DAILY NEWS HERALD
DAILY NEWS HERALD #201
Public Relations and Mass Media Department of the MFA
October 12, 2018
On telephone conversation of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan with the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan. 1
The President of the Republic of Uzbekistan received the Grand Imam of Egypt, the head of Al-Azhar complex. 1
President of the Republic of Uzbekistan met with CIS member states’ defense departments’ heads. 2
the official visit of the President of Uzbekistan to France.. 3
Uzbekistan, France Vow to Enhance Enduring Partnership. 3
In the Senate of the Fifth Republic. 5
A Direct Dialogue. 5
In the UNESCO Headquarters. 6
Nuclear Energy for Peaceful Purposes. 7
International relationships. 10
Meetings of the Egyptian delegation. 10
Uzbekistan – Tajikistan – Korean Business Forum.. 10
Legislative Chamber of Oliy Majlis of republic of Uzbekistan.. 11
Lawmakers in Lively Discussion of Bills. 11
Asian Para Games 2018. Uzbekistan’s athletes win 46 medals. 12
On telephone conversation of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan with the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan
On October 11, 2018, the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan Shavkat Mirziyoyev had a telephone conversation with the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan Nursultan Nazarbayev.
During the conversation, the heads of states discussed the current state and prospects of multifaceted bilateral cooperation in the context of agreements reached earlier at the highest level.
Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan Presidents noted with satisfaction the steady growth in trade turnover, expansion of its nomenclature. Special attention was paid to the effective use of the potential of interregional cooperation.
The mutual interest was confirmed in development of business cooperation in specific projects in industry, energy, transport and communications, agriculture and other spheres.
Importance of continuing active cooperation in the sphere of cultural-humanitarian exchanges, education, healthcare and tourism was noted, which will further strengthen the traditionally friendly relations between the two countries and people.
Presidents of Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan also exchanged views on a number of current issues of international and regional agenda.
The parties stated a commonality of approaches to the most important problems, including ensuring regional security and effective counteraction against contemporary challenges and threats.
Presidents reaffirmed their commitment to further strengthening Uzbekistan – Kazakhstan friendship, good-neighborliness and strategic partnership.
The President of the Republic of Uzbekistan received the Grand Imam of Egypt, the head of Al-Azhar complex
On October 11, 2018, the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan Shavkat Mirziyoyev received the Grand Imam of Egypt, the head of Al-Azhar complex Sheikh Ahmed Mohammad el-Tayeb.
Welcoming the guest, the Head of the state noted that the official visit of the President of the Arab Republic of Egypt Abdel Fattah Saeed Hussein Khalil el-Sisi to Uzbekistan on September 4-5 this year became a historic event in development of bilateral relations.
At the meeting, the large-scale activity carried out in Uzbekistan and Egypt on promoting the principles of tolerance, enlightenment values of the sacred religion of Islam, preserving its humanistic essence, studying religious-spiritual heritage, countering various threats and challenges was noted.
In particular, International Islamic Academy of Uzbekistan, the Center for Islamic Civilization in Tashkent, and Imam Bukhari International Research Center in Samarkand are organized to bring the good ideas of Islam based on “Enlightenment against ignorance” principle to contemporaries, especially youth.
The President of Uzbekistan noted that memorandums of cooperation signed with Al-Azhar University are important in exchange of religious figures, scholars, qualified teachers and talented students.
Al-Azhar is a large official religious complex, which includes the Academy of Islamic Studies, a university, institutes, a cathedral mosque, and several research centers.
The Grand Imam of Egypt expressed his gratitude to President Shavkat Mirziyoyev for the warm welcome and conveyed sincere greetings and best wishes of the President of Egypt Abdel Fattah Saeed Hussein Khalil el-Sisi.
Sheikh Ahmed Mohammad el-Tayeb praised the ongoing large-scale reforms in Uzbekistan. He expressed full support for the policy pursued in Uzbekistan of studying and promoting the true essence of Islam religion, a broad study of religious and spiritual heritage, as well as initiatives forwarded by the President of Uzbekistan at the UN.
The guest emphasized the importance of jointly studying the invaluable scientific heritage of our great scholars such as Imam Bukhari, Imam Termizi, Imam Maturidi, Abu Mouin Nasafi, Mahmoud Zamahshari, who made a great contribution to the development of Islam.
Sheikh Ahmed Mohammad el-Tayeb noted that awarding him the title of the first honorary professor of the International Islamic Academy of Uzbekistan is a great honor and responsibility for him.
