education and science were signed, including, on opening in Uzbekistan branches of a number of leading higher education institutions of Russia.
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Following the negotiations between the leaders of Uzbekistan and Russia, a significant package of documents was adopted.
The President of the Republic of Uzbekistan Shavkat Mirziyoyev and the President of the Russian Federation Vladimir Putin signed the Joint Statement.
Exchange of documents, signed during the visit, was held. These are Economic Cooperation Program for 2019-2024, Cooperation Program in cultural-humanitarian sphere for 2019-2021, Roadmap for creation of Suffa International Radio Astronomy Observatory, Agreement on establishment and operation of branches of leading universities of Russia in Uzbekistan, Agreement on cooperation in textile industry.
Supplementary agreement on investment block “Uzbekistan’s independence” with exploration and exploitation of “The 25th anniversary of Independence” with construction of a gas chemical complex in Surkhandarya region, Cooperation Agreement between the Academy of Public Administration under the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan and Moscow State University named after M.V.Lomonosov, Agreement on establishment of a branch of Moscow State Institute of International Relations in Uzbekistan, Agreement on establishment of Interdisciplinary Scientific Educational Center, Agreement between the Council of Rectors of Higher Education Institutions of Uzbekistan and Russian Rectors Union All-Russian Public Organization, Agreement on cooperation between the National Guard of the Republic of Uzbekistan and the Federal Service of the National Guard of the Russian Federation were signed.
20 documents on development of cooperation in various spheres were signed during the visit.
At the briefing for the mass media, the Presidents noted that negotiations in a narrow and extended formats were held in a traditionally confidential, open and constructive atmosphere.
The state and prospects for development of comprehensive cooperation were discussed, coincidence or proximity of positions of the two countries on current regional and international issues were discussed.
It was noted that relations between the two countries reached a qualitatively new level.
Russian investments attracted into Uzbekistan’s economy exceeds 8.5 billion USD. In this regard, Uzbekistan – Russia First Interregional Cooperation Forum plays an important role, the results of which became agreements on implementation of projects worth more than 2 billion USD.
The sides confirmed their readiness for further cooperation within the UN, CIS, SCO, OSCE, ESCAP and other authoritative international and regional structures.
The Presidents noted that expansion of security partnership based on principles of mutual trust and consideration of each other's interests will contribute to joint solution of tasks to counter new challenges and threats in Central Asian Region.
Views were exchanged on coordination of joint measures to counter terrorism, extremism, especially radicalization among youth.
The sides are convinced that process of peaceful reconstruction of Afghanistan should be carried out only by Afghans themselves and under the leadership of Afghans.
Russia welcomed important steps taken by Uzbekistan to promote peace process in Afghanistan.
Heads of states noted positive trends in development of mutually beneficial and effective regional cooperation in Central Asia.
Priority attention is given to development of cultural-humanitarian ties, especially in the field of science, education, healthcare and tourism.
From this academic year, a branch of Moscow Institute of Steel and Alloys was opened in Almalyk city in order to obtain qualitative Russian education in Uzbekistan.
In addition to successfully operating branches of Moscow State University, Russian Economic Academy, Russian State University of Oil and Gas, it is planned to open branches of MGIMO, National Research Nuclear University MEPhI, All-Russian State Institute of Cinematography, Moscow Power Engineering Institute, Chemical Technology University of Russia.
An agreement was reached to intensify cooperation in the sphere of science, including within the framework of joint project on creating super-powerful radio telescope on Suffa plateau in Jizzakh region.
The Fourth Uzbekistan – Russia Youth Forum will be held in Uzbekistan in order to bring people of the two countries closer together.
The President of Uzbekistan focused on another important issue. In order to worthily celebrate in 2020 the 75th anniversary of Victory in the Great Patriotic War, in Uzbekistan it is planned to develop special program and create Victory park complex in Tashkent within its framework, which will become a symbol of our shared struggle against fascism, will contribute to education of the younger generation in the spirit of respect for history, patriotism and friendship of people.
The sides expressed confidence that the state visit of the President of Russia to Uzbekistan will give a powerful impetus to further development of full-scale cooperation between the two countries in the spirit of strategic partnership and alliance.
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The President of the Russian Federation Vladimir Putin, who is in Uzbekistan on a state visit, accompanied by the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan Shavkat Mirziyoyev visited the Mustakillik Square.
The distinguished guest laid flowers at the Monument of Independence and Humanism, which is a symbol of our freedom, noble aspirations and bright future.