The Grand Imam of Egypt supported the proposals on creation of a department of Al-Azhar University at the International Islamic Academy of Uzbekistan, attracting famous Egyptian scholars for teaching, organizing preferential education for students and young scholars of the country in Al-Azhar magistracy, creating a joint Fatwa Collegium with participation of religious leaders of the two countries, as well as joint scientific conferences and other events.
The well-known religious leader expressed the commitment of the Egyptian side to the consistent development and bringing relations with Uzbekistan to a new level not only in education and humanitarian spheres, but also in all other areas.
President of the Republic of Uzbekistan met with CIS member states’ defense departments’ heads
On October 12, 2018, the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan Shavkat Mirziyoyev received the defense departments’ heads of the Commonwealth of Independent States member states, who arrived in Uzbekistan to attend the regular meeting of the CIS Council of Defense Ministers.
The meeting was attended by Ministers of Defense of Azerbaijan Z.Hasanov, Armenia D.Tonoyan, Belarus A.Ravkov, Kazakhstan N.Yermekbayev, Russia S.Shoigu, Tajikistan Sh.Mirzo, Chief of the General Staff of the Armed Forces of Kyrgyzstan R.Duishenbiev and Secretary of the Council of CIS Defense Ministers Y.Dashkin.
Welcoming the heads of delegations, the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan noted with satisfaction that holding the meeting of the Council of CIS Defense Ministers for the first time in Tashkent is evidence of the new stage of Uzbekistan’s participation in the activities of the Commonwealth.
Over the past year, Uzbekistan has joined more than 10 sectoral cooperation bodies in such areas as economics, energy, science and innovation, the fight against crime, and others.
At the meeting, issues of further expansion of military and military-technical cooperation within the framework of the CIS, including inter-agency partnership, holding bilateral and multilateral activities, professional training of military personnel were discussed.
Views were exchanged on current issues of international and regional policy, including ensuring security and stability.
The heads of the CIS defense ministries expressed deep gratitude to the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan for the warm welcome and conveyed greetings and best wishes on behalf of the heads of their states. Large-scale reforms implemented in Uzbekistan on modernizing the Armed Forces and strengthening the country’s defense capability, as well as initiatives on ensuring security, stability and sustainable development in the region were highly appreciated.
Readiness for further development of constructive and mutually beneficial cooperation between defense ministries on issues of mutual interest was expressed.
As reported by the Press Service of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan, following the meeting, the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan wished success and fruitful results to the work of the meeting of the CIS Council of Defense Ministers.
the official visit of the President of Uzbekistan to France
Uzbekistan, France Vow to Enhance Enduring Partnership
The President of the Republic of Uzbekistan Shavkat Mirziyoyev, at the invitation of President of the French Republic Emmanuel Macron, paid an official visit to that country on October 8-9.
The official ceremony of welcoming the Uzbek leader took place in the heart of Paris. Guard honor was lined up in tribute to the distinguished guest. The military orchestra played out the national anthems of Uzbekistan and France. Shavkat Mirziyoyev, under the sounds of the band, walked past the guard of honor.
Then the head of our state departed for the residence of the President of the French Republic – the Elysee Palace.
During the talks, Shavkat Mirziyoyev and Emmanuel Macron discussed issues related to the further consolidation of Uzbek-French relations, exchanged views on regional and international affairs of shared interest.
The leader of our country sincerely thanked the host for the warm welcome and hospitality extended to the Uzbek delegation, and stressed in particular the great importance Uzbekistan attaches to the development of cooperation with France as a reliable and long-term partner. Noting that the Fifth Republic is the first European country he visits with an official visit, Shavkat Mirziyoyev drew attention to the historical bonds of friendship, mutual respect and trust that have tied the two peoples since the reign of our great ancestor Sahibkiran Amir Temur and King Charles VI of France in early fifteenth century.
Emmanuel Macron: The wise policy and extensive reforms undertaken in Uzbekistan have facilitated boosting the people’s wellbeing and the country joining the ranks of leading nations as much as securing peace and sustainable development in Central Asia.
Uzbekistan’s important role in bolstering stability and security, promoting mutually advantageous cooperation and good neighborly relations in Central Asia in order to ensure the peaceful and sustainable development of the countries of the region found particular emphasis.
The heads of state noted the significance of building new forms of regional and international interaction, of jointly combating challenges and threats. The parties reiterated the need to stabilize the situation in Afghanistan as an important prerequisite for peace and tranquility in the region, stressing the absence of an alternative to a direct political dialogue without prior conditions among all parties involved in the conflict.
Shavkat Mirziyoyev and Emmanuel Macron underscored the intensification of the political dialogue in recent years and the need to afford it a regular character.
Regular contacts are made at the level of governments and ministries. Political consultations are held between foreign ministries. Inter-parliamentary ties are consistently developing.
The meeting participants discussed in detail the development of bilateral trade and economic, investment, energy, technological, cultural and humanitarian cooperation.
The two Presidents highly appreciated the activity of the Uzbek-French Intergovernmental Commission on Trade and Economic Cooperation. They emphasized the magnitude of increasing the volume of bilateral trade, realizing promising investment projects in various sectors of the economy.
In accordance with the Partnership and Cooperation Agreement between the Republic of Uzbekistan and the European Union, the most favored nation regime has been established between the countries in mutual trade, the convention on the avoidance of double taxation of income and other documents have been signed.
At the same time, it was pointed out that the volume of bilateral trade does not match the existing opportunities and potential. In this regard, it was noted with satisfaction that following the results of the business forum organized by the relevant ministries and departments together with the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development and the French Entrepreneur Movement “MEDEF”, agreements were reached on the implementation of promising projects based on advanced European practice, knowledge and technology. A 600-million euro cooperation program was signed with the French Development Agency for the implementation of infrastructure projects.
Promising schemes with such French companies as Airbus, Total, Vinci, Orano, Total Eren, Veolia, Fives Stein, Bouygues, Rungis and many others are scheduled for realization.
Cultural and humanitarian ties have been advancing consistently. In this regard, the meeting participants discussed specific areas of expansion of cooperation in the field of culture and arts, tourism, science and technology, education, healthcare, archeology and other areas.
The head of our state noted that France had become the first European country in respect of which a visa-free regime was introduced for tourists visiting Uzbekistan.
In our country, the French language is very popular. The Center of the French Language and Culture was recently established in Tashkent.
Agreements have been reached on opening branches of leading French universities in Uzbekistan, where Uzbek students could study in such areas as economics, engineering, agriculture, tourism.
The history and culture of Uzbekistan are of great interest in the world, including in French academic circles. During the visit, the author of the novel “Samarkand”, writer Amin Maaluf, the famous scholars Frederick-Baupertuis Bressan and Franz Grünne, who made a great contribution to the study of history, archeology and culture of Uzbekistan, were awarded the title of honorary citizens of Samarkand.
Given the colossal interest in the historical and cultural heritage of our country, the two sides reached agreement to hold an exhibition on Uzbekistan’s history in the Louvre in 2021.
It will be dedicated for the first time to one of the countries in the Commonwealth of Independent States and will be the first exhibition to be held in the world famous museum.
Shavkat Mirziyoyev’s visit to France helped the two nations sign intergovernmental agreements on international passenger and freight transportation by road, on cooperation in the field of tourism, an accord of intent with the French Development Agency on the implementation of the Cooperation Program for 2018-2020.
Other documents penned included the Program of Cooperation between the Ministries of Foreign Affairs for 2019-2020, documents between the State Committee of the Republic of Uzbekistan on Ecology and Environmental Protection and the Ministry of Ecology, Sustainable Development and Energy of France on cooperation in the field of environmental protection and sustainable development, the ministries of the interior, ministries of culture, between the Foundation for the Development of Culture and Art under the Ministry of Culture of the Republic of Uzbekistan and the Louvre Museum. In total, more than 10 intergovernmental and interagency documents were inked.
Following the talks, the two sides exchanged signed documents.
The results of the fruitful negotiations of the heads of state were a clear confirmation of the readiness of Uzbekistan and France to further enhance and consolidate the long-term mutually beneficial partnership, filling it with new practical substance.
President Shavkat Mirziyoyev visited the world-famous Louvre Museum, which houses the world’s largest art collection and the second largest square. Its exhibits are grouped into six collections. The Oriental Collection alone occupies 24 rooms. There are also thousands of works of art about the history of our country. In particular, the letter of Amir Temur to Charles VI, one of the candlesticks made for the mausoleum of Yassavi by order of Sahibkiran, inscriptions on tombstones and other antiquities.
Having examined these exhibits, the head of our state stressed that the samples of historical heritage stored in the museum are very dear to our people. In this regard, Shavkat Mirziyoyev proposed to organize joint exhibitions of museums of Uzbekistan and France, expand scientific cooperation among historians and archaeologists of the two countries.
The official visit of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan Shavkat Mirziyoyev to France ended on October 9.