The heads of states left for Uzexpocentre to attend Uzbekistan – Russia First Interregional Cooperation Forum.
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More than a thousand representatives of Russia, heads of regions, managers of leading companies and industrial enterprises, and other business structures, are taking part in the forum that has been opened at Uzexpocentre.
The President of the Republic of Uzbekistan Shavkat Mirziyoyev and the President of the Russian Federation Vladimir Putin attended this forum.
“We highly appreciate and sincerely value the established stable and trusting relations with the Russian Federation, our strategic partner and ally. The organization of the forum and the high level of representation are another clear confirmation of mutual interest and powerful potential of our cooperation”, – said the President of Uzbekistan.
Uzbekistan and Russia attach great importance to interregional relations. Recently, such contacts have acquired high intensity. More than 40 mutual visits were conducted. In September-October, leaders of all 14 regions of Uzbekistan visited 26 entities of the Russian Federation. Due to this, new markets have been opened for the supply of products, jobs have been created, and people have additional sources of income.
President Shavkat Mirziyoyev noted that it is the leaders of the regions and the entrepreneurs, who determine specific areas of interaction.
The need for strengthening efforts on creating joint high-tech industries, expanding cooperation for production of demanded products and development of markets in the third countries was noted.
Thus, based on the reached agreements, it is planned to create a joint textile cluster in the regions of Uzbekistan with participation of companies in Ivanovo region, to organize in Surkhandarya region a modern agro-complex for growing and supplying fresh fruits and vegetables to Moscow market, together with Sverdlovsk region – the construction of a plant for production of light and heavy metal structures in Kashkadarya region, jointly with partners from Tatarstan – production of chemical fertilizers in Tashkent region and pharmaceuticals in Karakalpakstan, the use of infrastructure of wholesale distribution centers in Moscow region, Bashkortostan, Orenburg region and other regions of the Russian Federation for the supply of agricultural products. There are many such projects.
The main result of this interaction is that strong and long-term partnership has been established between the regions of the two countries.
Practical issues of business cooperation, including specific projects and programs, were discussed at the forum. Following the negotiations and meetings at the forum, agreements and contracts worth $2 billion were signed.
The proposal of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan on annual conduction of the Interregional Forum was supported.
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A solemn event dedicated to launching the construction project of the First Nuclear Power Station in Uzbekistan was held at Uzexpocentre.
The President of the Republic of Uzbekistan Shavkat Mirziyoyev and the President of the Russian Federation Vladimir Putin pressed a symbolic button to launch the project.
Specialists of Uzatom Agency and Rosatom State Corporation announced the start of engineering surveys to select sites for construction of the first NPS in Uzbekistan, via videoconference.
“Today we are opening a new strategic direction of cooperation with the Russian Federation – development of nuclear energy. This project forms a new cluster, its implementation will serve to further development of industrial potential and creation of new jobs in different sectors of the country’s economy", – said the President of Uzbekistan.
In accordance with the Decree of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan, the Atomic Energy Development Agency under the Cabinet of Ministers has been established for peaceful use of nuclear energy.
An agreement on construction of Nuclear Power Station in Uzbekistan has been reached with Rosatom Corporation, which ranks the first place in the world in terms of number and scale of foreign projects – construction of 34 power units in 12 countries. NPS will consist of two WWER-1200 generations "3+" units with a capacity of 1,200 MW each, which are the most modern and safe.
Nuclear power is environmentally friendly. Nuclear power stations do not form harmful carbon monoxide. As a result of launching nuclear power station, the economy of significant volumes of natural gas will be achieved. Carbon dioxide emissions will be reduced to 14 million tons and nitrogen oxides by 36 thousand tons.
Uzbekistan, in accordance with its international obligations as a member state of the IAEA, focuses on nuclear safety.
All international requirements for construction of the nuclear power station will be strictly enforced in implementing the project.
IAEA experts supported Uzbekistan’s initiative on implementation of the National program on using nuclear energy for peaceful purposes and expressed readiness to provide all possible assistance in its implementation.
In accordance with agreements reached earlier, it was decided to open a branch of the National Research Nuclear University “Moscow Engineering Physics Institute” in Tashkent. In the next academic year, the branch of MEPhI will receive first students.
Rosatom Corporation has already organized training 30 Uzbekistan's students in this world-famous University this academic year, in Moscow.
Uzbekistan’s students, having studied at MEPhI, will become highly qualified specialists, will become able to ensure safe operation of Nuclear Power Station. The atom will indeed be peaceful in their safe hands.