(Source: «Uzbekistan Today» newspaper)
In the Senate of the Fifth Republic
President of the Republic of Uzbekistan Shavkat Mirziyoyev met with President of the Senate of the French Republic, Gerard Larcher.
The head of our state congratulated the President of the Senate on the 60th anniversary of the Constitution of the French Republic. Shavkat Mirziyoyev presented him in this connection with the first copy of the French Constitution in Uzbek and French.
The enlargement of inter-parliamentary interaction, especially along the lines of friendship groups of the legislatures of the two countries, was noted with deep satisfaction.
The Uzbek-French relations have been advancing dynamically in the sphere of inter-parliamentary relations. In 2008, the Inter-Parliamentary Cooperation Group was established in the Senate of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan, while the Uzbekistan-France friendship group has been operating in the Legislative Chamber of the Oliy Majlis since 2010. In 2008, a cooperation agreement was signed between the Authorized Commissioner of the Oliy Majlis for Human Rights (Ombudsman) and the Defender of Human Rights of France.
The parties discussed the development of inter-parliamentary relations in specific areas, including through events, reciprocal visits on a regular basis and the exchange of experience. This will contribute to the expansion of mutually advantageous cooperation between the two countries and peoples.
Gerard Larcher highly appreciated the large-scale reforms and transformation taking place in Uzbekistan, including the cardinal modernization of the economy, elevation of population wellbeing and construction of robust civil society.
The French Senate President highlighted Uzbekistan’s constructive regional policy based on the principles of good neighborliness, mutually beneficial cooperation and consideration of each other’s interests. It was emphasized that the first official visit of the head of our state to France will make it possible to identify new areas of practical cooperation for the long term, including through the parliaments of the two countries.
Gerard Larcher expressed the readiness of the French Senate to further develop inter-parliamentary ties and give them a systemic nature in order to develop comprehensive and fruitful bonds of friendship and partnership with Uzbekistan.
(Source: «Uzbekistan Today» newspaper)
A Direct Dialogue
President Shavkat Mirziyoyev held a meeting with heads of major French companies.
It was attended by chiefs of leading companies in the European and world markets, financial structures, such as Total, Total Eren, Orano, Fives Stein, Rangis Semmaris, Vinci, Suez, Sad, Idemia, Mercier, Thales Alenia Space, European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, French Development Agency and others.
Uzbekistan offers extensive opportunities, it was stressed at the meeting, for foreign investors. Essential regulations have been adopted to stimulate and protect their activities. Various obstacles to business development have been eliminated; foreign trade and customs tariff control has been significantly reduced.
Shavkat Mirziyoyev: To promote direct dialogue with foreign investors, we’ve decided to create a Foreign Investments Council under the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan. It is supposed to elaborate proposals for constant improvement of the investment climate in Uzbekistan taking into account the views of investors.
The head of our state invited French investors to actively participate in the work of the Council.
French businesspeople highly appreciated the economic reforms carried out in Uzbekistan under the leadership of Shavkat Mirziyoyev and stressed that the liberalization of the monetary system and the simplification of the procedure for obtaining a visa created favorable opportunities for the development of mutually beneficial cooperation. This has increased interest in partnership with Uzbekistan. Evidence of this was the signing on the eve of this visit of agreements on investment projects worth about 5 billion euros.
The meeting participants discussed issues of further development of partnership among financial organizations, firms and companies of Uzbekistan and France, expansion of joint deliveries of goods and provision of services.
(Source: «Uzbekistan Today» newspaper)
In the UNESCO Headquarters
The President of Uzbekistan Shavkat Mirziyoyev, while on an official visit in France, met with Audrey Azoulay, Director-General of UNESCO at this organization’s headquarters in Paris.
Uzbekistan’s leader noted the deep symbolism that the official visit to the French Republic began with a meeting at UNESCO, and that Uzbekistan’s cooperation with this organization has been developing steadily.
Audrey Azoulay, sincerely welcoming Shavkat Mirziyoyev, stressed that cooperation with Uzbekistan and in particular the current meeting is very important for UNESCO.
Our country was twice elected to the Executive Board of the organization. The parties fruitfully interact in the field of restoration and in-depth study of the rich spiritual heritage of Uzbekistan; they implement joint projects in culture, education, science and other fields. Historical and cultural sites in Khiva, Samarkand, Bukhara and Shahrisabz are included in the UNESCO World Heritage List. The city of Bukhara was awarded the prize of the organization “Cities for Peace”.
Uzbekistan’s cooperation with UNESCO also contributes to the preservation, development and popularization of the classical Uzbek musical heritage. Thus, under the auspices of UNESCO, the international festival Sharq Taronalari is held every two years in Samarkand. In September this year, the first International Maqom Art Forum was held in Shahrisabz.
In accordance with the recent resolution of the head of our state, permanent representative office of Uzbekistan has been established at UNESCO.
Promising is the cooperation in the field of education. Uzbekistan pursues a policy to foster physically and spiritually advanced individuals, based on the principle of “Enlightenment against ignorance”.
In September 2017, the head of our state initiated the adoption of the UN Convention on the Rights of Youth and the General Assembly resolution on “Enlightenment and Religious Tolerance”.
The Director-General of UNESCO supported the initiatives of President Shavkat Mirziyoyev to set up in Samarkand, under the auspices of the organization, the Mirzo Ulugbek International Institute for Building a Culture of Peace, Tolerance and Preventing Extremism, establish a regional center for information and communication technologies in education at the Tashkent University of Information Technologies, open the UNESCO Chair at the Silk Road University of Tourism in Samarkand.
The sides reached agreement on holding a regional forum in Uzbekistan of young scientists in Central Asia, as well as the Asian Forum “Information Technologies in the Service of Cultural Heritage Preservation” in Tashkent in 2019.
The Director-General of UNESCO highly appreciated Uzbekistan’s policy to preserve the cultural and historical heritage of its people, which is the wealth of all mankind.
The meeting participants adopted a Joint Action Plan for 2018-2021 aimed at taking relations to a new level, innovatively solving of joint tasks and strengthening cooperation in all areas.
(Source: «Uzbekistan Today» newspaper)
Nuclear Energy for Peaceful Purposes
In recent years, the climate on Earth has changed noticeably, the levels of the oceans are rising, and glaciers have been melting. Extreme weather conditions are becoming more intense and frequent.
Uzbekistan is among those countries most vulnerable to climate change. The growth in average annual air temperatures in the nation is observed against the backdrop of natural variability, which causes significant fluctuations. The rate of warming in the republic exceeds the average observed one on the global scale by 40%.
In the meantime, hydrocarbon fuels, including natural gas, oil and coal, will remain important in the next 20 years, indicating that the improvement of traditional energy technologies will continue to be one of the priority directions in the innovative development of world energy.
One of the most pressing issues currently widely discussed in many countries of the world is the identification of long-term prospects for technological evolution in the energy sector. Particular interest to it began to emerge in recent years due to the decline in world reserves of hydrocarbon fuels, the growing needs of developing countries in energy resources, as well as the increasing impact of energy on the environment.
According to estimates of the International Energy Agency, the growth in the total consumption of primary energy resources in the world by 2030 will be about 54% compared with 2010 figures. And the leaders in energy consumption growth will be dynamically developing nations.
Gas producing countries seek to make greater use of this environmentally friendly fuel vis-à-vis oil and coal. For example, in 2014, the share of gaseous fuel in the structure of the national energy balance in Uzbekistan was 86%, in Turkmenistan it was 80%, in Algeria – 65%, Azerbaijan – 63%, Russia – 54%, Argentina – 49%, for Iran and Qatar the figure was 61% and 80%, respectively.
The countries that produce coal also actively use it for their energy needs. Thus, in the expenditure part of China’s energy balance, this power source accounts for about 66%, in South Africa the figure is 71%, in Kazakhstan – 64%, India – 56%, Australia – 36%, Indonesia – 35%.
In the energy generation industry of some countries, the leading role belongs to the one of water. For example, in 2014, the share of large hydropower plants in Norway accounted for 66% of total energy consumption, in Brazil and Sweden it was 28%, in Canada and Colombia – 26%.
Atomic energy continues to be the basis of the energy complex. Thus, in France, this type of energy accounts for more than 40% of total power consumption, in Sweden – 29%, Switzerland – 22 %, Finland – 21%, Bulgaria – 20%. At the end of 2015, a total of 438 nuclear power plant units with a total installed capacity of 375.9 GW were operating in the world, with capacities growing further and another 70 units being built in 15 countries.
In recent years, the production of electricity at nuclear power stations began to grow: in 2012 it was 559 million tons of oil equivalent, 574 million tons of oil equivalent was produced in 2014, which is associated with the development of technology and increased safety of nuclear reactors. In 2014, the United States occupied the leading positions in the number of operating reactors in the nuclear power industry, with 104 stations operating, while France and Russia had 58 and 33 such plants, respectively.
In the structure of primary fuel and energy resources (FER) in Uzbekistan, mono-dependence on natural gas remains high (exceeding 85%), while the rest is coal (3%), petroleum products (7%), and hydropower (5%).
Meanwhile, in accordance with various development scenarios, global energy consumption will increase by 1.2-1.6 times by 2050, the share of renewable energy sources in the structure of the global fuel and energy balance will be from 10% to 34%, the share of oil will decrease to 29% -16%, and the absolute decline in its consumption is possible, while gas consumption will increase, with continuing high uncertainty in the development of nuclear energy. Also, until 2030, there will be a direct link between the growth in the world population and the production of electricity.
An extremely important challenge to the global energy industry at the present stage of its development is the increasingly obvious fact of a shortage of energy resources in the near future. With the growth of the economy, there is a need to increase the demand for energy resources, which requires an expansion of primary fuel reserves, the search for their reserves and alternatives, the possibility of substitutions based on the conditions of economic expediency. Today, a number of different points of view are expressed regarding the future of world energy, sometimes diametrically diverging, but many agree in the long term concerning the priority of developing renewable energy sources (RES) and nuclear energy. In this regard, there has been a tendency of transition of energy based on the combustion of fossil fuels to the one based on the energy of alternative unconventional energy sources – RES as well as atomic energy.
This requires a revision of the issue of modernization of economic sectors in order to reduce production costs, as well as diversify the fuel and energy resources employed through the use of renewable energy sources and alternative fuels, and improve the quality of energy supply services.
In view of the above, the relevance of the development and implementation of alternative unconventional energy sources, one of which, along with renewable energy sources, is atomic energy, becomes obvious.
I would also like to note that the nuclear power industry plays a key role in ensuring the implementation of the Paris Climate Agreement, signed by Uzbekistan on 19 April 2017, under which it was decided to take measures on the inadmissibility of a plus temperature change by more than 1.5 degrees.
Atomic energy is an environmentally friendly form of energy. When used in nuclear power plants to generate electrical and thermal power, compared to traditional forms of energy, no harmful substances such as oxides of nitrogen, sulfur, carbon and others are formed.
The introduction of atomic energy minimizes carbon dioxide emissions into the atmosphere, which is the main component of greenhouse gases that affect climate change.
The main economic argument in favor of nuclear power is its ability to guarantee the price of electricity generated for the entire service life of a nuclear power plant (NPP), which is at least 60 years with the possibility of its extension.
In the global energy sector there is a steady increase in nuclear power and it is currently used in 31 countries of the world. At present, operating nuclear power plants produce 11% of all electricity. At the same time, along with France, in countries like Slovakia, Ukraine, Hungary and Belgium, atomic energy provides for more than 40% of the needs.
In our country, there is an acute need at the present time for the development of nuclear energy. This is due to the following circumstances. With the demand for electricity in Uzbekistan, which amounts to 69 billion kWh, about 64 billion is being produced. That is, there is a certain deficit. At the same time, it should be noted that about 85% of this energy is generated through the use of gas, fuel oil and coal, and 15% is produced at hydroelectric power plants. For this, 16.5 billion cubic meters of natural gas, 86 thousand tons of fuel oil and 2.3 million tons of coal are consumed annually. At the same time, according to the calculations of specialists and experts, the need for electricity in Uzbekistan by 2030 will reach 117 billion kWh due to the growth of the economy, population, as well as living standards. That is, the shortage of power will amount to 53 billion kWh.
For the production of the required amount of electricity natural gas will need to be used, which will be 54% of the total power generated. Coal will cover 11%, petroleum products – 3%, and also 14% should be produced by hydroelectric power plants, 3% – from renewable energy sources, and for the remaining 15%, additional power will be required that can be supplied by nuclear power plants.
To this end, Uzbekistan and Russia signed an intergovernmental agreement on 29 December 2017 on cooperation in the field of peaceful uses of atomic energy. It provides for the construction of a nuclear power plant on the basis of power units with 1,200 MW reactors. That is the latest power unit equipped with automation. The design of the reactor is a closed, sealed capsule, excluding the ingress of radioactive substances into the environment and not having runoff. Also provides with modern technology for waste disposal. At the same time, the reactor belongs to the 3+ generation and takes into account the safety requirements of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and the reliability of modern technologies.
The significant progress made by scientists in improving the safety of modern nuclear power plants should be noted. These reactors, the so-called new generation units, are distinguished from their predecessors by a high degree of reliability, ease of management owing to the full automation of the entire production cycle, the generation of environmentally friendly energy without adverse effects on the ecology and human health. It is planned to fully utilize this reactor until 2028.
The planned construction of a nuclear power plant in Uzbekistan will have a positive impact not only on the stable supply of electricity to the population of the republic, but also will allow for saving and channeling more than 100 billion cubic meters of natural gas to more urgent needs. As a result of its processing, petrochemical products with higher added value will be produced. And if the saved natural gas, even without processing, is sent for export, it will bring Uzbekistan income in the amount of 550-600 million US dollars a year. During the construction of the nuclear power plant, five thousand jobs will be created, and additional jobs will be required for 1.5 thousand specialists at the start-up stage.
Examination of the experience of foreign countries (France, Germany, S.Korea, USA, Lithuania, Ukraine, Russia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, among others) also showed that many nations have special laws that comprehensively regulate the use of atomic energy.
In addition, 84 states are currently parties to the 1994 Vienna Convention on Nuclear Safety, one of the main requirements of which is the creation of a national legal framework for the use of nuclear energy and ensuring safety in its operation.
On 10 July 2018, a meeting took place under the chairmanship of President Shavkat Mirziyoyev on the construction and operation of nuclear power plants, at which the issue of the need to create a regulatory framework in a new area for our country, in particular, the development of the draft law “On the use of atomic energy in peaceful purposes” in accordance with the requirements of the IAEA, international standards and practices of the most advanced nations. And on July 19, 2018, the head of state signed the decree “On measures for the development of nuclear energy in the Republic of Uzbekistan”. The document provides for the creation of a special body regulating relations in the field of nuclear energy, the Uzatom agency.
At present, the development of a bill has begun, which will regulate relations arising from the peaceful uses of atomic energy. Legal foundations will be laid for the functioning of newly established institutions and systems for ensuring the use of atomic energy for peaceful purposes.
It is planned to implement the most effective mechanisms to secure the safety of citizens in the use of atomic energy. The basic principles for carrying out activities on the use of atomic energy are planned to determine priorities for protecting life and health of citizens, safeguarding the environment before all other aspects of using atomic energy, providing for nuclear and radiation safety, preventing the production of nuclear weapons and other nuclear explosive devices.
The mechanisms for commissioning and decommissioning or limiting the operational characteristics of a nuclear power plant are defined, and a fund for decommissioning an NPP is being created.
To protect citizens and shield the environment in the area of the NPP location, a sanitary safeguard zone and a surveillance precinct are established, and a special legal regime is established at the location of the facility.
Deputy Speaker of the Legislative Chamber Oliy Majlis of Uzbekistan
(Source: «Uzbekistan Today» newspaper)
Meetings of the Egyptian delegation
On October 11, the International Islamic Academy of Uzbekistan hosted a meeting with a delegation led by the Grand Imam of Egypt, the head of Al-Azhar complex Sheikh Ahmed Mohammad el-Tayeb.
It was attended by responsible persons of the Committee for Religious Affairs under the Cabinet of Ministers of the Republic of Uzbekistan, the Muslim Board of Uzbekistan, and the Center for Islamic Civilization.
The Grand Imam of Egypt noted that Uzbekistan raised many world-famous scholars, and expressed hope that students of the International Islamic Academy of Uzbekistan will continue their work with dignity.
Views were exchanged on expanding cooperation between the two countries in religious-spiritual sphere, enhancing experience of teachers, exchanging personnel. Agreements were reached on holding roundtable discussions, workshops and conferences for scientific analysis of current issues of Islam. Sheikh Ahmed Mohammad el-Tayeb has been awarded the title of Honorary Professor of the International Islamic Academy of Uzbekistan.
A memorandum of cooperation between the International Islamic Academy of Uzbekistan and Al-Azhar University was signed at the event.
In a conversation with the Chairman of the Senate of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan N.Yuldoshev, it was noted that the visit of the Grand Imam of Egypt to Uzbekistan, as a logical continuation of an active bilateral dialogue, will further strengthen friendship and mutual trust between the two countries.
Strengthening cooperation for ensuring religious tolerance, freedom of conscience, bringing to the international community the values of enlightened Islam and its humanistic ideas were discussed.
The sides expressed readiness to further strengthen Uzbekistan – Egypt friendship and cooperation.
Uzbekistan – Tajikistan – Korean Business Forum
On October 10, a trilateral business forum of entrepreneurs of Uzbekistan, Tajikistan and South Korea was held in Dushanbe, Tajikistan.
The event was attended by representatives of ministries, agencies and companies from three countries operating in the spheres of economy, investment, finance, trade, tourism, logistics, energy, electrical engineering, food, chemical, pharmaceutical, light industry, agriculture and others. Issues of bringing trade-economic, investment cooperation of Uzbekistan, Tajikistan and South Korea to a new level were discussed at the event. Views were exchanged on prospects of implementation of investment projects with participation of foreign capital in the territory of partner countries.
The forum, initiated by the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan Shavkat Mirziyoyev and the President of the Republic of Tajikistan Emomali Rahmon, is aimed at discussing issues of implementation of joint projects in Tajikistan with participation of capital and business people of Uzbekistan and South Korea, developing cooperation with Tajikistan’s enterprises.
Information was provided on conditions created for investors in Uzbekistan, opportunities for free economic and small industrial zones, tax and customs privileges. Possibilities of joint implementation of projects in energy, agriculture, tourism, communications and financial services were considered.
Participants of the event visited a number of industrial enterprises and farms in Tajikistan. They became acquainted with the technological process of the country's companies.
Representatives of business circles of Uzbekistan took part in negotiations with Tajikistan and South Korean businessmen at B2B and G2B meetings.
Agreements on investment cooperation were signed at the forum.
Legislative Chamber of Oliy Majlis of republic of Uzbekistan
Lawmakers in Lively Discussion of Bills
At the general session of the Legislative Chamber of the Oliy Majlis, on October 9, the deputies discussed draft laws aimed at improving the scientific, tourist, judicial and legal spheres.
The first question on the agenda of the session, the draft law of the Republic of Uzbekistan “On Science” caused a lively discussion of people’s representatives in the lower house of the Oliy Majlis.
It was emphasized that considered in the first reading, it was developed within the framework of the Action Strategy in the Year of Support for Active Enterprise, Innovative Ideas and Technologies.
The bill defines the powers of bodies exercising public administration in scientific and technological areas, measures for social support and stimulation of representatives of the academia, as well as state scientific and technical expertise, comprehensive assessment and monitoring of scientific and technical level, economic efficiency and practical importance of scientific and technical results. Another essential aspect is that the draft law identifies the main principles, sources and forms of financing scientific and scientific-technical activities.
According to the deputies, the adoption of this draft law will ensure the streamlining of legal, financial, socio-economic relations in scientific and scientific-technical fields.
At the same time, bringing together the norms regulating relations in the scientific and scientific-technical spheres will serve to create the legal environment in the field of scientific and scientific-technical activities, as well as to ensure the effective interaction of all participants in scientific and scientific-technical activities.
After stormy discussions, the bill was passed on first reading.
Then the lower house members began to consider the draft law “On Tourism” in a new edition.
At present, for the accelerated development of tourism, which is becoming one of the important sectors of the country’s economy, a comprehensive and deeply thought-out legal framework is needed. It should be noted that the Law of the Republic of Uzbekistan “On Tourism”, adopted 19 years ago, does not fully meet modern requirements.
According to the lawmakers, the draft law “On Tourism” presented to the deputies in the first reading will create the legal conditions for the formation of a modern, highly efficient and competitive tourism industry in the country.
It reflects the norms aimed at creating organizational conditions for the development of domestic and foreign tourism in Uzbekistan, ensuring stability, clarity and flexibility of legal regulation of relations in the field, as well as increasing income from tourism to budgets of all levels by creating legal mechanisms ensuring transparency activities of subjects in the field of tourism, ensuring consonance, the compliance of our laws with international legal documents regulating relations in the travel industry.
As the legislators noted, the adoption of the draft law specifies the legal status of entities of tourism activities, clearly defines the powers of state authorities in the field of state tourism regulation. This, in turn, will serve to further build up the tourist potential of the country’s regions, increase the revenue of local budgets.
In addition, the parliamentarians discussed in the first reading other bills included in the session agenda.
(Source: «Uzbekistan Today» newspaper)
Asian Para Games 2018. Uzbekistan’s athletes win 46 medals
On the fourth day of championships of the third Asian Para Games, held in Jakarta, members of Uzbekistan’s team won 14 medals.
In judo competitions, Vasila Aliboyeva defeated India’s athlete in the final and won the gold medal.
In men’s championships in the weight category over 100 kilograms, Shirin Sharipov defeated all his rivals and brought another gold medal to the national team of Uzbekistan.
Shukhrat Boboyev won a silver medal, Sharif Khalilov and Feruza Yusupova won bronze medals.
As of October 10, Uzbekistan’s athletes won 25 gold, 11 silver and 10 bronze medals.
Championships on October 11 were also successful for the country’s athletes. In long jump championship, Doniyor Soliyev won a gold medal.